Showing all content in Cities

  • Blog post

    Why are there no microgrids in Pakistan?

    Solar microgrids, with higher voltage distribution and decentralised generation, present a viable alternative to grid electricity in Pakistan. What’s more, demand exists for services beyond basic electrification. However, there are hurdles for microgrid deployment in the country. Namely, sophisticated demand, technological barriers, and legal constraints. An International...

    20 Sep 2017 | Hassan Abbas Khan, Husnain Fateh Ahmad, Nauman Ahmad Zaffar

  • Blog post

    Property rights and poverty reduction: Effects of land titling on Argentina’s urban poor

    Reducing the cost of land titles and simplifying the systems can improve land security and livelihoods of the poor Land rights are a crucial component of economic development. Property rights have the potential to fundamentally improve resource allocation and increase investment in a given society by limiting expropriation and facilitating market transactions. Moreover,...

    19 Sep 2017 | Sebastian Galiani

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Unequal commutes: Job accessibility and employment in Accra

    6 Sep 2017 | Nathalie Picarelli , Pascal Jaupart, Ying Chen, Ana Moreno-Monroy

  • Publication - Miscellaneous

    Presentation: Sustaining urban accessibility

    5 Sep 2017 | Jit Bajpai

  • Project

    Scoping trip: Introducing a formal bus system into Kampala

    In order for urbanisation to result in productivity gains, a city must achieve a high degree of connectivity, which is the process that supports scale and specialisation. However, in cities like Kampala, the level of connectivity is fairly low. In particular, Kampala has not introduced any formal mass public transportation system to date. Rather, the reliance is on these...

    5 Sep 2017 | Jit Bajpai

  • Publication - Synthesis paper

    Secure, legally enforceable and marketable land rights for urban development

    This Cities that Work paper first outlines why secure, legally enforceable and marketable land rights play such a pivotal role in urban development. Section 2 discusses the trade-offs associated with different tenure systems, both formal and informal. Whilst there can be strong benefits in formalising land rights, processes of formalisation need to be underpinned by...

    31 Aug 2017 | Paul Collier, Edward Glaeser, Tony Venables, Michael Blake, Priya Manwaring

  • Publication - Synthesis paper

    Land and property taxes for municipal finance

    This Cities that Work paper explores why land and physical properties represent the largest source of untapped municipal revenue. Alongside their potential to raise significant public revenues, land and property taxes are also fairer and more efficient than other forms of tax. They have limited effects on urban investment, and allow governments to capture increases in land...

    31 Aug 2017 | Paul Collier, Edward Glaeser, Tony Venables, Michael Blake, Priya Manwaring

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Land and property taxes: Exploiting untapped municipal revenues

    Part of our Cities that Work publications, this brief outlines the importance of annual land and property tax as a source of municipal finance and explores trade-offs that policymakers face in implementing reform. It also identifies examples of best practice for reform from cities across the developing world.

    31 Aug 2017 | Paul Collier, Edward Glaeser, Tony Venables, Priya Manwaring, Michael Blake

  • Blog post

    Incremental reform for public transportation: From mini-vans to buses

    More roads mean more cars. Effective urban policy should prioritise getting people on the roads, with in fewer vehicles – are buses and other mass transit systems the answer? Connectivity to move people rather than vehicles Connectivity nurtures agglomeration economies and unlocks the productivity potential of cities. In developing country cities however, which are...

    28 Aug 2017 | Jit Bajpai , Astrid Haas