Showing all Projects in Pakistan

  • Project

    Judicial access and development: Evidence from Pakistan

    Effective justice systems can improve the living conditions of populations by addressing violations of political rights, promoting peaceful dispute resolutions, and supporting economic governance for development. Yet, three challenges affect the Judiciary in most developing countries, and specifically in Pakistan: poor access, especially for vulnerable populations;...

    14 May 2021 | Daniel Chen, Adnan Khan, Sultan Mehmood

  • Project

    Women's mobility, job search, and employment: Follow-up evidence from a randomised control trial

    Unemployment and economically inactive people are one of the biggest challenges facing urban labour markets in low-income countries. In South Asian cities, this pattern is more pronounced across gender lines with women less likely than men to participate in the labour market, even at relatively high levels of education. This project investigates the constraints on women’s...

    18 Feb 2021 | Katherine Vyborny, Erica Field

  • Project

    Countering COVID-19: Real-time data from Pakistan

    The on-going pandemic put a strain on the developed economy with a sharp collapse of GDP and mounting unemployment. Simultaneously, the fragile socio-economic structure of low and middle-income countries are extremely vulnerable to the pandemic's effects. Amongst the many constraints that local authorities face in responding to the pandemic, these countries have few...

    18 Feb 2021 | Ali Choudhary, Nicola Limodio

  • Project

    Charting Pakistan’s air quality policy landscape

    An IGC Evidence Paper on Energy & Environment (Dec 2019) states that human productivity drops by 6% on average on polluted days. It further lists Pakistanis among those severely exposed to PM2.5, one of the most harmful air pollutants. Moreover, the IGC's work on air pollution indicates that developing countries struggle to enforce environmental regulations, leading to...

    16 Feb 2021 | Sanval Nasim, Ali Habib

  • Project

    Strengthening state capacity and enhancing bureaucratic effectiveness

    Developing state capacity is essential for promoting economic growth and development. This does not only involve developing fiscal capacity of the state by improving its resource mobilization techniques but also ensuring that a well-functioning and motivated bureaucracy is in place that can deliver essential services. Over the last decade, a reasonably large literature...

    11 Jan 2021 | Zahra Mansoor, Adnan Khan

  • Project

    Leveraging energy data for better residential energy subsidy targeting

    A welfare state faces two fundamental challenges: targeting those who need support most and delivering benefits in an effective manner. In developing countries, weak data leads to poor targeting, while weak institutions lead to poor delivery. The benefits intended for the poor therefore only reach a fraction of the planned amounts. Targeting is challenging because of the...

    25 Nov 2020 | Michael Greenstone, Usman Naeem, Tim Dobermann, Robin Burgess, Faraz Hayat

  • Project

    Using spatial data for targeting the poor: Reaching the most vulnerable

    The lockdown of mega cities and the perceived trade-off between lives and livelihoods throws up immense policy challenges. We take up the social protection side of this challenge by constructing a targeting tool that pays attention to economic vulnerabilities, as well as requirements of disease containment. Our proposed tool geo-maps Karachi on the basis of electricity...

    23 Nov 2020 | Rashid Memon, Hussain Bux Mallah, Nazar Khan

  • Project

    Big push for the rural economy in Pakistan

    Approximately 42% of the labour force is employed in the agricultural sector in Pakistan. In the southern districts of Punjab, around 80% of the population lives in rural areas, 50-70% of whom are employed in the agriculture, livestock, or related sectors. However, years of low productivity and output growth rate have plagued these sectors, threatening the livelihoods of...

    1 Aug 2020 | Muhammad Farooq Naseer, Asim Khwaja, Joshua Gill, Jacob Shapiro, Ali Cheema

  • Project

    Using automated event detection to reduce data collection costs with an application to the BFRS dataset

    The project aims to replicate and extend the BFRS dataset (which measured political violence in Pakistan, based on press reporting, from 1988 to 2011) by using machine learning and algorithm techniques. Incident-level data on political violence has been analysed to study causal linkages between terrorism and economic growth. Such research aids policymakers in formulating...

    8 Jul 2020 | Ali Hasanain, Muhammad Fareed Zaffar

  • Project

    Pakistan energy consumption and participation survey

    This study addresses a core focus for IGC’s goal of promoting sustainable economic growth: what happens to the relationship between citizens and their representatives when traditional state services in large urban municipalities such as water, electricity and garbage collection are privatised? Preliminary evidence from the IGC study conducted by Haider in 2018 suggests...

    1 Jul 2020 | Erum Haider, Niloufer Siddiqui