Showing all content in State

  • Blog post

    Designing national healthcare: Challenges and opportunities for Ayushman Bharat

    As India’s population ages, the demand for tertiary healthcare to treat non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as cancer, diabetes, and cardiovascular ailments is increasing rapidly. Estimates from the World Health Organisation show that deaths in India due to non-communicable diseases increased from 4.2 million in 2000 to 5.8 million in 2016. Over the same period, deaths...

    17 Dec 2018 | Sisir Debnath, Dibya Mishra , Tarun Jain, Revathy Suryanarayana

  • Project

    Could the provision of a microcredit induce electricity uptake? Evidence from a randomised controlled trial in rural Tanzania

    The recently adopted United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) aim at ensuring universal access to electricity by 2030. Consequently, since 2007, the government of Tanzania has devoted significant effort and resources to its rural electrification programme. Under this programme, households need to pay only TZS 27,000 (USD 13) to get connected to grid electricity,...

    7 Dec 2018 | Remidius Ruhinduka, Razack Lokina, Onesmo Selejio

  • Multimedia Item - Video

    Video: Are women politicians good for economic growth?

    How do female politicians perform in the countries where women are least represented? An IGC study in India looked at economic performance in constituencies with female legislators and their impact.

    5 Dec 2018

  • Blog post

    Are women politicians good for economic growth?

    There has been a phenomenal global increase in the proportion of women in politics in the last two decades. We find that constituencies that elect women experience significantly higher growth in economic activity through the electoral term than similar constituencies that elect men.

    4 Dec 2018 | Sonia Bhalotra

  • Blog post

    Reforming Pakistan’s tax system: Evidence-based suggestions

    As Pakistan fails to collect a decent proportion of own-source revenue, it has little choice than to take on debt or depend on more creative means, such as a recent crowdfunding campaign, to fund public projects.  Where does Pakistan stand? Pakistan tax-to-GDP ratio is about 12% . In comparison, OECD countries raise taxes equivalent to about 34% of their GDP. This limits...

    3 Dec 2018 | Shahrukh Wani

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Tax compliance and representation in Zambia’s informal economy

    Despite conventional wisdom that informality is defined by being outside the tax net, informal workers in developing countries often encounter a range of taxes to community, municipal, and national authorities. They also can be coerced to make payments to non-state entities, such as party youth leagues and vigilantes, in exchange for security. This study examines...

    26 Nov 2018 | Danielle Resnick

  • Project

    Analysis of the EAC Common External Tariff

    The Government of Tanzania is currently involved in the negotiations at the East African Community (EAC)-level of the rules of origin and the Common External Tariff (CET), which unifies the customs duties, import quotas, preferences and other non-tariff barriers across all Member States of the customs union. The leading government institutions for this project are the...

    26 Nov 2018 | Razack Lokina

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Political decentralisation, women’s reservation and child health outcomes: A case study of rural Bihar

    Research has shown that political decentralisation and female leadership at the local governance level can influence policy decisions in favour of women and children. This study analyses how decentralisation and women’s reservation (or quotas) at local levels of governance can improve health outcomes. The 73rd and 74th Amendments to the Constitution of India...

    23 Nov 2018 | Santosh Kumar, Nishith Prakash

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Evaluating the Kisan Credit Scheme: Results from Bihar and India

    The Government of India introduced the Kisan Credit Card (KCC) scheme in its 1998-99 budget to provide timely, short-term agricultural credit to farmers through the banks under a single window system. By March 2011, more than 100 million KCC accounts had been issued nationwide. This brief outlines results from a study examining the impact of the KCC Scheme on...

    23 Nov 2018 | Areendam Chanda

  • Blog post

    Choices, choices: Should IDOs give their employees more autonomy, or simply choose them better?

    Dan Honig argues International Development Organisations (IDOs) should give their employees more autonomy in decision-making, particularly in unpredictable situations with hard-to-measure project aims. Crucially, this presumes motivated agents. The answer to this: better hiring. Dan Honig recently published the book Navigation by Judgment - Why and When Top Down Management...

    23 Nov 2018 | Theres Lessing