Showing all content in Myanmar

  • Blog post

    The costs of building exporter-buyer relationships in Myanmar

    Despite Myanmar’s recent economic and political liberalisation, the country’s exports remain low. One reason could be the costly search process between foreign buyers and local exporters. Alleviating such costs should be a priority for the government of Myanmar to boost exports. Since 2010, Myanmar has implemented political and economic reforms aimed at spurring growth...

    20 Nov 2019 | Matthieu Teachout

  • Project

    Informal taxation and redistribution: a study of community driven provision of public goods in Myanmar

    Informal taxation is a crucial source of public goods financing in many developing countries. In Myanmar, data collected by the IGC in 2016 showed that financial payments to non-state actors and direct contributions to development projects amount to about 8% of total household expenditure, twice as much as direct tax payments (McCarthy, 2016). These resources are channelled...

    4 Nov 2019 | Andrea Smurra

  • Project

    Trade research and capacity building

    Myanmar is strategically located between India and China, two of the largest economies in the world. To take advantage of this position, the Government of Myanmar needs to implement trade policies and guidelines that are evidence driven, as well as maximises the national employment, domestic products and productivity. The constraints for the Ministry of Commerce to fully...

    1 Nov 2019 | Rocco Macchiavello, David Atkin

  • Project

    Reducing language frictions in Myanmar

    Language barriers hinder operational efficiency, for instance, meetings take longer to complete, there are frequent misunderstandings between foreign and domestic managers and communications are poor. The IGC project 'Spillovers from Special Economic Zones: Micro-evidence from the Myanmar' revealed that, on average, Myanmar managers spend 34% of conversation time on...

    11 Oct 2019 | Rocco Macchiavello, Amit Khandelwal, Matthieu Teachout, Louise Guillouet

  • Project

    Electrification and economic growth in Myanmar

    After decades of economic isolation, Myanmar now sees electrification as a national priority for growth. However, Myanmar is starting from energy poverty, as per capita levels are one-fourth of India’s, one-tenth of Vietnam’s or about one-two hundredth of America’s. The government of Myanmar initiated a National Electrification Plan (NEP) to bring electricity to...

    10 Oct 2019 | Robin Burgess, Michael Greenstone, Tim Dobermann, Niclas Moneke, Nicholas Ryan

  • Project

    Community engagement and decentralisation: Institutional, capacity building and fiscal dimensions

    Community Driven Development (CDD) projects have seen a major expansion around the world in the last decade, with many governments adopting the CDD principles and designs as a preferred method for service delivery in challenging settings. The World Bank alone is currently involved in 190 CDD projects in 78 countries. Under the previous Thein Sein government, Myanmar...

    10 Oct 2019 | Luke Fesko, Aung Hein, Matthew Hamilton

  • Project

    Scoping visit on evidence and voice for minimum wage revisions

    Across the globe, workers and unions have played a key role in raising minimum wages through participation at policy dialogues or strikes. Their expectations about minimum wages and the ways they influence policy dialogue are important for sustainable industry growth. While minimum wage may ensure fair compensation for workers, it may come at the cost of firm closures and...

    10 Oct 2019 | Virginia Minni, Mari Tanaka, Laura Boudreau

  • Blog post

    It’s good to talk: Improving industrial relations in Myanmar’s garment sector

    Myanmar’s garment sector has enjoyed rapid growth in recent years and is one of the government’s priority export sectors. However, rising industrial disputes, over issues such as working conditions and pay, pose a threat to the industry’s ability to export goods to major markets. An event co-organised by the IGC in Myanmar looked at the possible ways to improve both...

    27 Sep 2019 | , Siddhartha Basu

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Myanmar’s emerging coffee sector: Opportunities and constraints

    Myanmar is home to ideal conditions for coffee cultivation, but the sector is still in its infancy. Growing demand in the region and increasing interest in high-quality coffee in developed markets presents a significant opportunity for expanding cultivation. Exports of coffee from Myanmar have increased in recent years. However, much of what is exported is sold to...

    23 Sep 2019 | Siddhartha Basu , Tim Dobermann, Rocco Macchiavello

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Data for Cities: A 2019 Urban Baseline for Mandalay City

    In developing countries, a lack of rich data can hinder evidence-based decision-making and research on urban areas for urban policymakers when making decisions on infrastructure and services. This brief presents the first urban baseline survey across all the six townships in Mandalay, and its analysis provides an outline for important city characteristics, including...

    19 Sep 2019 | Astrid Haas