Showing all content in Cities

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Density, connectivity and liveability: Linking the Kigali Master Plan to economic development

    The 2013 Kigali Master Plan has contributed to Kigali becoming one of the most liveable and green cities on the continent. However, it has been criticised for being disconnected from economic planning, by being overly rigid, unevenly regulated and unaffordable for households and businesses to implement. Whilst the Kigali 2018 Master Plan Review is on course to do...

    15 Jan 2020 | Jonathan Bower

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Setting water tariffs right: Considerations and approaches

    Governments must ensure access to water for all citizens as it is a right with far-reaching social, political and economic implications. To facilitate sustainable access to quality water, an appropriate approach to water tariffs needs to be determined that considers various contextual challenges and opportunities. This brief looks at the potential options for...

    15 Jan 2020 | Astrid Haas

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Returns to work are lower in developing countries: Is it due to their sectoral and urban structure?

    Developing economies have more workers in sectors or locations where there may be less scope for learning, thus, this brief asks whether their economic and urban structure could explain their lower levels of economic development? This study obtains measures of returns to work experience across various dimensions using data from 23 million individuals in more than...

    8 Jan 2020 | Remi Jedwab, Paul Romer, Dietrich Vollrath, Asif Islam, Daniel Pereira

  • Publication - Evidence Paper

    IGC evidence paper - Cities (Draft)

    18 Dec 2019 | Gharad Bryan, Edward Glaeser, Nick Tsivanidis

  • Project

    Rwanda land tenure Regularisation

    The registration of land rights is one of the key challenges facing policymakers today. Secure, legally enforceable, and marketable land rights allow cities to become a platform of productivity by ensuring that owners have the security to invest and transact land. They also allow governments to plan and tax land for the public good. Theirry Ngoga Hoza - who was closely...

    18 Dec 2019 | Thierry Hoza Ngoga

  • Project

    Improving customer repayments practices for water and sewer services in Kenyan informal settlements

    2.5 billion people in the developing world have no access to improved sanitation, and over a billion of them still practice open defecation.  Rapid urbanisation has resulted in an increase of 183 million urban residents without access to improved sanitation. The inability of the utilities to deliver adequate sanitation services has disproportionately hurt poor urban...

    16 Dec 2019 | Paul Gertler, Sebastian Galiani, Aidan Coville

  • Project

    Bringing property owners into the tax net: Avenues of fiscal capacity and local accountability. Experimental evidence from Dakar, Senegal.

    Property taxes are levied for local governments and often represent an important component in their budget funding. They play a crucial role in the face of increasing needs for public services in rapidly growing cities. In the context of developing countries - with cadastre shortcomings, weak administrative information and IT systems, and poor enforcement tools - most local...

    16 Dec 2019 | Justine Knebelmann

  • Project

    Understanding demand and funding for water supply in Mandalay City

    The Mandalay City Development Committee (MCDC) - the governing body of municipal Mandalay, Myanmar - faces significant problems surrounding their water services. Currently, piped water reaches only a fraction of the population, there is little water and sewage treatment capacity, and MCDC faces exorbitant financial losses (over K3700 mil, 2016-17). MCDC has been working...

    11 Dec 2019 | Tanvi Nagpal, Ankit Chatri

  • Project

    Assessing waste management services in Kigali

    Kigali is Rwanda's main urban centre and possesses the country’s highest population growth.  It is estimated that the city collects 300-350 tonnes of waste per day, all of which is dumped at a single landfill. High growth rates have put pressure on the city's existing waste management services including capacity constraints on the city's landfill and waste collection...

    10 Dec 2019 | Anirudh Rajashekar, Aiden Bowers

  • Project

    Brighter communities, safer cities

    Security provision is a fundamental service of the state. Personal and property security are necessary conditions for attracting local and foreign investment to drive economic growth. In Sierra Leone - where police lack the resources, capacity, and political legitimacy to provide community-level security - state and civil society actors combine to provide community...

    6 Dec 2019 | Daniel Posner, Kevin Grieco