Effects of the spatial pattern of violence at the local level on investment and growth

The past few years have seen increasing violence and insecurity in Pakistan. While the increase in violence at the national level is consistently reported in the national and international press, there is little analysis or evidence of the spatial pattern of violence at the local level and its effect on investment and growth. Understanding the nature of violence and its spatial patterns is essential for the design of an effective security policy without which growth will be impossible to sustain even in the short-term.