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  • Publication - Policy Brief

    How to regulate exposure to air pollution

    Airborne particulates kill millions of people each year. Analysis of global data describing particulate exposure suggests that an important component of exposure is determined by country-level policies.  Statistically, the three best predictors of mean particulate exposure in a country are: Coal consumption, organic fuel consumption/agricultural burning, and urban...

    10 Jun 2021 | Matthew Turner, Lint Barrage

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Increasing property tax compliance in Liberia: Evidence on the role of detection and enforcement capacity

    Many developing countries suffer from low tax collection rates. Broadening the tax base and effectively enforcing tax liabilities is crucial for economic and political development. Property tax compliance in Liberia is limited: an estimated 5% to 10% of properties are registered on the tax roll. Year-on-year compliance for registered properties is also weak.  ...

    10 Jun 2021 | Oyebola Olabisi

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Effective monitoring to improve the quality of teaching and learning in Freetown

    Effective monitoring of schools is essential to ensure schools are safe environments for children and are delivering a minimum standard of education. Freetown City Council (FCC) has no school monitoring system in place; schools are not routinely supervised which is resulting in a lack of necessary oversight and accountability. The aim of this project is to collect...

    10 Jun 2021 | David Frank Johnson

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Unemployment and self-employment in urban Ethiopia: Determinants and scenarios

    Urban labour markets in Ethiopia feature very high rates of unemployment and own-account work, with an unemployment rate of 23.5% and a self-employment rate of 25.9% in Addis Ababa, according to the 2016 Urban Employment and Unemployment Survey (UEUS). This study documents facts about the labour market situation of workers in Addis Ababa by skill type and uses a...

    10 Jun 2021 | Markus Poschke

  • Cover photo by Tanushree Rao/Unsplash
    Publication - Policy paper

    Timor-Leste’s drivers of growth and sectoral transformation

    This policy paper discusses policy priorities to realise Timor-Leste’s socio-economic potential on its path to middle-income status, focusing on fisheries, agriculture, and tourism as key sectors for economic transformation and analysing the role of infrastructure investment, financing frameworks, and digital innovation in making this possible. See below for summaries...

    8 Jun 2021 | Camilla Sacchetto , Sarah Logan, Joevas Asare, Moussa Saab

  • Publication - Project Report

    The impact of COVID-19 on Amhara National Regional State’s economy (Final report)

    7 Jun 2021 | Getachew Abegaz, Seneshaw Tamru, Tilahun Emiru

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    The impact of COVID-19 on Amhara National Regional State’s economy

    Since the first COVID-19 case in the Amhara National Regional State (ANRS) was detected on March 27, 2020, it has been feared that the virus would seriously damage the region’s economy. This study examines the impact of the pandemic on tourism and hotels, remittances, and government finance. It then conducts macro-level growth accounting and Social Accounting...

    7 Jun 2021 | Getachew Abegaz, Seneshaw Tamru, Tilahun Emiru

  • Publication - Project Report

    COVID-19 impact on Nigerian wholesale and retail trade

    The COVID-19 crisis has impacted wholesale and retail businesses in Nigeria and other developing countries in myriad ways for several months with lasting effects. The purpose of this research was to identify the effects of COVID-19 on traders' businesses in Lagos markets. Understanding the impact of the pandemic on MSMEs in the trading sector and the ways they adapt to it...

    7 Jun 2021 | Hakeem Bishi, Shelby Grossman, Meredith Startz

  • Publication - Working Paper

    Persuasion and public health: Evidence from an experiment with religious leaders during COVID-19 in Pakistan

    We use a Randomised Controlled Trial in Pakistan to test whether one-on-one engagement with community religious leaders can encourage them to instruct congregants to comply with public health guidelines when attending religious gatherings. Treated religious leaders are 25% more likely to tell a "mystery shopper" he must wear a mask to attend. Treatment effects are driven...

    3 Jun 2021 | Katherine Vyborny

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Is there an urban wage premium in Rwanda?

    Rwanda has prioritised urbanisation as a major driver of growth. Our research uses high quality household data to examine whether similar individuals earn and consume more in Rwanda’s cities than would do in its rural areas. We find that nominal urban wages and consumption are larger for urban areas than for rural areas, and larger for bigger cities than for...

    2 Jun 2021 | Jonathan Bower, Carlo Menon, Sakshi Gupta