Showing all content in Pakistan

  • Project

    Countering COVID-19: Real-time data from Pakistan

    The on-going pandemic put a strain on the developed economy with a sharp collapse of GDP and mounting unemployment. Simultaneously, the fragile socio-economic structure of low and middle-income countries are extremely vulnerable to the pandemic's effects. Amongst the many constraints that local authorities face in responding to the pandemic, these countries have few...

    18 Feb 2021 | Ali Choudhary, Nicola Limodio

  • Project

    Charting Pakistan’s air quality policy landscape

    An IGC Evidence Paper on Energy & Environment (Dec 2019) states that human productivity drops by 6% on average on polluted days. It further lists Pakistanis among those severely exposed to PM2.5, one of the most harmful air pollutants. Moreover, the IGC's work on air pollution indicates that developing countries struggle to enforce environmental regulations, leading to...

    16 Feb 2021 | Sanval Nasim, Ali Habib

  • Publication - Project Report

    Smart containment with active learning: Evidence from a data-driven rapid policy response to COVID-19 in Punjab

    29 Jan 2021 | Ahwaz Akhtar, Ali Cheema, Jishnu Das, Adnan Khan, Asim Khwaja, Anum Malkani, Ahmad Mustafa

  • Project

    Strengthening state capacity and enhancing bureaucratic effectiveness

    Developing state capacity is essential for promoting economic growth and development. This does not only involve developing fiscal capacity of the state by improving its resource mobilization techniques but also ensuring that a well-functioning and motivated bureaucracy is in place that can deliver essential services. Over the last decade, a reasonably large literature...

    11 Jan 2021 | Zahra Mansoor, Adnan Khan

  • Project

    Leveraging energy data for better residential energy subsidy targeting

    A welfare state faces two fundamental challenges: targeting those who need support most and delivering benefits in an effective manner. In developing countries, weak data leads to poor targeting, while weak institutions lead to poor delivery. The benefits intended for the poor therefore only reach a fraction of the planned amounts. Targeting is challenging because of the...

    25 Nov 2020 | Michael Greenstone, Usman Naeem, Tim Dobermann, Robin Burgess, Faraz Hayat

  • Project

    Using spatial data for targeting the poor: Reaching the most vulnerable

    The lockdown of mega cities and the perceived trade-off between lives and livelihoods throws up immense policy challenges. We take up the social protection side of this challenge by constructing a targeting tool that pays attention to economic vulnerabilities, as well as requirements of disease containment. Our proposed tool geo-maps Karachi on the basis of electricity...

    23 Nov 2020 | Rashid Memon, Hussain Bux Mallah, Nazar Khan

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Urban property taxes in Pakistan’s Punjab

    Property tax is a significantly under-utilised tax instrument in Punjab, accounting for only 6% of the total provincial tax. With a population of over 100 million, all of Punjab collects less urban property tax than the city of Chennai in India, home to about 10 million people. Punjab's cities have significant service delivery deficits. For example, only 35% of urban...

    2 Nov 2020 | Shahrukh Wani, Hina Shaikh, Oliver Harman

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Reforming educator accountability systems: Evidence from Pakistan

    Pakistan suffers from extremely low learning levels, and past research has shown that a lack of effective incentives for educators is a substantial contributor to this problem. Recognising this, the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) government wanted to reform the educator accountability system. Under a proposed reform, educator promotions would be linked to performance...

    27 Oct 2020 | Saher Asad, Masooma Habib, Naureen Karachiwalla, Katrina Kosec, Clare Leaver, Attique Ur Rehman

  • Multimedia Item - Video

    Applied Development Economics Seminar Series: Dr Ali Hasanain

    Dr Ali Hasanain (Lahore University of Management Sciences) summarises new aggregated data on political violence in Pakistan, on 8 September 2020.

    27 Oct 2020

  • Blog post

    Poverty eradication in Pakistan: Past, present, and future

    While the current government in Pakistan has taken a multi-dimensional approach and introduced some measures to eradicate poverty, along with specific COVID-19 emergency interventions, many challenges still remain. We lay out our thoughts below on whether Pakistan is on track to achieving SDG1 by 2030, given that another 10 million are expected to move into poverty due to...

    12 Oct 2020 | Hina Shaikh, Anum Anis