Showing all Projects in India

  • Project

    The impact of community-driven accountability on land rights governance: Evidence from a homestead land titling initiative

    How and under what circumstances can civic mobilisation improve local governance and service delivery? This project seeks to contribute to debates on this question through a multimethod analysis of a homestead land entitlement support program in rural Gaya District, Bihar. Homestead land entitlement in much of the developing world represents a cornerstone on which...

    26 Oct 2017 | Andre Joshua Nickow, Sanjay Kumar

  • Project

    Mapping the urban world: Integrating high-resolution satellite imagery and night light data

    Tracking how an economy allocates resources across space and time is difficult. Reliable data sources, particularly from developing countries, are scarce. Those that do exist (e.g., population censuses) are typically measured at low frequencies, difficult to obtain, hard to compare across countries, and available only for coarse spatial units (e.g., districts or counties)....

    12 Oct 2017 | Gordon Hanson, Amit Khandelwal, Ran Goldblatt

  • Project

    Promoting energy and water efficiency in irrigation through direct and indirect incentives

    Groundwater irrigation has revolutionised agriculture in India, but in many areas, over-extraction is now worsening water quality, increasing poverty, and overloading the electric grid. Meanwhile, plenty of water- and energy-efficient techniques and technologies exist – such as micro-irrigation – but adoption remains low. What is the best way for governments, utilities,...

    11 Oct 2017 | Michael Greenstone, Nick Hagerty, Ariel Zucker

  • Project

    How do disclosures affect financial choices? The case of life insurance in India

    Insurance is one of the most popular investment avenues in India. Recent miss-selling scandals in insurance (as well as financial products more generally) have brought a renewed focus on how best to regulate their sale. This has meant rules on commissions paid to distributors of these products, increased fiduciary responsibilities, as well as improved disclosures. Removing...

    31 Aug 2017 | Renuka Sane, Monika Halan, Ajay Shah

  • Project

    Rapid response project on Indian firm data

    In March 2015, IGC organised a Workshop on Industry Data, held in Delhi. The workshop provided an opportunity for academics, policy makers and government agencies to discuss difficulties they face with using or collecting datasets on Indian firms, and define the steps for a way forward to improve the quality of the data available in these areas. To prepare for the...

    31 Aug 2017 | Sam Asher, Paul Novosad

  • Project

    Does restricting subsidised power and water supply reduce growth? Evidence from the dark zones of Gujarat

    The provision of heavily subsidised electricity to agricultural consumers in India is widely considered to be a major choke on India's energy sector. Most state governments resort to rationing the duration or access to agricultural power supply, with little information on the associated trade-offs and the impacts on growth. This study will investigate the impacts of one...

    31 Aug 2017 | Ram Fishman, Meha Jain, Saher Asad

  • Project

    Improving school governance at scale: A randomised evaluation of the Madhya Pradesh School Quality Assessment programme

    Weak governance is a critical constraint in delivering quality education in developing countries. This project undertakes a randomised evaluation of the Madhya Pradesh School Quality Assessment Programme (MPSQA) - one most ambitious recent attempts by a developing country government to improve education governance at scale. The programme is a comprehensive attempt to...

    31 Aug 2017 | Karthik Muralidharan, Abhijeet Singh

  • Project

    Effectiveness of e-auctions in emerging economies

    Our primary research goal is to examine whether governments in emerging economies can increase revenues by selling land through e-auctions (anonymous auctions conducted online over a period of time) rather than through traditional “physical place” auctions (auctions where buyers and sellers come together in physical space and time). Though auctions are popular in the...

    31 Aug 2017 | Venkatesh Panchapagesan, Madalasa Venkataraman

  • Project

    Can governments increase revenues by lowering taxes? A study of competing policies to reduce tax evasion during house purchase in India

    Governments and urban local bodies struggle the world over to raise revenues to pay for providing quality services to its residents. This problem is more acute in developing countries where rampant corruption and tax evasion reduces their ability to raise such revenues. This study examines two competing policies that local governments follow in India to raise revenues from...

    31 Aug 2017 | Venkatesh Panchapagesan, Madalasa Venkataraman, Doddaswamy Ravishankar

  • Project

    Where’s value? Using VAT data to improve compliance

    In India, the low Value Added Tax (VAT) compliance of firms has been a persistent problem in raising public revenue. With the use of a large dataset – the universe of VAT transactions in the state of Delhi over the last five years -- this project addressed the issue of Indian firms’ evasion of VAT. Using the dataset, researchers evaluated the impact of an...

    14 Aug 2017 | Aprajit Mahajan