Showing all content in Afghanistan

  • Multimedia Item - Video

    The Future of Urban Development in Afghanistan

    On December 10, 2021, the Oxford Urbanists hosted a panel event on contemporary urban-development dynamics in Afghanistan.

    14 Dec 2021

  • Event

    The future of urban development in Afghanistan Shahrukh Wani, Economist at IGC’s Cities that Work initiative moderates a discussion on contemporary urban-development dynamics in Afghanistan hosted by Oxford Urbanists. In conversation are Sana Safi, a journalist with the BBC World Service, Srinivasa Popuri of UN-Habitat, and Erol Yayboke of...

    10 December 2021

  • News Item

    Preventing mass starvation in Afghanistan: A letter to the international community

    We, the Council on State Fragility, call on the international community to not abandon the people of Afghanistan and to take urgent action to prevent mass starvation over the coming winter months.   Forty years of war, recurrent natural disasters, chronic poverty, drought and the COVID-19 pandemic have had a devastating impact on the people of Afghanistan. The world...

    1 Dec 2021

  • Blog post

    Urbanisation in fragile societies: Thinking about Kabul

    As part of the Blavatnik School of Government’s “Challenges of Government” Conference, the International Growth Centre’s Cities that Work team put together a panel on identity and legitimacy in Kabul. The discussion highlighted the importance of building legitimacy in fragile contexts, particularly given the emergence of fragmented identities and new networks of...

    13 Feb 2020 | Oliver Harman, Shoaib Rahim, Shahrukh Wani

  • Project

    Government mobile salary payments in Afghanistan

    Governments must pay their employees for states to function. The current salary payment system in Afghanistan involves a combination of cash transfers and bank-based electronic funds transfers (EFTs). It is subject to frequent delays and, in some cases, severe leakage. Mobile Salary Payments (MSPs) hold the potential to simplify and improve the payment process, as...

    11 Dec 2019 | Michael Callen

  • Project

    Local monitoring of teacher attendance in Afghanistan

    Afghanistan has struggled for decades with insecurity and a corrupt and ineffective government. Strengthening state institutions and guaranteeing service delivery are widely viewed as critical for creating peace, stability, and growth. To do so, it is essential that government employees’ salaries are not lost to corruption. However, in the absence of an adequate...

    2 Dec 2019 | Stefano Fiorin

  • Publication - Evidence Paper

    Identity, norms, narratives, and state bureaucracy: Evidence from tax administration in Afghanistan

    The effectiveness and legitimacy of a public organisation may depend to a large degree not only on institutional arrangement but also on the behaviour of actors within institutions and the interactions between the two. This paper argues that beliefs, in the form of identity, norms, and narratives, significantly affect bureaucratic effectiveness. They can have various...

    22 Nov 2019 |

  • Multimedia Item - Video

    Kabul: Identity, legitimacy and governance

    What roles do cities, with their youthful populations, play in developing a sense of identity and legitimacy in fragile contexts? This panel takes Kabul, the capital city of Afghanistan and the fifth fastest-growing city in the world, as a case study to examine how urban contexts and actors can support, or undermine, national stability by providing a dense spatial context...

    4 Nov 2019

  • Blog post

    Identity, norms and narratives and state bureaucracy

    The process of building state effectiveness and legitimacy is lengthy and far more complex in transitional societies and contexts of fragility. A lack of legitimacy makes it more difficult to build key public organisations (e.g. taxation authorities, police, and judiciary). Public services are crucial for societies to reduce poverty, build resilience to shocks, and prevent...

    22 Oct 2019 |

  • Publication - Working Paper

    Estimating economic characteristics with phone data

    7 Aug 2018 | Joshua Blumenstock