Showing all content in Rwanda

  • Project

    Regional (dis)integration in the East African Community

    Two forms of regional trade agreements are free trade areas and customs unions. In a free trade area, members liberalise trade with each other, but each country sets its own tariffs for imports originating from non-members of the agreement. A customs union goes one step further: members negotiate and adopt a uniform tariff schedule called a Common External Tariff (CET),...

    11 Jan 2021 | Jakob Rauschendorfer, Anna Twum

  • Publication - Working Paper

    The commercial real estate market in the city of Kigali

    City of Kigali commissioned a review of the Kigali Master Plan in 2018-2019, which was then conducted by urban planning company Surbana Jurong. As part of this review the City requested that a number of baseline studies are done to inform the review, of which this study, which covers commercial real estate, is one. The objective of the project is to present a range of...

    7 Jan 2021 | Dickson Malunda, Martin Ruzima, Jonathan Bower

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Jobs in a crisis: Principles of effective public employment programmes

    This brief outlines the role of public employment programmes (PEPs) in overall economic crisis response with reference to the COVID-19 pandemic. Unemployment has spiked in developing countries, due to COVID-19 mitigation measures, such as national lockdowns and the indirect effects of the economic global shock from the pandemic. PEPs often form part of...

    20 Nov 2020 | Jonathan Bower, Adia Umulisa, Twivwe Siwale, Veronica Masubo, Joevas Asare, Clément Imbert

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Digital information channels in the Rwandan potato value chain

    The potential of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to provide smallholder farmers with useful agronomic and market information is widely heralded. Mobile phones can offer much richer modes of communication sharing, but in many parts of the world limited digital literacy, use of smart phones, and poor data connectivity can constrain this potential. ...

    13 Oct 2020 | Ram Fishman, Daniel Bjorkegren, Michael Kremer

  • Blog post

    Overcrowding and pandemic risk hotspots in Rwanda

    Proximity between people, otherwise known as population density, is the foundation of prosperity and productivity in cities. There is no empirical link between the spread of COVID-19 risk and city population density. However, when population density is not well managed and becomes overcrowding, the risk of COVID-19 and other contagious diseases, rises. The COVID-19...

    12 Oct 2020 | Jonathan Bower, Anirudh Rajashekar

  • Publication - Project Report

    Densification without contagion? Overcrowding and pandemic risk hotspots in Rwanda

    In this paper, we estimate the location of overcrowding hotspots in Kigali and five secondary cities in Rwanda using a variant of the methodology used recently by the World Bank in Mumbai, Kinshasa and Greater Cairo. This is of interest for three key reasons. First, whilst overcrowding is an imperfect proxy for the type of close interpersonal contact that spreads...

    12 Oct 2020 | Anirudh Rajashekar, Jonathan Bower

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    The impact of scaling up electric motorbikes in Rwanda

    Approximately one in five trips in Kigali are taken by petrol-fuelled motorcycle taxis, contributing to poor air quality, high demand for imported fuel, and rising Green House Gas emissions that contribute to climate change. This brief analyses the potential impact of scaling up the use of electric motorbikes to 100% (as a proportion of all motorbike taxis) in Kigali...

    24 Aug 2020 | Andrew Sudmant, Egide Kalisa, Jonathan Bower

  • Project

    Mapping urban pandemic risk hotspots and overcrowding in Rwanda

    As Rwanda's COVID-19 count enters a period of relative stability due to a highly effective public health response, policymakers are turning their attention to the best way to lift social-distancing restrictions in a manner that allows businesses and social engagements to resume while simultaneously ensuring adequate public health. Key questions for the government in...

    6 Aug 2020 | Anirudh Rajashekar, Jonathan Bower

  • Blog post

    Rwanda’s response to COVID-19 and future challenges

    Containment efforts have been effective; however, an impending global recession means the economic impacts of the pandemic will continue to be felt. In Rwanda, as of 19 May 2020, there have been 297 cases of COVID-19, of which 94 are active. There have been no deaths. These statistics are remarkable for the low number of cases and the fact that there have been no deaths so...

    19 May 2020 | Jonathan Bower, Derek Apell, Anna Twum, Adia Umulisa

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    A road map for e-mobility transition in Rwanda

    Electric vehicles (EV) are gaining popularity among both governments and the private sector globally as an energy efficient mobility technology and the Government of Rwanda (GoR) embraces the fact that their expansion is now inevitable, as they aim to scale up their nascent e-moto industry. The researchers recommend e-mobility be implemented in the context of a wider...

    13 May 2020 | Jitendra Bajpai, Jonathan Bower