Showing all content in Ghana

  • Blog post

    What’s the marginal productivity of a nurse?

    Imagine you are running a national health system in a country in Africa. You run thousands of health facilities and employ tens of thousands of nurses, doctors, midwives, and other health workers. Where should you deploy these personnel to have the greatest impact on public health?  Suppose there is a rural health clinic that employs two nurses. What would improve service...

    26 Feb 2020 | Binta Zahra Diop, Koku Awoonor-Williams, Anthony Ofosu, Martin Williams

  • Blog post

    Do civil service performance incentives work: Evidence from Ghana and Zambia

    “The problem with government is that bureaucrats don’t have any incentive to perform well.” If you’ve spent much time working in or with governments in low- or middle-income countries, you’ve almost certainly heard this lament many times – and maybe even said it yourself. The idea is simple, intuitive, and powerful: People aren’t performing well; people...

    25 Feb 2020 | Martin Williams, Liah Yecalo-Tecle

  • Publication - Working Paper

    Civil service reform and performance management in Ghana and Zambia since 1990

    20 Feb 2020 | Martin Williams, Liah Yecalo-Tecle

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Policy brief: Using administrative data to measure the productivity and allocation of health workers and funds: Lessons from Ghana

    Since 2018, doctors and administrators from the Ghana Health Service (GHS) and academics from the University of Oxford have been working together to understand which health facilities personnel should be deployed to in order to have the greatest impact on health. This project undertook a government-academia collaboration using Ghana’s District Health Information...

    8 Jan 2020 | Binta Zahra Diop, Koku Awoonor-Williams, Anthony Ofosu, Martin Williams

  • Project

    From paper to practice: Implementing civil service reform in Ghana, Kenya and Zambia

    This project aims to document and explain the implementation record of performance-oriented civil service reforms in Africa. It will use Ghana, Kenya, and Zambia as case studies. Most recent research on state effectiveness has focused on identifying the causal effects of particular management practices or experimental interventions. However, most large-scale changes to how...

    10 Dec 2019 | Martin Williams

  • Project

    Dealing with single-use plastics: Examining the economic effect of a ban in Ghana

    Many cities in sub-Saharan Africa are increasingly experiencing widespread usage of single-use plastic products and the associated littering. This is having a devastating impact on economies, ecosystems, infrastructure and human lives. Single-use plastics are used only once before they are disposed of or recycled. These items include plastic bags, sachets, straws and...

    3 Dec 2019 | Michael Danquah, Ebenezer Amankwaa, Elizabeth-Nancy Amoyaw, Jones Obeng, Hendrick Dwommoh-Mensah

  • Project

    The productivity and allocation of public personnel and funds: Evidence from government health facilities in Ghana

    Frontline public services are delivered by government officials working in facilities spread across the country. Therefore, governments must decide how to allocate these scarce human resources and complement them with financial inputs. Paying these workers typically consumes a significant proportion of government expenditures. As such, governments have an enormous financial...

    3 Dec 2019 | Martin Williams

  • Publication - Working Paper

    Understanding the allocation of public personnel across government health facilities in Ghana

    2 Dec 2019 | Binta Zahra Diop, Martin Williams, Koku Awoonor-Williams, Anthony Ofosu

  • Project

    The impact of public investment in graduate training on development outcomes in Ghana

    Over the years, successive governments in Ghana have prepared and implemented various development plans, all aimed at providing opportunities for job creation. The recent government’s coordinated programme of economic and social development policies - launched in April 2018 - puts job creation and the promotion of higher incomes at the core of policy objectives. To...

    2 Dec 2019 | Michael Danquah, Abdul Malik Iddrisu

  • Project

    Building tax capacity at scale: Evidence from technology investments in Ghana

    Increased capacity to collect taxes leads to the funding of public goods which have high returns and contributes to the wider state-development process (Schumpeter, 1918; Besley and Persson, 2010). At the heart of any strong tax system lies the ability to accurately observe economic activities and use this information as inputs into an efficient billing, collection, and...

    2 Dec 2019 | Anders Jensen, David Lagakos