Showing all Projects in India

  • Project

    How do rural roads affect development? Evidence from India

    Despite a broad consensus that high transportation costs are a large barrier to economic development, many of the world's poor live in rural communities without paved roads, impeding their access to outside markets and public services. The high cost of roads means that the tradeoffs are steep in terms of other public goods and services. Nevertheless, the impact of rural...

    9 May 2017 | Paul Novosad, Sam Asher

  • Project

    Understanding slum formation and designing an urban housing policy for the poor in Bihar

    Bihar with just an urban population of 11 percent as against 31 percent for India, is the least urbanised among the major states, although it has the highest density of population in the country (1193 person per square km.). The state has the highest population growth rate in India, but the growing labour force is absorbed largely in the urban areas outside the state (IHD,...

    21 Mar 2017 | Abhinav Alakshendra

  • Project

    Women and work in rural India

    In contrast with global trends, India has witnessed a decline in women’s employment rates over the past few decades. We investigated this decline in rural areas, where the majority of Indian women live. We found that increasing education levels among rural married women and the men in their households were the most important factors contributing to the decline...

    9 Mar 2017 | Farzana Afridi, Kanika Mahajan, Taryn Dinkelman

  • Project

    Building environmental regulation that enables growth

    This project addresses the problem of industrial particulate matter pollution through improved regulatory monitoring. The study is a randomised-controlled trial in which treatment plants install Continuous Emissions Monitoring Systems (CEMS), and researchers measure resultant pollution abatement decisions and regulatory actions over time. Preliminary results show...

    2 Feb 2017 | Michael Greenstone, Rohini Pande, Nicholas Ryan, Anant Sudarshan

  • Project

    A study on the impact of financial market reforms on investment, financing, and governance structures of publicly traded firms in India

    This study sought to explore whether financial reforms undertaken in India in the 1990s had an effect on decisions made at the micro level by the publicly traded firms. We examined the effects of the creation of the National Stock Exchange (NSE) on firm liquidity and access to financial capital. Firm liquidity increased due to the introduction of paperless trading...

    9 Jan 2017 | Sanjay Banerji, Krishna Gangopadhyay, Madhav Shrihari

  • Project

    Clearing the air: The effects of transparency on plant pollution emissions

    India is choking on growth. Of the 20 cities in the world with the worst fine particulate air pollution, 13 are in India, meaning the average Indian loses about three years of his or her life due to the harm of this pollution There is also growing evidence that high levels of pollution lower labour productivity and, therefore, potentially economic growth. If good...

    24 Nov 2016 | Michael Greenstone, Nicholas Ryan, Anant Sudarshan, Rohini Pande

  • Project

    Are small and medium enterprises constrained by the inability to raise funds from the equity markets? Evidence from the creation of a new platform in the Bombay Stock Exchange

    This project addresses to what extent lack of access of outside finance impedes the growth, investment, productivity, technological innovation and size of Small and Medium sectors (SMEs) in India. Specifically, it examines the impact of the introduction of a platform exclusively reserved for the SMEs for the purpose of raising equity finance in the Bombay Stock exchange...

    24 Nov 2016 | Sanjay Banerji, Madhav Shrihari, Krishna Gangopadhyay, Shamim Ahmed

  • Project

    Smart congestion pricing: Testing travel incentives to reduce congestion in Bangalore

    This project will use a novel data collection strategy using smartphones and a field experiment to provide evidence on traffic congestion inefficiencies in Bangalore, India. It will also evaluate policy levers to counter congestion using monetary incentives and information. Severe peak-time traffic congestion is endemic in large cities in developing countries, both on...

    8 Nov 2016 | Gabriel Kreindler, Esther Duflo, Benjamin Olken

  • Project

    Rapid urbanisation, rural-to-urban migration and rural development: Evidence from 8000 Indian towns

    Rapid urbanisation and declining rural poverty are central features of many developing countries today, but there is little research on their relationship, especially on the impacts of rapid urbanisation on peri-urban and rural areas close to cities. Rural areas are expected to benefit from urban growth, but it is unclear whether these benefits take place via labour...

    8 Nov 2016 | Paul Novosad, Sam Asher

  • Project

    Moving in or dropping out? India's female migrants and urban labour force integration

    One important, yet understudied, constraint to FLFP is women’s inability to successfully migrate to where the jobs are - cities. In our pilot, young women and parents report being concerned for their safety when considering migrating to a major city for a job, but still reporting similar willingness to migrate for work as young men. Therefore, with proper support, young...

    27 Oct 2016 | Rohini Pande, Charity Troyer Moore, Soledad Artiz Prillaman