Showing all content in Myanmar

  • Project

    Perceptions of Chinese investment in Myanmar

    Research to date supports the idea that Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is conducive for growth and poverty alleviation. Apart from economic benefits, the current literature argues that FDI and international market integration promote democratisation and reduce the incidence of armed conflicts in the long run. Such findings hold important implications for an increasingly...

    12 Oct 2017 | Youyi Zhang, Ying Yao

  • Blog post

    Using a mobile app to improve pre- and post-natal health in Myanmar

    Human capital is a key factor for sustained economic growth (López-Casasnovas, 2007). Pre-natal and early-life health are particularly crucial pillars to economic development as they provide a foundation for the accumulation of cognitive and non-cognitive skills.  They have also shown to be one of the highest-return socio-economic interventions available (Heckman, 2014...

    5 Oct 2017 | Andrea Di Miceli, Russell Toth

  • Project

    Monitoring Myanmar's electrification plan: Welfare effects and access issues

    Myanmar is in energy poverty. Venture outside Yangon or Mandalay at night and one will be mostly faced with darkness. The Government of Myanmar rightly sees electrification as a national priority for growth. The National Electrification Plan (NEP) is an ambitious plan by the government to provide access to electricity for all by 2030, up from 34% today. It aims to achieve...

    13 Sep 2017 | Nicholas Ryan, Michael Greenstone, Robin Burgess

  • Publication -

    Estimating GDP growth in Yangon using nightlights data

    We provide estimates of GDP growth in Greater Yangon between 1992 and 2013 by exploiting nightlights data. Subnational estimates were derived by calculating the elasticity of luminosity with respect to GDP for Myanmar as a whole using time series luminosity and GDP data and then converting observed luminosity values for Yangon in GDP by applying the national level...

    18 Aug 2017 | Sean Fox, Enrica Verrucci

  • Project

    Artisanal jade mining in Myanmar

    Myanmar is the largest producer of jade in the world, accounting for 95% of global supply. In 2014, one report estimated annual jade production at $31bn - almost half of Myanmar’s GDP in that year - making it by far the country’s most valuable commodity. Yet little is known about the sector and most of its value evades official records and taxation processes. Despite...

    28 Jul 2017 | Win Min, Min Zar Ni Lin, Marjanneke Vijge

  • Project

    Spillovers from special economic zones: Micro-evidence from the Myanmar

    This project proposes a novel approach to the evaluation of special economic zones (SEZs). We propose to use a combination of a detailed survey and administrative data to identify the extent, channels and constraints to spillovers between firms inside the zone and the rest of the economy outside the zone. The project builds on the unique chance to analyse the creation and...

    28 Jul 2017 | Amit Khandelwal, Matthieu Teachout, Rocco Macchiavello

  • Project

    Functional and expenditure assignments in Myanmar

    Decentralisation of fiscal power and responsibilities to sub-national governments is essential to achieve the emergence of a united federal democratic union as well as to achieve the government’s key policy objective of creating favourable economic conditions for balanced economic development across the States and Regions. Recent decentralisation reforms have empowered...

    14 Jul 2017 | Ildirim Valley, Hein Aung Kyaw

  • Project

    Local economic development in Yangon: Demand side survey

    As Yangon develops and expands, ensuring a suitable supply of jobs and economic opportunities will be important for inclusive growth. In addition, interventions and policies aimed at addressing the main barriers preventing individuals from acquiring decent work can go a long way in solving Yangon’s urban poverty challenge. To date, however, little is known about the main...

    25 May 2017 | Michael Slingsby

  • Blog post

    Yangon’s mobility crisis: A governance problem

    A mobility crisis has arisen in Yangon, Myanmar, as growth-induced congestion is slowing travel times for the city’s widely used buses, thereby incentivising car ownership and increasing traffic further. The key cause is poor governance, which manifests itself through fragmented planning, low public infrastructure investment, and a ban on motorcycles and bicycles. Home...

    8 May 2017 | Sean Fox

  • Publication - Project Report

    Local resource mobilisation: Key principles and options for reform

    2 May 2017 | Lucie Gadenne, Andrea Smurra