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  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Strengthening consumers’ participation in VAT compliance strategies in Rwanda

    The Value Added Tax (VAT) is one of the main tax instruments in Rwanda and, in the last few years, the Rwandan government and the Rwanda Revenue Authority (RRA) have developed a series of tax enforcement initiatives intended to reduce VAT evasion. Most notably, Rwanda introduced Electronic Billing Machines (EBMs), which VAT-registered firms are legally required to use...

    7 Jan 2019 | Joana Naritomi, Anders Jensen

  • Publication - Working Paper

    Management in Pakistan: Performance and conflict

    7 Jan 2019 | Ali Choudhary, Renata Lemos, John Van Reenen

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Expectativas Subjectivas e Escolhas Ocupacionais de Estudantes Universitários em Moçambique

    A transição da educação para o mercado de trabalho tem vindo a receber uma atenção crescente entre os economistas e formuladores de políticas públicas, especialmente nos países em desenvolvimento. Este estudo analisa o papel das expectativas subjectivas sobre o emprego e salário na tomada de decisões de carreira profissional entre estudantes do ensino...

    7 Jan 2019 | Mariapia Mendola, Luigi Minale, Ines Raimundo

  • Publication - Project Report

    Tracking concession activity: A census in Sierra Leone

    7 Jan 2019 | Darin Christensen, Bilal Siddiqi, Maarten Voors

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Subjective expectations and occupational choices among university students in Mozambique

    The transition from school to the labour market is receiving growing attention among economists and policymakers, especially in developing countries. This study examines the role of subjective expectations about employment and earnings in influencing occupational choices in three different sectors (public, private, and self- employment) among university students in...

    7 Jan 2019 | Mariapia Mendola, Luigi Minale, Ines Raimundo

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Laying roads to more productive farming: Evidence from Ethiopia

    Starting in 1997, Ethiopia embarked on a comprehensive road infrastructure expansion programme, with its recent Universal Rural Road Access Programme focusing explicitly on connecting rural communities to markets. This research quantifies the effects of Ethiopia’s new roads on aggregate and local agricultural productivity outcomes over 1996-2014. To do so, it...

    7 Jan 2019 | Tasso Adamopoulos

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    How social networks shape local labour markets: Evidence from Ethiopia

    In Addis Ababa, a large proportion of young people find temporary and informal jobs with the help of their social contacts – people who often live in the same neighbourhood as them. This study examines how the social networks in urban neighbourhoods shape the structure of the local labour markets and what the implications for productivity are, with the help of a...

    7 Jan 2019 | Simon Quinn, Marc Witte

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Improving teacher management and professional development: A survey of the policy landscape in Rwanda

    An important policy question in Rwanda is how can schools attract, motivate, develop, and retain skilled teachers who will deliver positive learning outcomes. The centralisation of the hiring and teacher allocation process, proposed to take place in the 2018/19 school years, provides an opportunity to address the challenges associated with this policy question. ...

    7 Jan 2019 | Andrew Zeitlin, Jonathan Bower

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Harnessing the potential of ICT for education in Rwanda

    The Government of Rwanda’s Education Sector Strategic Plan describes the use of information and communications technology (ICT) in general as “fundamental” to achieving the socio-economic development outlined in Vision 2050, and its use in education as “critical”. Technology in education has significant potential to increase equality of access to and use of...

    7 Jan 2019 | Andrew Zeitlin, Jonathan Bower

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Religion, leadership, and coordination: Evidence from a lab experiment in the field

    Coordinating economic actions across individuals can be critical to resolving collective action problems and market failures. Coordination – i.e., the ability to work together effectively – may be necessary for escaping poverty traps, for changing social norms, for optimising resource use on common land, or for improving the provision of public goods. This study...

    18 Dec 2018 | Sonia Bhalotra, Irma Clots-Figueras, Lakshmi Lyer, Joseph Vecci