Showing all content in Firms

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Staving off the hungry season in Zambia: Testing a simple and cost-effective approach

    Multiple countries in sub-Saharan African experience seasonal extreme food insecurity, a phenomenon in some cases referred to as the “hungry season.” In Zambia, the context of this project, recent studies suggest that between 60-80% of rural households run out of food before the annual harvest. Seasonal food insecurity has serious impacts on health and wellbeing....

    16 Jan 2020 | Kelsey Jack, Supreet Kaur, Ned Augenblick, Nicholas Swanson, Felix Masiye

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Examining the impact of the Common External Tariff of the East African Community in Uganda

    The primary goal of the Common External Tariff (CET) of the East African Community (EAC) is to allow for free trade within a larger market than that of the individual countries that comprise it. The CET has, from inception, held a 0-10-25 tariff structure: 0% for raw materials, 10% for semi-finished products and 25% on finished products. Although this structure has...

    16 Jan 2020 | Garth Frazer

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Barriers to tax compliance for medium, small, and micro enterprises (MSMEs) in Zambia

    This study examines the barriers that contribute to the low levels of tax compliance among MSMEs in Zambia. The brief presents findings from an original survey conducted among 1390 respondents in 52 market hubs in Lusaka and Central province of Zambia. The researcher finds a tax compliance rate of on average 30 percent among these MSMEs. The findings reveal...

    15 Jan 2020 | Brigitte Seim

  • Blog post

    Assessing sectoral linkages in the Zambian economy

    The Government of the Republic of Zambia (GRZ) has since 1965, endeavoured to minimise the country’s dependence on copper mining through a melange of policies and incentives in the agricultural, industrial and services sectors in its six previous national development plans. In 2018, GRZ launched its 7th National Development Plan (GRZ, 2017) that re-emphasised the need to...

    15 Jan 2020 | Mundia Kabinga, Horman Chitonge

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Horticulture, and wood and furniture industries in Tanzania: Performance, challenges, and potential policy approaches

    Manufacturing has long been considered an engine of economic growth and socio-economic development. Today, several developing countries are looking for the right industries that can trigger structural transformation. This brief discusses the cases of two agro-processing industries in Tanzania: horticultural processing, and wood and furniture. It discusses their...

    14 Jan 2020 | Francesca Guadagno, Samuel Mwita Wangwe, Michele Delera, André Castro

  • Blog post

    Industrialisation through natural resources: The case of horticulture, wood and furniture in Tanzania

    The horticulture, wood and furniture industries in Tanzania are still too small and inefficient. While the country lacks a concrete industrial strategy for these industries, a carefully designed policy mix with science, technology, and innovation at its core could make these industries thrive. Manufacturing has for long been considered an engine of economic growth and...

    13 Jan 2020 | Francesca Guadagno, Samuel Mwita Wangwe, Michele Delera, André Castro

  • Multimedia Item - Video

    Enhancing industrial growth and productivity in Pakistan

    This documentary follows the IGC's work with the Government of Punjab on increasing the province's industrial base and developing policies to encourage growth in areas such as the garment sector.

    13 Jan 2020

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    The bigger the better: Using lotteries to identify the allocative efficiency effects of firm size

    Governments around the world provide economic incentives to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). SMEs are typically favoured in tax and regulatory policy and are often targeted in public procurement and business development programmes. Such policies are based on the belief that SMEs need help to grow out of inefficiently small sizes. Public procurement...

    8 Jan 2020 | Paul Carrillo, Dave Donaldson, Dina D. Pomeranz, Monica Singhal

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Do taxes affect firm-to-firm trade? Evidence from India

    Intra-national trade costs are large in developing countries; gains from better integration of supply chains within these countries are potentially substantial. This study considers how the Value Added Tax (VAT) affects intra-national firm-to-firm trade in the state of West Bengal, India. Using rich data on the universe of the 180,000 firms paying taxes in the state...

    8 Jan 2020 | Lucie Gadenne, Tushar Nandi, Roland Rathelot

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Opportunities for agriculture insurance in Mozambique

    Weather-related risks such as drought, flood, and hail can cause irreversible damage to households and affect food security. They are complemented by a large number of additional constraints, such as limited technical knowledge, lack of processing capacity, high exposure to pests and diseases, limited access to finance and markets, and high risk of price volatility. ...

    7 Jan 2020 | Alex Armand, Joseph Flavian Gomes, Ivan Kim Taveras