Showing all content in State

  • Data Item

    Data: The Political economy of sovereign debt overhang

    We propose a tractable variant of the open economy neoclassical growth model that emphasizes political economy and contracting frictions. The political economy frictions involve a preference for immediate spending, while the contracting friction is a lack of commitment regarding foreign debt and expropriation. We show that the political economy frictions slow an economy’s...

    28 Feb 2019

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    Data: Multinationals and growth in developing countries

    We argue that social capital as proxied by trust increases aggregate productivity by affecting the organization of firms. To do this we collect new data on the decentralization of investment, hiring, production, and sales decisions from Corporate Headquarters to local plant managers in almost 4,000 firms in the United States, Europe, and Asia. We find that firms...

    28 Feb 2019

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    Data: Managing bureaucracy to improve public service delivery

    We study how the management practices under which public sector bureaucrats operate, correlate to the quantity and quality of public services delivered. We do so in a developing country context, exploiting data from the Nigerian Civil Service linking public sector organizations to the individual projects they are responsible for. For each of 4700 projects, we have hand...

    28 Feb 2019

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    Data: Counteracting illicit behaviour during elections: The role of observers and cell phones in a field experiment

    African elections often reveal low levels of political accountability. We assess different forms of voter education during an election in Mozambique. Three interventions providing information to voters and calling for their electoral participation were randomized: an SMS-based information campaign, an SMS hotline for electoral misconduct, and the distribution of a free...

    28 Feb 2019

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    Data: Variation in infrastructure delivery and management quality among Ghana’s local governments

    Many infrastructure projects in developing countries are started but never finished. Despite the vast resources invested in infrastructure and the obvious inefficiency of abandoning projects mid-construction, there is little research on this problem. I have collected, digitized, and coded administrative records of over 14,000 local government infrastructure projects in...

    27 Feb 2019

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    Data: Tournaments for postings: Using transfers and postings as an incentive for property tax inspectors in Pakistan

    Bureaucracies often post staff to better or worse locations, ostensibly to provide incentives. Yet we know little about whether this works, with heterogeneity in preferences over postings impacting effectiveness. We propose a performance-ranked serial dictatorship mechanism, whereby bureaucrats sequentially choose desired locations in order of performance. We evaluate this...

    27 Feb 2019

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    Data: Political violence in Pakistan: Understanding subnational patterns

    Political violence has long been endemic in Pakistan, but the scale, scope, and geographic distribution of the problem has not been systematically studied. On the policy side, decision makers lack credible quantitative data with which to weigh the relative costs of politically-motivated violence against the many other challenges facing Pakistan. On the academic side,...

    27 Feb 2019

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    Data: The impact of electronic procurement of public works contracts in Indonesia and India

    Poorly functioning, and often corrupt, public procurement procedures are widely faulted for the low quality of infrastructure provision in developing countries. Can electronic procurement (e-procurement), which reduces both the cost of acquiring tender information and personal interaction between bidders and procurement ocials, ameliorate these problems? In this paper we...

    27 Feb 2019

  • Project

    Property taxation with flat rate systems in Tanzania

    The property tax system that the Tanzania Revenue Authority (TRA) inherited has a low proportion of total properties registered and an even smaller proportion valuated. It uses a valuation method that is regressive, expensive and significantly undervalues properties, and the effective tax rates are minuscule once true property value is taken into account. A flat tax...

    26 Feb 2019 | Mihaly Kopanyi, Tamim Amijee

  • Blog post

    Improving land security through community-based organisations

    Researchers and policymakers agree that secure land rights constitute a vital pillar for sustained livelihood improvements among marginalized populations, but existing solutions have been primarily top-down in orientation. Can community-based organisations help to improve land security from the ground up? Bihar state law guarantees each rural household the right to hold...

    25 Feb 2019 | Andre Joshua Nickow, Sanjay Kumar