Showing all content in Farms

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Can information help reduce imbalanced application of fertilisers in India: Experimental evidence from Bihar

    Imbalanced use of fertilisers is a serious problem in India, and in Bihar, the use of chemical fertiliser is much higher relative to the rest of India. The Government of India launched the flagship Soil Health Card (SHC) programme in 2015, in which, farmers receive SHCs with recommendations on the application of different fertilisers. This brief provides empirical...

    12 Nov 2019 | Ram Fishman, Avinash Kishore, Yoav Rothler, Patrick Ward, RKP Singh, Shankar Jha

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Conservation credits: Payments for voluntary groundwater conservation

    Paying farmers to pump less groundwater could be a cost-effective and equitable way to reduce water and electricity consumption in irrigated agriculture. A pilot of conservation credits among 90 smallholder farmers in three villages in Gujarat proceeded smoothly and was received well by the communities. Results suggest that financial incentives may be able to...

    11 Oct 2019 | Nick Hagerty, Ariel Zucker

  • Blog post

    Adapting to climate change through temporary migration in Bangladesh

    With climate change, we are seeing more extreme weather events and increasingly frequent hazards, putting agriculture and rural livelihoods at ever greater risk. Temporary migration can help households withstand these types of short-term hardships and income deficits, and may be a viable mechanism for adapting “in place” to changing environmental conditions. However,...

    29 May 2019 | Joyce Chen, Nazmul Hassan

  • Publication - Working Paper

    From bilateral trade to centralised markets: A search model for commodity exchanges in Africa

    17 Apr 2019 | Yaw Nyarko, Heitor Pellegrina

  • Project

    Managing agricultural risk in Mozambique

    Mozambique is primarily an agricultural economy with 81% of its population engaged in agriculture, which accounts for 32% of its GDP. “There are now 400 extreme weather events every year, four times as many as in 1970” (The Economist, 2017). The direct costs of these extreme events in the form of lost lives, assets, and habitat are evident. For farmers in...

    16 Apr 2019 | Alex Armand, Joseph Flavian Gomes, Ivan Kim Taveras

  • Data Item

    Data: The agricultural productivity gap in developing countries

    According to national accounts data for developing countries, value added per worker is on average four times higher in the non-agriculture sector than in agriculture. Taken at face value this “agricultural productivity gap” suggests that labor is greatly misallocated across sectors in the developing world. In this paper we draw on new micro evidence to ask to what...

    28 Feb 2019

  • Data Item

    Data: Sugar mills: Ownership, productivity and crop choice

    An old theoretical and empirical literature has struggled with how ownership structure affects economic outcomes. We seek to answer this question by examining the effect that different ownership structures have on the outcomes of sugarcane farmers in India. The econometric strategy exploits the zoning system - whereby farmers living within a zone are forced to sell sugar to...

    27 Feb 2019

  • Project

    Building capacity for the Ghana Commodities Exchange

    Formally lauched in November 2018, the Ghana Commodities Exchange (GCX) is set to transform agricultural markets in Ghana. The GCX links farmers with traders more effectively, and provides facilities like grain storage and quality control. To ensure the smooth running of the exchange upon its opening, this project sought to build technical capacity amongst its...

    16 Jan 2019 | Yaw Nyarko

  • Blog post

    The supply chain for seed in Uganda: Where does it all go wrong?

    Seed quality is a major concern in Uganda Evidence from recent studies suggests low country-wide adoption of improved seeds by farmers. Farmers prefer to use home-saved seeds, indicating that they did not perceive the benefits of improved seed to be worth the cost (Tripp and Rohrbach, 2001; Remington et al., 2002; Sperling et al., 2008).  This has been linked to several...

    14 Dec 2018 | Nathan Fiala

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Impacts and sustainability of irrigation in Rwanda

    Economic growth in Rwanda relies critically on agricultural growth, yet Rwanda’s agricultural sector faces critical constraints such as fragmentation, dependence on erratic rainfall, and challenging geography. As the country’s agriculture is mostly rain-fed, production is exposed to climatic variation and unreliable rainfall. As such, irrigation presents a...

    28 Aug 2018 | Florence Kondylis, Maria Jones, Jeremy Magruder