Showing all content in Afghanistan

  • Publication - Working Paper

    Estimating economic characteristics with phone data

    7 Aug 2018 | Joshua Blumenstock

  • Publication - Country study

    Building legitimacy and state capacity in protracted fragility: The case of Afghanistan

    This country study is published by the LSE-Oxford Commission on State Fragility, Growth and Development.

    18 Apr 2018 | Nematullah Bizhan

  • Blog post

    Conflict and firms: Industrial organisation in the face of insecurity

    Conflict has a long shadow, and its role in inhibiting development is clear. Today, a billion and a half people live in countries affected by fragility, conflict, or violence (World Bank 2011). The important decisions individuals make in their daily lives – where to travel, where to live, where to work – are all haunted by the spectre of violence. Not only does personal...

    6 Feb 2018 | Tim Dobermann

  • Country

    Afghanistan

    6 Dec 2017

  • Project

    Community monitoring to address leakage in roads construction in Afghanistan

    Monitoring spending can reduce leakages and corruption in infrastructure spending. However, monitoring is difficult in conflict-ridden countries where government is weak.  We evaluated a Community Based Monitoring programme, which enlisted local volunteers to monitor the quality of rural road construction adjoining their villages. Road quality was measured...

    31 Jan 2017 | Michael Callen, Eli Berman, Tarek Ghani

  • Project

    Government mobile salary payments in Afghanistan

    Governments must pay their employees for states to function. The current salary payment system in Afghanistan involves a combination of cash transfers and bank-based electronic funds transfers (EFTs), and is subject to frequently delays and, in some cases, severe leakage. The system we will evaluate – Mobile Salary Payments (MSPs) – holds the potential to simplify and...

    6 Jul 2016 | Michael Callen, Tarek Ghani, Joshua Blumenstock

  • Project

    International aid & local legitimacy: The impact of subnational governance programmes in Afghanistan

    Overview There is an emerging consensus that establishing legitimate governance in fragile states is critical for creating effective and resilient state institutions. While a growing body of research on fragile states suggests that acts of corruption by local elites and incidents of insecurity may undermine efforts to build public trust between governments and citizens,...

    14 Jun 2016 | Nancy Bermeo, Jasmine Bhatia

  • Project

    High-resolution measures of poverty and vulnerability in Afghanistan: Cost-effective solutions based on mobile phone data

    To make informed decisions, policymakers need accurate and timely information on the social and economic state of a nation and its population. Reliable measures of economic activity, population density, physical security, and migration are a few examples of information that play a critical role in guiding public policy. In Afghanistan and many other developing countries, it...

    7 Apr 2016 | Joshua Blumenstock, Tarek Ghani, Michael Callen, Jacob Shapiro

  • Blog post

    Will WTO membership boost trade and investment in land-locked Afghanistan?

    WTO, established in 1995, works to provide a framework for trade policies to ensure freer, easier, and more predictable trade flows. They also provide technical assistance to low-income, developing and least-developed countries in transition to adjust WTO rules. In December 2015, the number of WTO member countries increased to 162. Afghanistan became the 36th...

    25 Mar 2016 | Sayed Nasrat, Abdul Tamim Karimi

  • Project

    Why people vote for corrupt politicians: Evidence from survey experiments in Afghanistan

    Corruption presents one of the greatest barriers to economic growth and institutional development in many, particularly conflict-riven, countries world-over. Given corruption’s pernicious effects, it is perhaps puzzling that corrupt politicians are elected at all. The conventional wisdom, both in the popular and scholarly literature, is that voters unknowingly vote for...

    4 Sep 2014 | Rikhil Bhavnani, Luke Condra