Showing all content in Firms

  • Project

    Relaxing seasonal constraints to improve labour productivity: Scaling-up with a private sector partner (country wide project)

    In Zambia, small-scale agriculture employs the vast majority of the rural population, despite low levels of productivity and farming income. Most small-scale farms run out of food and cash four to five months after the harvest. Consequently, farmers engage in costly strategies to finance consumption until the next harvest, most commonly selling family labour off-farm in the...

    9 Dec 2019 | Kelsey Jack, Gunther Fink, Felix Masiye

  • Project

    Relaxing seasonal constraints to improve labour productivity: Scaling-up with a private sector partner

    In Zambia, small-scale agriculture employs the vast majority of the rural population, despite low levels of productivity and farming income. Recent studies have demonstrated that small scale farmers are most likely to deviate from their original production plan during the “hungry season” that precedes the harvest. Since harvest occurs once a year, most of these farmers...

    6 Dec 2019 | Kelsey Jack, Gunther Fink

  • Project

    Worker well-being and productivity in the Bangladesh garment sector

    Recent research suggests stress may affect worker productivity and thereby the accumulation of other forms of human capital. The garment sector is the largest employer of female workers in Bangladesh, the majority of whom have migrated from outside the area where the factories are located. These urban and peri-urban areas are characterised by inadequate basic services and...

    6 Dec 2019 | Atonu Rabbani, Christopher Woodruff, Paula Lopez-Pena, Muhammad Mozumder

  • Project

    The role of mobile-based trade credit on business development

    Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are the backbone of most economies. They are flexible in responding to new opportunities and possess potential for rapid growth.  As a result, SMEs are believed to serve as engines for innovation, employment, and social mobility. In developing countries, SMEs represent a particularly large part of the economy. However, data...

    4 Dec 2019 | Tavneet Suri, Antoinette Schoar

  • Project

    Trade shocks and production networks in Uganda

    The structure of firm networks matters. Given a certain network structure, it influences the amount of value created in an economy and determines an economy’s resilience to shocks. However, the structure is also likely to be endogenous to economic policy decisions. As such, it is difficult to disentangle the causal effect of a given network and the formation of that...

    4 Dec 2019 | Miguel Almunia, Jonas Hjort, Lin Tian, Alan Griffith

  • Project

    Quality upgrading and contract enforcement in Uganda's coffee sector

    There has long been interest in the process of structural transformation, moving from subsistence agriculture to the production of manufactured goods (Lewis, 1954). Improving the value of agricultural exports is often considered an important first step in this process. More broadly, there has been growing interest in quality upgrading in developing country markets and firms...

    3 Dec 2019 | Ameet Morjaria, Lauren Falcao, Ritwika Sen

  • Project

    Understanding non-tariff barriers and regional integration in the East African Community

    Non-tariff barriers may be particularly prohibitive to small traders, and therefore may have the unintended consequence of concentrating market power at the border. This can influence the degree of competition in domestic markets within each country. The result is that border policies may affect businesses, farmers, and consumers throughout the country through not only the...

    3 Dec 2019 | Lauren Falcao, Matthew Grant, Meredith Startz

  • Project

    Performance of artisanal gold exports in Ethiopia

    In its second Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP II), the Government of Ethiopia planned to expand the export base by strengthening the export performance of selected sectors, including mining. The government set an ambitious target of increasing foreign exchange earnings of the mining sector from 344 million USD to 2.0 billion USD between 2014/15 and 2019/20. Enhancing...

    29 Nov 2019 | Kiflu Molla, Tewodros Makonnen Gebrewolde

  • Project

    Industrialisation and urbanisation

    Ethiopia is a fast-growing low-income country with an expanding manufacturing sector. A key policy objective of the government of Ethiopia is to accelerate industrialisation through the creation of several industrial parks across the country. The parks are designed to offer high-quality government services and infrastructure (including a reliable energy supply), access to a...

    29 Nov 2019 | Antonio Caria, Stefan Dercon, Girum Abebe, Nicolas Lippolis

  • Project

    Measuring management practices in Ethiopian firms: Module for the CSA manufacturing survey of medium and large enterprises

    The project team has already merged survey data from the Central Statistical Authority's (CSA’s) Census of Medium and Large Enterprises with Ethiopian Revenue and Customs Authority’s firm level trade data. This has resulted in a panel data set. This project aims to disentangle fluctuations in supply of material inputs from other constraints. Also, the larger aim is to...

    29 Nov 2019 | Andualem Mengistu, Tewodros Makonnen Gebrewolde, Pramila Krishnan