Showing all Projects in Pakistan

  • Project

    The nexus between imports and exports product scope: Firm-level evidence from Pakistan

    This study investigates the linkages between import tariff liberation and the growth of exports in Pakistan. It will generate a descriptive and empirical evidence about the trade effect of previous tariffs cuts and also inform policymakers about the unexploited export potential that can be materialized by slashing these tariffs further.

    19 Oct 2016 | Salamat Ali, Mohammad A. Razzaque

  • Project

    Punjab Small Industries Corporation rural enterprise study

    Small scale industry in the southern Punjab could be a driver of economic growth in the region. However, policy aimed at removing growth constraints on small and cottage industries, especially those in rural areas, has been low priority. This study identified sectors among small and cottage industries with high growth potential, as policy and reform should focus on...

    25 Aug 2016 | Syed Turab Hussain, Usman Khan, Syed Hasan

  • Project

    The design of anti-poverty transfers to the ultra-poor: Asset transfers or cash transfers?

    A major challenge faced by government in low-income countries is how to reduce poverty in a sustainable way. Recent evidence suggests that the “Targeting the Ultrapoor” (TUP) program pioneered by BRAC in Bangladesh has proven very effective and portable across diverse low-income settings. As a consequence, up to 30 governments were piloting variants of TUP by the end...

    22 Aug 2016 | Imran Rasul, Orazio Attanasio, Oriana Bandiera

  • Project

    Microequity for microenterprises in Pakistan

    Traditional market based investments in microentrepreneurs are largely structured and financed through debt, or small loans. Microentrepreneurs rely heavily on micro-loans with short repayment windows. This means that profits generated are often quickly dispatched into repaying outstanding loans, rather than reinvested into growing a business. Relying exclusively on...

    6 Jul 2016 | Simon Quinn, Muhammad Meki

  • Project

    Impact of leadership and negotiation training on politician performance

    Elected local governments are the first point of contact between the citizen and the state. Their performance matters for effective service delivery, rule of law and trust of citizen in the state. However constraints in terms of soft skills may hinder their performance. In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, a new layer of governance in the form of village councils has been...

    14 Jun 2016 | Saad Gulzar, Yasir Khan

  • Project

    Gender mainstreaming in productive sectors of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

    In Reclaiming Prosperity in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa – A Medium Term Strategy for Inclusive Growth (2015) four priority growth sectors for Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) were identified: industry (manufacturing and construction); agriculture and livestock; mining; and tourism. Several growth drivers and challenges were also identified and the overall investment climate was analysed....

    8 Apr 2016 | Aroona Kamal, Lauren Woodbury

  • Project

    Pilot study on effect of political influence connections on tax payment compliance

    Limits to fiscal capacity are a major constraint on growth in developing economies. This pilot was conducted as a collection of multiple, parallel scoping exercises that explored the viability of using different data streams to answer the question of whether and to what extent connections with influential people in political, military or bureaucratic circles impact...

    7 Apr 2016 | Asim Khwaja, Monica Singhal, Adnan Khan

  • Project

    Outsourcing state capacity: A field experiment in Pakistan

    Effective state institutions are known to be important for growth. At the same time, a large proportion of donor assistance and public service spending is now channelled through non- government organisations (NGOs). This raises issues of how these institutions interact with the traditional institutions of the state: do they complement the development of effective state...

    25 Feb 2016 | Naved Hamid, Simon Quinn, Katherine Vyborny, Hamna Ahmed, Asha Gul

  • Project

    A model for forecasting and policy analysis in Pakistan: The role of government and external sectors

    The State Bank of Pakistan uses a forecasting and policy analysis system as a tool for monetary policy analysis. This project extended the current model to add analysis of fiscal policy and the external sector. Adding these areas for analysis to the model is important because fiscal policy exerts an important influence on the formulation of monetary policy in...

    25 Feb 2016 | Ehsan U. Choudhri, Farooq Pasha , Waqas Ahmed, Shahzad Ahmad, Abdullah Tahir

  • Project

    Export concentration and diversification: Does the choice of trading partners matter?  

    Exports of most developing economics including Pakistan are highly concentrated in a few industrial sectors and a few destination markets. This lack of diversification of products and markets is one of the barriers that impedes growth and creates multiple macro-economic challenges. If exports are not diversified, any shock affecting the destination markets is directly...

    25 Feb 2016 | Salamat Ali, Shafqat Ali Khan Niazi