Showing all Projects in Afghanistan

  • Project

    Government mobile salary payments in Afghanistan

    Governments must pay their employees for states to function. The current salary payment system in Afghanistan involves a combination of cash transfers and bank-based electronic funds transfers (EFTs). It is subject to frequent delays and, in some cases, severe leakage. Mobile Salary Payments (MSPs) hold the potential to simplify and improve the payment process, as...

    11 Dec 2019 | Michael Callen

  • Project

    Local monitoring of teacher attendance in Afghanistan

    Afghanistan has struggled for decades with insecurity and a corrupt and ineffective government. Strengthening state institutions and guaranteeing service delivery are widely viewed as critical for creating peace, stability, and growth. To do so, it is essential that government employees’ salaries are not lost to corruption. However, in the absence of an adequate...

    2 Dec 2019 | Stefano Fiorin

  • Project

    Community monitoring to address leakage in roads construction in Afghanistan

    Monitoring spending can reduce leakages and corruption in infrastructure spending. However, monitoring is difficult in conflict-ridden countries where government is weak.  We evaluated a Community Based Monitoring programme, which enlisted local volunteers to monitor the quality of rural road construction adjoining their villages. Road quality was measured...

    31 Jan 2017 | Michael Callen, Eli Berman, Tarek Ghani

  • Project

    Government mobile salary payments in Afghanistan (Project Expansion)

    In this project, researchers evaluated the introduction of mobile salary payments (MSPs) for employees in the Afghan Ministry of Labour, Martyrs, Social Affairs and Disabled (MoLMSAD). MSPs have the potential to decrease the amount spent on ‘ghost’ workers and increase satisfaction amongst bureaucrats by paying them more accurately and on time, and in turn,...

    6 Jul 2016 | Michael Callen, Tarek Ghani, Joshua Blumenstock

  • Project

    International aid & local legitimacy: The impact of subnational governance programmes in Afghanistan

    Overview There is an emerging consensus that establishing legitimate governance in fragile states is critical for creating effective and resilient state institutions. While a growing body of research on fragile states suggests that acts of corruption by local elites and incidents of insecurity may undermine efforts to build public trust between governments and citizens,...

    14 Jun 2016 | Nancy Bermeo, Jasmine Bhatia

  • Project

    High-resolution measures of poverty and vulnerability in Afghanistan: Cost-effective solutions based on mobile phone data

    To make informed decisions, policymakers need accurate and timely information on the social and economic state of a nation and its population. Reliable measures of economic activity, population density, physical security, and migration are a few examples of information that play a critical role in guiding public policy. In Afghanistan and many other developing countries, it...

    7 Apr 2016 | Joshua Blumenstock, Tarek Ghani, Michael Callen, Jacob Shapiro

  • Project

    Why people vote for corrupt politicians: Evidence from survey experiments in Afghanistan

    Corruption presents one of the greatest barriers to economic growth and institutional development in many, particularly conflict-riven, countries world-over. Given corruption’s pernicious effects, it is perhaps puzzling that corrupt politicians are elected at all. The conventional wisdom, both in the popular and scholarly literature, is that voters unknowingly vote for...

    4 Sep 2014 | Rikhil Bhavnani, Luke Condra

  • Project

    Local Institutions, Accountability and Community Trust: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Afghanistan

    If responsibility to manage local aid programmes is not clearly defined and allocated, newly created democratic bodies may clash with traditional leadership and lead to worse outcomes for citizens. New research by Andrew Beath (World Bank), Fotini Christia (MIT) and Ruben Enikolopov (New Economic School) finds that creating democratically elected institutions in...

    1 Jan 2011 | Ruben Enikolopov, Andrew Beath, Fotini Christia