Showing all content in Energy

  • Blog post

    Should electricity be a right?

    The question ‘is electricity a commodity or a public utility?’ is thought provoking. A related question is if electricity should be a right and what does it mean. Does it mean people have the right to use as much electricity as they want and at what price? Or should a basic minimum quantity of electricity be available to all irrespective of their ability to pay? The...

    22 Jan 2020 | Shivani Chowdhry, Rishabh Mahendra

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Cooling developing countries: How income and climate drive air conditioning adoption

    Over 90% of people living in hot areas lack air conditioning. The expansion of air conditioning in these areas will bring comfort but increase greenhouse gas emissions from power plants and refrigerant leaks and could stress electric grids. This study develops country-specific estimates of how air conditioning saturation relates to climate and household income and...

    17 Jan 2020 | Andrew G. Campbell, Lucas Davis, Paul Gertler

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Energy efficiency in smallholder agriculture: Do micro‐irrigation systems deliver?

    Promoting energy efficiency is a global priority, as it has promise to slow carbon emissions, aid in expanding energy access, and spur economic growth. However, investments in energy efficiency do not always deliver the expected benefits. Micro-irrigation systems are a widely promoted efficient technology with the potential to improve both water and energy efficiency...

    8 Jan 2020 | Nick Hagerty, Ariel Zucker

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    How do credit and psychology affect the adoption of profitable energy efficient technologies in Kenya?

    Energy efficient technologies are often cited for their potential to meet sustainable development goals by slowing greenhouse gas emissions and generating financial savings for households living in poverty, but adoption of energy efficient technologies remains low. This study conducts a randomised experiment with 1,000 low-income households in Nairobi. The authors...

    8 Jan 2020 | Susanna Berkouwer, Joshua Dean

  • Publication - Evidence Paper

    IGC evidence paper - Energy and environment

    This paper reviews the literature on three main questions related to energy and environment and outlines the areas with greatest potential for research progress in the next five years: How will the last billion people get access to energy, and what benefits will it bring for their welfare and livelihoods? How can environmental regulation check the local harms from...

    18 Dec 2019 | Michael Greenstone, Mar Reguant, Nicholas Ryan, Tim Dobermann

  • Project

    Willingness or ability to pay? Expanding electricity access with cost sharing and financing

    Lack of access to electricity represents a large impediment to achieving higher income levels. The Government of Uganda has recognised this both in Vision 2040 and the National Development Plan, and set the goal of achieving universal electrification by the year 2040. Energy access goes beyond simply providing the population with access to an energy source. In order to...

    11 Dec 2019 | Kelsey Jack, Molly Lipscomb

  • Project

    Fuel subsidy: Evasion under changes in point of provision

    The increasing burden of subsidies is a leading concern for policymakers across the world. Growing subsidy burden holds significant fiscal implications. Nonetheless, any attempt to reform subsidy policies invites univocal opposition from all the quarters. Particularly in developing countries, debates on fuel subsidies invoke strong passions since a significant proportion...

    6 Dec 2019 | Prabhat Barnwal

  • Publication - Growth Brief

    Suffocating prosperity: Air pollution and economic growth in developing countries

    Air pollution is a silent killer that imposes substantial welfare and economic costs. Yet, people and governments underinvest in clean air. Policymakers must intervene with innovative solutions. Historically, economic growth and the externalities of growth have been studied and dealt with separately. However, we are now reaching the point where the externalities of...

    5 Dec 2019 | Paulina Oliva, Matei Alexianu, Rania Nasir

  • Project

    Policy framework for off-grid electrification in Myanmar

    Myanmar is emerging from the shadow of regime change with less than 35% electrification rate and very low population density. Myanmar’s electricity generation is lowest in the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries. Lack of access to electricity restrains development and even the basic requirement of light is a challenge. However, the country’s...

    2 Dec 2019 | Johannes Urpelainen, Rustam Sengupta

  • Multimedia Item - Video

    Energy reforms in Pakistan

    This video focuses on two areas that the IGC has worked on with the Government of Pakistan to reform energy policy. The first looks at reducing air pollution with ZigZag Kiln technology and the second looks at ways to increase energy supplies.

    2 Dec 2019