Showing all content in Energy

  • Publication - Miscellaneous

    IGC evidence on climate change, development, and COP26

    In June 2021, the IGC submitted this written evidence to a International Development Committee Inquiry examining, ahead of COP26 in November 2021, the progress the UK Government has made putting climate change at the centre of aid policy.

    20 Jul 2021 |

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    When price isn’t the whole story: Why rural consumers in Rwanda have low demand for electricity

    Electrification is considered critical for economic growth, as reflected by Rwanda’s goal to hit 100% electrification by 2024, but providing poor consumers with access to electricity presents major challenges. This study examines consumer responses to a price incentive to pay for solar electricity among existing Pay as You Go (PAYGo) solar customers. Very few...

    28 Jun 2021 | Megan Lang

  • Publication - Project Report

    Charting Pakistan’s air quality policy landscape

    18 Jun 2021 | Ali Habib, Sanval Nasim, Amna Shahab

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    How to regulate exposure to air pollution

    Airborne particulates kill millions of people each year. Analysis of global data describing particulate exposure suggests that an important component of exposure is determined by country-level policies.  Statistically, the three best predictors of mean particulate exposure in a country are: Coal consumption, organic fuel consumption/agricultural burning, and urban...

    10 Jun 2021 | Matthew Turner, Lint Barrage

  • Project

    Reducing Pakistan's circular debt: Facilitating growth through energy sector reforms

    Pakistan's power sector is in crisis. Although subsidies protect consumers from the real costs, the government is burdened with serious debt. The stock of debt in the power sector has reached a staggering ~1.72 trillion rupees (£8.56bn), nearly 4% of GDP. In comparison, Pakistan spends just over 2.4% of GDP on education; more is spent on subsidising electricity prices each...

    8 Jun 2021 | Robin Burgess, Usman Naeem, Tim Dobermann, Faraz Hayat, Michael Greenstone

  • Project

    Reinventing Pakistan's welfare state: Replacing energy subsidies with targeted transfers

    A welfare state faces two fundamental challenges: targeting people who need support the most and delivering the benefits in a cost-effective manner. In some developing countries, weak data leads to poor targeting, while weak institutions lead to poor delivery mechanisms. This means that these limited benefits are often availed by the less deserving, leaving less behind for...

    4 Jun 2021 | Robin Burgess, Tim Dobermann, Michael Greenstone, Faraz Hayat, Usman Naeem

  • Publication - Working Paper

    The determinants and implications of worker turnover in a nascent industry

    In this paper we analyse the determinants of turnover in the Ethiopian garment industry. We find suggestive evidence that turnover is costly for both workers and firms. To increase turnover we conduct a pilot field experiment. We compare the effect of a retention bonus schemes and an unconditional bonus payment on worker retention. Surprisingly, we find no statistically...

    1 Jun 2021 | Girum Abebe, Stefano Caria, Stefan Dercon, Lukas Hensel

  • Blog post

    Money or power? Choosing COVID-19 aid in Kenya

    Participants in an experiment comparing demand for cash transfers and electricity subsidies in urban Kenya, overwhelmingly prefer cash given the proliferation of mobile money via platforms like M-PESA and preference for short-term liquidity. Conversely, in rural Kenya, slightly more respondents opted for electricity token transfers given that they face saving constraints...

    25 May 2021 | Edward Miguel, Kenneth Lee, Oliver Kim, Eric Hsu, Susanna Berkouwer

  • Project

    Electric mobility and transport leapfrogging in Kigali, Rwanda

    Rapid advances in technology, seen in fast-charging electric buses, electric motorbikes with replaceable batteries, dock less bicycles and scooters, and a host of other innovations, may have led to a greater change to way we think about urban transport over the last 5 years than over the previous 50. Whether these technologies succeed in helping address climate change,...

    21 May 2021 | Andrew Sudmant, Andrew Gouldson

  • Project

    Determinants of global air pollution exposure

    Air pollution is harmful to health and growing literature suggests it is also harmful to productivity. This project aims to understand the determinants of exposure, that is, concentrations of people living in polluted places. We plan to assess the reduction in exposure that follows from policy interventions affecting urbanisation, power generation, transportation,...

    21 May 2021 | Matthew Turner, Lint Barrage