Showing all content in International

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    Data: Effects of Climate Change on Low-lying and Flood-prone Areas: The case of Bangladesh

    Exposure to abnormal floods is believed to have negative short- and long-term consequences for welfare and health in poor countries, and such impacts are likely to grow worse with continued anthropogenic climate change. However, two common proxies for flood exposure, self-reported exposure and rainfall, are problematic. This paper describes a method for constructing...

    1 Mar 2019

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    Data: Democracy and Income: A Time Series Analysis with Special Reference to Africa

    Africa experienced a wave of democratization over the past 20 years and this increase in democracy, we find, positively and significantly affects income per capita. Our dynamic panel data results suggest that countries only slowly converge to their long-run income values as predicted by current democracy levels, however. African countries may therefore be currently too...

    1 Mar 2019

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    Data: An experimental evaluation of Community Driven Reconstruction in northern Liberia: Follow up data entry and analysis

    Civil war is very common in the developing world, with harmful welfare effects when it occurs. Many fear that the devastation wrought by violent confict destroys social capital, impedes economic development, and leads to the recurrence of violence (Paul Collier et al. 2003). In response, donors are injecting large amounts of aid into post-confict countries. A signifcant...

    1 Mar 2019

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    Data: Dynamics of development: Infrastructure, migration and crowding

    The direct benefits of infrastructure in developing countries can be large, but if new infrastructure induces in-migration, congestion of other local publicly provided goods may o↵set the direct benefits. Using the example of rural household electrification in South Africa, we demonstrate the importance of accounting for migration when evaluating welfare gains of spatial...

    1 Mar 2019

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    Data: Third-party environmental auditing

    In many regulated markets, private, third-party auditors are chosen and paid by the firms that they audit, potentially creating a conflict of interest. This article reports on a two-year field experiment in the Indian state of Gujarat that sought to curb such a conflict by altering the market structure for environmental audits of industrial plants to incentivize accurate...

    1 Mar 2019

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    Data: Gold Mining and Living Standards in Ghanaian Households

    The development of modern sectors has long been linked to the displacement of traditional agriculture. The economic literature has focused on explanations associated with reallocation of inputs but has neglected other possible mechanisms, such as the negative externalities of environmental pollution on production. To explore this issue, we examine the case of modern gold...

    1 Mar 2019

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    Data: Peasants into Democrats? Evaluating the impact of information on local governance in Mali

    I argue that if citizens systematically underestimate what their government can and should do for them, then they will hold politicians to a lower standard and sanction poor performers less often. A large-scale experiment across 95 localities in Mali in which some voters received information about potential government performance identifies eects of raising voter...

    1 Mar 2019

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    Data: What do Indian CEOs do? Time Use of Indian Top Executives: Determinants and Implications for Growth

    We present evidence on the labor supply of CEOs, and on whether family and professional CEOs di↵er on this dimension. We do so through a new survey instrument that allows us to codify CEOs’ diaries in a detailed and comparable fashion, and to build a bottom-up measure of CEO labor supply. The comparison of 1,114 family and professional CEOs reveals that family CEOs work...

    1 Mar 2019

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    Data: The Economic Costs of Piracy

    This paper estimates the effect of piracy attacks on shipping costs using a unique data set on shipping contracts in the dry bulk market. We look at shipping routes whose shortest path exposes them to piracy attacks and Önd that the increase in attacks in 2008 lead to around a ten percent increase in shipping costs. We use this estimate to get a sense of the welfare loss...

    1 Mar 2019

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    Data: Property Tax Experiment in Punjab, Pakistan: Testing the role of wages, incentives and audit on tax inspectors’ behaviour

    Performance pay for tax collectors has the potential to raise revenues, but might come at a cost if taxpayers face undue pressure from collectors. We report the first large-scale field experiment on these issues, where we experimentally allocated 482 property tax units in Punjab, Pakistan into one of three performance-pay schemes or a control. After two years, incentivized...

    1 Mar 2019