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  • Publication - Project Report

    Densification without contagion? Overcrowding and pandemic risk hotspots in Rwanda

    In this paper, we estimate the location of overcrowding hotspots in Kigali and five secondary cities in Rwanda using a variant of the methodology used recently by the World Bank in Mumbai, Kinshasa and Greater Cairo. This is of interest for three key reasons. First, whilst overcrowding is an imperfect proxy for the type of close interpersonal contact that spreads...

    12 Oct 2020 | Anirudh Rajashekar, Jonathan Bower

  • Publication - Miscellaneous

    Presentation: Taxing urban land and property

    8 Oct 2020 | Shahrukh Wani

  • Publication - Working Paper

    Financial intermediation and economic development in the state of Bihar, India: A district-level analysis

    This paper analyses the relationship between financial intermediation and economic development in the state of Bihar in India. We find that the standard index of depth of financial intermediation measured by credit deposit (CD) ratio is very low in the state (30%) and has little impact on economic development at the aggregate level. However, the analysis of sectoral CD...

    7 Oct 2020 | Sanjay Banerji, Krishna Gangopadhyay, Sushanta Mallick

  • Publication - Policy paper

    Designed to succeed: Building authorising environments for fast-growing cities

    Cities are where prosperity is won or lost. They can either be the engines of economic growth, or dysfunctional sites of congestion, crowding, and discontent. One of the main differences is due to the quality and effectiveness of policy decisions: some city governments can take effective, timely decisions that support the productivity-enhancing features of cities, while...

    6 Oct 2020 | Paul Collier, Edward Glaeser, Tony Venables, Astrid Haas, Shahrukh Wani

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Quantifying the economic benefits of public transportation in Kampala

    Traffic congestion is a major issue in cities around the world with potentially negative effects on outcomes ranging from economic activity to health. This brief quantifies the cost of congestion in the Greater Kampala Metropolitan Area (GKMA) and estimates the economic benefits of a planned Bus Rapid Transport (BRT) system. The researcher finds the daily cost of...

    5 Oct 2020 | Laurenz Baertsch

  • Publication - Policy paper

    Urban land use planning for economic growth

    Land use planning plays a crucial role in improving the productivity, livability, and sustainability of developing cities. Drawing on successful reforms from developed and developing countries, this paper explores the trade-offs associated with designing and enforcing land use plans and regulations in the context of rapid and often informal urban development

    5 Oct 2020 | Paul Collier, Edward Glaeser, Tony Venables, Priya Manwaring

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Agro-dealer and farmer COVID-19 survey: April – June 2020

    The researchers interviewed 973 crop farmers, 99 dairy farmers, and 483 agro-dealers to help assess the impacts of COVID-19 on smallholder farmers and other actors across the agricultural value chain. The researchers make several findings, including that a majority of farmers report financial distress and agro-dealers were seeing lower footfall traffic. However,...

    23 Sep 2020 | Tomoko Harigaya, Kaitlyn Turner, Hannah Timmis, Torsten Figueiredo Walter, Siyao Jessica Zhu

  • Publication - Project Report, Working Paper

    Take home rations (THR) and cash transfers for maternal and child nutrition: A synthesis of evidence in India

    The futures of young children are often overwhelmingly determined by chance. There is consensus that the 1000 days since conception are critical for a child’s nutritional status and the environment in which children are born often shapes the inputs and investments they get during this formative period (Black, et al. 2013). Failure to secure a child’s wellbeing during...

    21 Sep 2020 | , Shree Saha

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Terror and tourism: How bad news can harm economic development

    Reporting on violence often draws attention to countries which are typically not covered by international news outlets, leading to a bad news bias which can affect the view that people hold on these countries and have serious economic consequences. Tourism offers a unique chance to study the effect of news because tourists from different countries evaluate the same...

    27 Aug 2020 | Tim Besley, Thiemo Fetzer, Hannes Mueller

  • Publication - Project Report

    State capacity in Punjab’s local governments: Benchmarking existing deficits

    As the developing world urbanises, there is increasing pressure to provide local public goods and local governments are expected to play an important role in their provision. However, there is little work on the nature of capacity deficits faced by local governments and whether these deficits are acting as a constraint on performance. We use financial accounts data from...

    25 Aug 2020 | Gharad Bryan, Ali Cheema, Ameera Jamal, Asad Liaqat, Gerard Padró i Miquel