Showing all Projects in Rwanda

  • Project

    A comparative analysis of the coffee value chain

    The vast majority of the world’s poor are employed in agriculture (see, e.g., World Bank (2008)). Promoting exports of agricultural products and linking farmers to global markets, therefore, has the potential to reduce poverty. At the same time, it is argued by many that market imperfections along agricultural value chains and unfair conditions in global market prevent...

    2 Oct 2015 | Arthur Blouin, Rocco Macchiavello, Pepita Miquel Florensa, Ameet Morjaria

  • Project

    Services, firm performance, and exports

    Recent research has analysed the links between services sector trade and investment policies and the impact of liberalisation of services trade barriers on the productivity of manufacturing. Francois and Hoekman (2010) and Christen, Francois, and Hoekman (2013) survey much of the extant literature in this area. This direction of research has revealed that sector-level...

    4 Sep 2015 | Bernard Hoekman, Ben Shepherd

  • Project

    Regional value chains in East Africa

    Since the mid-1990's, many East African countries have enjoyed relatively high economic growth rates and made substantial progress in poverty reduction. Nevertheless, firm productivity remains low across sectors, and the region remains highly dependent upon foreign aid as a source of foreign exchange. Trade flows remain low in East Africa relative to other world regions,...

    28 May 2015 | Gary Gereffi, Andrew Guinn, Ajmal Abdulsamad, Jack Daly

  • Project

    The role of government in sustaining transport mobility and accessibility in Rwanda

    The need to avoid congestion blighting efficiency is the greatest challenge to business development in Rwanda Journey times and costs as well as rapid urbanisation pose a significant impediment to business productivity IGC researchers suggested a number of ways to improve policies and implementation Journey times and costs as well as rapid urbanisation...

    22 Apr 2015 | Jit Bajpai

  • Project

    Financing the expansion and delivery of urban services

    Growing cities have the potential to raise productivity in Rwanda and accelerate reductions in poverty. However, to do so, municipalities will have to raise revenue to finance urban infrastructure and services. This paper analyses policy options for increasing municipal revenues to finance urbanisation. The researchers recommend changes to the property tax...

    22 Apr 2015 | Mihaly Kopanyi

  • Project

    Government support for low income housing in Kigali

    Affordable housing for the (majority) low income population, will be key to successful urbanisation in Rwanda This study analysed the Government’s draft Ministerial Instructions regarding government support for low cost housing development The researchers made specific recommendations to deliver affordability for occupiers and attractiveness for...

    22 Apr 2015 | Robert Buckley

  • Project

    Comments on the draft Investment Incentives Law

    The investment incentives law is pivotal to the Rwandan government’s aims of boosting FDI The IGC was asked to comment on the draft investment incentives law to ensure it was well aligned with international best practice The researchers found that the law was strong although some key amendments were suggested The comments were read and received by...

    22 Apr 2015 | Eric Verhoogen, Beata Smarzynska Javorcik, Michele Savini Zangrandi, Mario Chacon

  • Project

    Local revenue reform in Rwanda: Property tax

    Efficient tax collection is essential to service delivery yet implementing an effective property tax policy remains a challenge for the Rwandan government This project analysed Rwanda’s draft property tax law, recommending measures to improve both policy and implementation Researchers recommended a ‘mass valuation’ of all properties and a focus on...

    22 Apr 2015 | Mihaly Kopanyi

  • Project

    Evaluation of electronic billing machines: Effectiveness of tax administration

    Increasing domestic revenues is key to reducing reliance on aid but VAT collection in Rwanda has slowed recently This study investigated whether new Electronic Billing Machines (EBMs) could increase VAT receipts The study finds that (government-mandated) EBM usage increases VAT receipts by on average 5.4% The revenue authority are using the study to...

    22 Apr 2015 | Andrew Zeitlin, Nada Eissa

  • Project

    Fully washed coffee exports in Rwanda: Market structure and policy implications

    By doubling the proportion of coffee exported as fully washed, Rwanda could increase coffee exports by 10-20% The study surveyed farmers and washing station owners, to understand constraints to the washed coffee sector The researchers suggested a system of value chain financing to relieve finance constraints The paper informed the revision of the...

    18 Feb 2015 | Rocco Macchiavello, Ameet Morjaria