Showing all content in Cities

  • Data Item

    Data: Economic impact of urban property rights in Tanzania: The role of infrastructure

    While multiple studies have shown that a woman’s control over land is positively associated with bargaining power outcomes, few have succeeded in highlighting successful methods for increasing this control. We report on a policy experiment in an unplanned settlement in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, that provided access to formal land titles to informal settlers at randomized...

    28 Feb 2019

  • Data Item

    Data: Railroad to growth: Evaluating the impact of investments in railroads on firm behaviour

    This paper investigates the impact of investments in transport infrastructure on firm performance. Using an original survey of approximately 900 firms in Southern Africa, I estimate the impact of access to a railway on firm sales. Exposure to railway infrastructure is instrumented by geographic proximity to the historical layout of a railway line destroyed by a civil war in...

    28 Feb 2019

  • Blog post

    Wage returns for work experience: Development and urbanisation

    Globally, on average, people spend ten years in school but work for 40 years. People learn valuable skills in school and at work. Students who advance on to employment have the opportunity to continue to accumulate human capital and wage increases in relation to their work experience. In developing economies, students face obstacles in accruing such employment...

    22 Feb 2019 | Remi Jedwab

  • Project

    Understanding unplanned settlement dynamics in the city of Kigali

    Kigali is Rwanda’s main urban centre and accommodates about half the urban population. Rapid urban growth in Kigali has led to the development of unplanned settlements. Unplanned areas, characterised by inferior living conditions such as limited access to infrastructure, limited plot accessibility, and rudimentary housing construction-materials, pose a long-term risk to...

    20 Feb 2019 | Patrick Hitayezu, Anirudh Rajashekar, Dimitri Stoelinga

  • Publication - Project Report

    The dynamics of unplanned settlements in the City of Kigali

    20 Feb 2019 | Patrick Hitayezu, Anirudh Rajashekar, Dimitri Stoelinga

  • Multimedia Item - Video

    Land reform: Lessons from Rwanda

    Thierry Hoza Ngoga (Rwanda's former Head of Land Technical Operations) discusses how Rwanda reformed its land policy through a series of interventions over several years.

    14 Feb 2019

  • Publication - Policy paper

    Strategies for effective procurement and public-private partnerships in the transport sector

    Around the world, investments in transport infrastructure have risen to the top of the urban policy agenda. Effective urban mobility provides the foundation for economic prosperity, environmental sustainability, and social inclusion. It is now widely understood that after decades of underinvestment, there is a vast need for cities globally to upgrade and expand...

    6 Feb 2019 | Matti Siemiatycki

  • Publication - Policy paper

    Data-oriented urban transport reform in middle-income and developing cities

    The paper highlights the key success factors determining the efficiency of data management interventions, and the benefits that the successful implementation of such policies could deliver for local communities and their surrounding economies. Key success factors include (1) a healthy balance of investments in data technology and human knowledge; (2)...

    6 Feb 2019 | Dan Graham, Daniel Hörcher, Jose Manuel Carbo Martinez

  • Publication - Policy paper

    Key considerations for integrated multi-modal transport planning

    This paper will start by outlining the limits of city transport policies and planning focused on road and car based infrastructure. It will then outline the main components of integrated multi modal transport plans. This type of planning is increasingly being adopted and to understand why, this paper will outline the potential benefits of such plans if they are...

    1 Feb 2019 | Astrid Haas

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Women, entrepreneurship, and institutions

    This project aims to investigate whether improving enforcement of rule of law benefits female entrepreneurs more than male entrepreneurs, thus serving to reduce the gender gap in entrepreneurship. The project builds upon previous work that collected data on the distribution of all businesses across Lusaka. This brief presents new analysis of this data which reveals...

    25 Jan 2019 | Nava Ashraf, Alexia Delfino, Edward Glaeser