Showing all Projects in Myanmar

  • Project

    Monitoring Myanmar's electrification plan: Welfare effects and access issues

    Myanmar is in energy poverty. Venture outside Yangon or Mandalay at night and one will be mostly faced with darkness. The Government of Myanmar rightly sees electrification as a national priority for growth. The National Electrification Plan (NEP) is an ambitious plan by the government to provide access to electricity for all by 2030, up from 34% today. It aims to achieve...

    13 Sep 2017 | Nicholas Ryan, Michael Greenstone, Robin Burgess

  • Project

    Artisanal jade mining in Myanmar

    Myanmar is the largest producer of jade in the world, accounting for 95% of global supply. In 2014, one report estimated annual jade production at $31bn - almost half of Myanmar’s GDP in that year - making it by far the country’s most valuable commodity. Yet little is known about the sector and most of its value evades official records and taxation processes. Despite...

    28 Jul 2017 | Win Min, Min Zar Ni Lin, Marjanneke Vijge

  • Project

    Spillovers from special economic zones: Micro-evidence from the Myanmar

    This project proposes a novel approach to the evaluation of special economic zones (SEZs). We propose to use a combination of a detailed survey and administrative data to identify the extent, channels and constraints to spillovers between firms inside the zone and the rest of the economy outside the zone. The project builds on the unique chance to analyse the creation and...

    28 Jul 2017 | Amit Khandelwal, Matthieu Teachout, Rocco Macchiavello

  • Project

    Functional and expenditure assignments in Myanmar

    Decentralisation of fiscal power and responsibilities to sub-national governments is essential to achieve the emergence of a united federal democratic union as well as to achieve the government’s key policy objective of creating favourable economic conditions for balanced economic development across the States and Regions. Recent decentralisation reforms have empowered...

    14 Jul 2017 | Ildirim Valley, Hein Aung Kyaw

  • Project

    Local economic development in Yangon: Demand side survey

    As Yangon develops and expands, ensuring a suitable supply of jobs and economic opportunities will be important for inclusive growth. In addition, interventions and policies aimed at addressing the main barriers preventing individuals from acquiring decent work can go a long way in solving Yangon’s urban poverty challenge. To date, however, little is known about the main...

    25 May 2017 | Michael Slingsby

  • Project

    Myanmar's remittance economy

    Economic challenges within Myanmar over the past half-century have led to a large emigration of workers to neighbouring countries such as Thailand. Here economic opportunities are greater, wages higher, and demand for less skilled labour larger – all acting as pull factors for migrants. As a result, Myanmar has become the largest migration source country in the Greater...

    22 Mar 2017 | Randall Akee, Devesh Kapur

  • Project

    Organisational structure of trade unions in Myanmar

    Healthy industrial relations, or peaceful negotiations between workers and employers based on mutual benefits, is a key factor for sustained productivity growth. In developing countries, industrial relations are relatively immature, and issues of industrial disputes and strikes are becoming huge political concerns. However, little is known about industrial relations and...

    26 Jan 2017 | Rocco Macchiavello, Mari Tanaka, Sindy Li

  • Project

    Extractive industries in Myanmar: Fostering development without fomenting conflict

    Extractive industries are an important source of economic activity in many poor countries. Mining projects provide direct investment in rural areas, infrastructure development, employment, and increased tax revenues. Poor and post-conflict countries struggle to borrow internationally and often lack the capacity to raise money through income taxes. For these governments,...

    25 Jan 2017 | Darin Christensen, Mai Nguyen, Renard Sexton

  • Project

    Decentralisation and broader political economy

    Since 2011 Myanmar has begun a limited process of decentralisation, and there are pressures for this to be taken further. This project outlined the current level and form of fiscal and administrative decentralisation in Myanmar, and the priorities and challenges for reform. The objectives of decentralisation need to be more clearly defined, and greater attention...

    25 Jan 2017 | Paul Minoletti

  • Project

    The political economy of urban transport in Yangon, Myanmar

    Traffic congestion in Yangon is undermining the city’s economic growth potential. We found that this is the result of a dysfunctional transport system and lack of coordination of transport policy for Yangon. To tackle this, a dedicated transport agency for Greater Yangon should be created, with a mandate to maximise urban mobility. Plans for a Bus Rapid...

    21 Sep 2016 | Sean Fox