Showing all content in Energy

  • Publication - Working Paper

    Political favoritism and the targeting of power outages

    17 Apr 2019 | Brian Min

  • Project

    The political economy of power outages in Ghana: New measures and analysis

    Access to energy is crucial for economic growth. While global attention has focused heavily on increasing access, an under-recognised constraint in many countries is poor reliability of electricity supply. This project introduces a new measure of power supply reliability and outages based upon temporal variations in nighttime light output. This work builds upon ongoing...

    17 Apr 2019 | Brian Min

  • Project

    Rapid response to Pakistan’s Task Force on Energy Reforms

    Pakistan’s power sector is in deep need of reform. The sector suffers from chronic shortages not because of a lack of supply but due to the financial woes of the distribution companies operating throughout Pakistan. Of the electricity sold for use across the country, only 71% is recovered through bills. Such large losses risk collapsing the sector if left...

    17 Apr 2019 | Robin Burgess, Tim Dobermann, Michael Greenstone, Faraz Hayat, Usman Naeem

  • Blog post

    What do we (not) know about the benefits of households' electrification?

    Household electrification has recently become a controversial topic. When The Economist declared that “electricity does not change poor lives as much as was thought,” a number of non-profits and industry representatives wrote indignant responses (CEO of SolarAid, CrossBoundary) arguing that electricity, including distributed solar power, can be a game-changer for rural...

    10 Apr 2019 | Johannes Urpelainen

  • Blog post

    Improving Tanzania’s power quality: Can data help?

    For many Tanzanians, the sun sets and it’s pitch black – in fact, according to government data at least two-thirds of Tanzanians don’t have access to electricity. For those who do, many experience problems with reliability and quality of service – i.e. power cuts, and fluctuations in power supply that can damage equipment. This affects people’s daily lives and...

    25 Mar 2019 | Ben Garside, Davida Wood

  • Data Item

    Data: Effects of Climate Change on Low-lying and Flood-prone Areas: The case of Bangladesh

    Exposure to abnormal floods is believed to have negative short- and long-term consequences for welfare and health in poor countries, and such impacts are likely to grow worse with continued anthropogenic climate change. However, two common proxies for flood exposure, self-reported exposure and rainfall, are problematic. This paper describes a method for constructing...

    1 Mar 2019

  • Data Item

    Data: Third-party environmental auditing

    In many regulated markets, private, third-party auditors are chosen and paid by the firms that they audit, potentially creating a conflict of interest. This article reports on a two-year field experiment in the Indian state of Gujarat that sought to curb such a conflict by altering the market structure for environmental audits of industrial plants to incentivize accurate...

    1 Mar 2019

  • Data Item

    Data: Gold Mining and Living Standards in Ghanaian Households

    The development of modern sectors has long been linked to the displacement of traditional agriculture. The economic literature has focused on explanations associated with reallocation of inputs but has neglected other possible mechanisms, such as the negative externalities of environmental pollution on production. To explore this issue, we examine the case of modern gold...

    1 Mar 2019

  • Blog post

    Why reliability matters in expanding access to electricity in Sub-Saharan Africa

    It is almost a cliché to state that electricity supply is a critical infrastructure. Without it, the quest for sustained and inclusive growth is sure to falter. Yet, across sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), access to this critical piece of infrastructure is limited. Currently, two in five Sub-Saharan Africans lack access to electricity (IEA, 2018) While policymakers across the...

    28 Feb 2019 | James Dzansi, Brittany Street, Steve Puller, Belinda Yebuah-Dwamena

  • Data Item

    Data: Prepaid Electricity Metering: Costs, Benefits and Potential for Scale-up

    The standard approach to recovering the cost of electricity provision is to bill customers monthly for past consumption. If unable to pay, customers face disconnection, the utility loses revenue, and the service provision model is undermined. A possible solution to this problem is prepaid metering, in which customers buy electricity upfront and use it until the prepaid...

    27 Feb 2019