Mitigation and adaptation strategies to reduce adverse climate change impacts

Bangladesh is extremely vulnerable to the effects of climate change. About 88% of the landmass consists of floodplains, sitting in a delta. The topography is flat and majority of the landmass lies within 10 meters above mean sea level. The geographic location at the convergence of the three great rivers – the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna – and near the Eastern Himalayas makes Bangladesh vulnerable to natural hazards like floods, cyclones and occasional earthquakes. Due to the rise in the average sea level, an additional 14% of the country may be extremely vulnerable to floods by 2030. Furthermore, recent evidence is indicating that rising temperature has severe consequences for economic growth -higher temperature has wide-ranging effects, reducing agricultural output, landlessness, internal migration etc. which in turn adversely affects both welfare and wellbeing.