The potential for tenure-responsive land use planning in Kampala

Policy brief Cities

  • Kampala is a city that is growing rapidly at an estimated rate of 3.9% per year. It is estimated that the daily workforce comprises of 4.5 million people. To date, much of this urbanisation has been unplanned. There have been various attempts at designing a planning framework. In 2012, the Kampala Physical Development Plan (KPDP) was finalised.
  • The KPDP has faced numerous implementation challenges. A particular reason is that its implementation was based on the assumption of resolving the complex land tenure situation in Kampala. However, due to various administrative and political reasons, this is unrealistic in the short term.
  • Therefore, the Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA) is now looking to develop detailed neighbourhood plans. These will need to develop a framework that can work within the complexity of the tenure system. The proposed methodology, tenure-responsive land use planning (TR-LUP), is one way to do this and has various other benefits as a participatory planning tool. Furthermore, in the long run, it may also help improve tenure security.
  • A holistic urban planning approach is necessary to coordinate the private and public investments that enable productive and liveable density within cities. Therefore, it needs to be prioritised in the case of Kampala.