Showing all Projects in Ethiopia

  • Project

    Neighbourhood effects and social capital in urban housing: Evidence from random neighbourhood assignment

    In Africa, the population living in cities is set to triple by 2050. Government policy will play a key role in planning urban environments, including providing affordable housing and public goods for people moving to new urban neighbourhoods. How can urban policies be designed to promote flourishing communities and efficient delivery of public services? How can policy...

    22 Aug 2016 | Berihu Assefa Gebrehiwot, Simon Franklin, Alebel Weldesilassie

  • Project

    Smart cities

    This paper sought to understand what a smart city would be in the Ethiopian context. The study investigated to what extent the urban data, technology, infrastructure, and networks allow for the implementation of future smart cities in Ethiopia. The management of rapid urbanisation has been a challenge in Ethiopia. A smart cities/smart solutions approach could...

    14 Jun 2016 | Belay File Garoma

  • Project

    Trade liberalisation, firm productivity, and exit in Ethiopian manufacturing firms

    Prior to the early 1990s, Ethiopia pursued an inward looking state-­‐led industrial development strategy, based on import substitution policies through high tariffs and entry barriers. Since the mid-­‐1990s, the country has undertaken gradual process of unilateral trade liberalization and reform measures reducing tariffs significantly and lifting entry restrictions...

    25 Feb 2016 | Jeremy Foltz

  • Project

    Do managers use financial incentives effectively? Evidence from a field experiment in urban Ethiopia

    Firms in developing countries find it hard to recruit adequately skilled workers, and to motivate and retain them (World Bank, 2013; IGC, 2014). Yet, recent evidence suggests that many firms do not use standard financial rewards to attract high quality workers and increase their performance (Bloom et al., 2010; Fafchamps and Woodruff, 2014). Are financial rewards too costly...

    16 Dec 2015 | Simon Quinn, Stefano Caria, Girum Abebe

  • Project

    Low cost housing for Africa's cities? The impact of the Government Condominium Scheme in Ethiopia

    Cities in Africa face severe shortages of affordable formal housing. It is estimated that Ethiopia’s current housing deficit in urban areas is about a million units, and that only 30 percent of the current housing stock is in decent condition. Many of the capital city’s inhabitants live in sub-standard housing conditions without access to important urban services. In...

    8 Oct 2015 | Berihu Assefa Gebrehiwot, Simon Franklin, Alebel Weldesilassie

  • Project

    Rural electrification, migration and structural transformation: Evidence from Ethiopia

    Electrification and industrialisation of developing economies are closely linked. This study assessed whether electrification of rural areas can help to induce structural economic transformation, and whether it has an effect on in-country migration patterns. We found that Ethiopia’s rural electrification policies led to structural transformation of village...

    4 Sep 2015 | David Lagakos, Stephie Fried

  • Project

    Fading choice: Market development and the range of goods available across space

    A simple measure of market development is the range of products available across space. Current studies of market development focus exclusively on one particular aspect of development: the spatial integration of markets measured by the spatial variation in prices. In contrast, we aim to study the spatial variation in products. This idea derives from an analysis of consumer...

    23 Jul 2015 | Jan-Willem Gunning, Pramila Krishnan, Peng Zhang, Andualem Mengistu

  • Project

    Climate change, contracts and technology adoption: Evidence from Ethiopia

    There is a growing concern about the adverse impacts climate change would have on the short term and long term welfare of societies both in developed and developing economies. The most recent report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)[1] warns of “severe, pervasive, and irreversible” impacts of global warming, particularly on poor communities who are...

    15 Apr 2015 | Fuje Neda Habtamu, Kassahun Melesse, Atnafu Gebremeskel Sore

  • Project

    Assisting Job Search in Low-Employment Communities

    In Africa, where young people often struggle to find good jobs, the cost of searching for jobs and lack of information can prevent businesses from matching up successfully with young job-seekers. A randomised evaluation of two job-search programmes for young people in Addis Ababa aimed to address this problem. Findings suggest that young job-seekers who attend...

    5 Sep 2014 | Simon Quinn, Girum Abebe, Stefano Caria, Paolo Falco, Simon Franklin

  • Project

    Measuring productivity in multi-product firms

    New IGC study will collect data on productivity in ready-made garment factories across the world Information will be compared against international standards to accurately compare factories in ten countries (including five IGC partner countries) Will be the most comprehensive data ever collected Sustained increases in income are not possible without...

    4 Sep 2014 | Christopher Woodruff, Rocco Macchiavello