Showing all Projects in Ethiopia

  • Project

    Unemployment, self-employment, and labour market functioning in Ethiopia

    Two aspects of developing country labour markets receiving a lot of attention, in particular in Ethiopia, are unemployment and small-scale or "necessity" entrepreneurship. In urban Ethiopia for instance, youth unemployment rates lie around 15%, and the self-employment rate reaches almost 40% (2011 Urban Employment Unemployment Survey). While this indicates a clear need for...

    31 May 2018 | Markus Poschke

  • Project

    Understanding Industrial Parks

    Ethiopia has recently launched an ambitious programme of industrialisation. The government of this fast-growing, densely populated country hopes to attract foreign investment in its brand-new industrial parks by offering a large workforce, competitive wages, cheap electricity and good infrastructure. Several garment factories have already started production in the...

    18 Jan 2018 | Stefano Caria, Simon Quinn, Stefan Dercon

  • Project

    Agricultural cooperatives in Ethiopia: Do they matter?

    This project aims to provide first-hand empirical evidence on the potential of agricultural cooperatives in transforming smallholder and traditional farming in Ethiopia.  Evaluating the effectiveness of these local organisations in terms of the promises they are supposed to deliver and facilitating agricultural transformation and commercialisation provides relevant...

    3 Jan 2018 | Kibrom A. Abay, Guush Berhanu

  • Project

    The implications of worker, match and firm heterogeneity for unemployment and self-employment in Ethiopia

    More than half of the labour force in Addis Ababa is self-employed, in casual or temporary employment, or unemployed (2012 Urban Employment and Unemployment Survey of the Ethiopian CSA). These numbers are similar in other sub-Saharan African economies but much smaller in developed economies. To understand whether policies can affect these outcomes, and if so, how, it is...

    24 Oct 2017 | Markus Poschke

  • Project

    A study of the constraints to civil servant productivity in Ethiopia

    Our understanding of the drivers of productivity in the public sector is limited, despite a high proportion of national income being spent through the state in many developing countries. Researchers surveyed civil servants across different levels of government in Ethiopia to assess the link between incentives and productivity in the country’s public sector. They...

    13 Oct 2017 | Ravi Somani, Stefan Dercon, Daniel Rogger

  • Project

    Rainfall, selection, and agricultural productivity

    Developing countries have a low income per capita and low total factor productivity, relatively more so in the agricultural sector. Even after accounting for differences in labour inputs or incorrect measurement, this “agricultural productivity gap” remains large. In explaining this puzzle, the most recent research highlights the role of sorting and selection of workers...

    31 Jul 2017 | Francesco Amodio, Markus Poschke

  • Project

    Electrification effects on firm productivity in Ethiopia

    Policymakers and academics are still in the dark about how exactly energy investments translate into growth in developing countries, and in particular how increased electrical capacity drives industrialisation. Using data on how Ethiopia’s electricity grid has expanded over time, this project estimated the impact of electrification on medium and large firms'...

    10 May 2017 | Niclas Moneke

  • Project

    Spatial integration, agricultural productivity, and development: A quantitative analysis of Ethiopia's road expansion program

    While Ethiopia has been a pre-dominantly agricultural-based economy, productivity in agriculture has been low relative to the rest of the economy, not having changed much since the 1960s. These characteristics are shared by many other developing economies. Agricultural productivity growth is important for Ethiopia’s economic development, its structural transformation, and...

    10 Nov 2016 | Tasso Adamopoulos

  • Project

    Job referrals and strategic network formation: Experimental evidence from urban neighbourhoods in Ethiopia

    This project poses the question: Do unemployed individuals use their job referral opportunities to strengthen their position in a geographically restricted social network? In particular, the project looks at whether there is reciprocity in the job referral process among individuals from the same geographic area. In addition, the laboratory experiment will be able to shed...

    8 Nov 2016 | Simon Quinn, Marc Witte

  • Project

    Trade liberalisation, infrastructure and firm performance: Evidence from Ethiopia

    This project seeks to analyse the role of improvements in infrastructure on the transmission of trade liberalisation effects to domestic firms.  While the literature has highlighted trade liberalisation and infrastructure development as effective strategies for economic growth and development, not much is known about the complementarity between the two in generating growth...

    23 Aug 2016 | Fitsum Zewdu Mulugeta, Marco Sanfilippo, Asha Sundaram