Afridi, Farzana, Dinkelman, Taryn and Mahajan, Kanika (2018). “Why Are Fewer Married Women Working in Rural India? A Decomposition Analysis over Two Decades”, Journal of Population Economics, 31(3): 783–818, July. Accessible:–017–0671-y

Ali, Daniel, Bowen, Derick, Deininger, Klaus and Duponchel, Marguerite (2015). Investigating the gender gap in agricultural productivity: Evidence from Uganda, Policy Research Working Paper 7262, World Bank Group. Accessible:

Ashraf, Nava, Delfino, Alexia and Glaeser, Edward (2018). Women, Entrepreneurship, and Institutions, International Growth Centre Policy Brief. Accessible:

Asian Development Bank (2016). Policy Brief on female labor force participation in Pakistan, No. 70, October.

Bandiera, Oriana, Niklas Buehren, Robin Burgess, Markus Goldstein, Selim Gulesci, Imran Rasul and Munshi Sulaiman (2018). Women’s empowerment in action: Evidence from a randomized control trial in Africa. Accessible:

Borker, Girija (2018). Perceived risk of street harassment and college choice of women in Delhi, VoxDev. Accessible:

Bursztyn, Leonardo, González, Alessandra L and Yanagizawa-Drott, David (2018). “Misperceived social norms: Female labor force participation in Saudi Arabia”, National Bureau of Economic Research, Working Paper 24736. Accessible:

Chatterjee, Urmila, Murgai, Rinku and Rama, Martin (2015). Job opportunities along the rural-urban gradation and female labor force participation in India, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 7412.

Dhar, Diva, Jain, Tarun and Jayachandran, Seema (2014). Tell us what you really think: Measuring gender attitudes in Haryana, Ideas for India. Accessible:

Dhar, Diva, Jain, Tarun and Jayachandran, Seema (2018). Reshaping adolescents’ gender attitudes: Evidence from a school-based experiment in India, Working Paper.

Duflo, Esther, Dupas, Pascaline and Kremer, Michael (2012). Estimating the benefit to secondary school in Africa: Experimental evidence from Ghana, Working Paper F-2020-GHA-1, International Growth Centre. Accessible:

Field, Erica, Martinez, Jose and Pande, Rohini (2016). Does women’s banking matter for women? Evidence from urban India, Working Paper S-35306-INC-1, International Growth Centre Working Paper. Accessible:

Field, Erica, Jayachandran, Seema, Pande, Rohini and Rigol, Natalia (2015). Friendship at Work: Can Peer Effects Catalyze Female Entrepreneurship?, Harvard Kennedy School, Working Paper Series 15–019.

Hsieh, Chang-Tai, Hurst, Erik, Jones, Charles I and Klenow, Peter J (2019). The allocation of talent and US economic growth. Accessible:

International Labour Organization (2018). Global wage report 2018/19: What lies behind gender pay gaps. Accessible:—dgreports/—dcomm/—publ/documents/publication/wcms_650553.pdf

International Labour Organization (2018). Labor force participation rate, female (% of female population ages 15+) (modeled ILO estimate). Accessible:

International Labour Organisation (2018). World Employment and Social Outlook: Trends for Women. Accessible:–en/index.htm

Mitra, Shabana and Moene, Karl Ove (2017). Wheels of power: Long-term effects of targeting girls with in-kind transfers, International Growth Centre Working Paper. Accessible:

Moore, Charity, Rohini Pande, Troyer and Prillaman, Soledad Artiz (2018). Vocational training programs in India are leaving women behind but this needn’t be the case, International Growth Centre Blog. Accessible:

Naeem, Farria and Woodruff, Christopher (2014). Managerial capital and productivity: Evidence from a training program in the Bangladeshi garment sector, International Growth Centre Policy Brief. Accessible:

Sajjad, Fizzah, Anjuman, Ghulam Abbas, Field, Erica and Vyborny, Kate (2017). Gender equity in transport planning: Improving women’s access to public transport in Pakistan, International Growth Centre Policy Paper. Accessible:

World Bank (2001). Engendering development: Through gender equality in rights, resources, and voice, World Bank and Oxford University Press.

Note: Bold text denotes IGC-funded studies