Showing all Projects in Rwanda

  • Project

    Rwanda’s Private Sector and the EAC: Harnessing the EAC for Growth

    Small markets like Rwanda tend to produce small firms, and helping small firms to become large firms requires making use of international markets.  Trade has allowed the Netherlands to become home to world-wide giants such as Philips and Royal Dutch Shell, and Switzerland to give birth to Nestle and Brown Boveri. Trade allows firms to reap productivity gains through...

    4 Nov 2014 | Laura Collinson

  • Project

    Price Incentives To Rwanda’s Exporters: Trade Policy Priorities

    The current EAC-CET is imposing costs on Rwanda, weighing down export performance and growth, and raising prices for Rwandan consumers. This is in addition to the constraints imposed by Non-Tariff Barriers (NTBs) and transport costs. Rwanda can reduce these costs through negotiations with the EAC, particularly advocating changes in the common external tariff based on...

    4 Nov 2014 | Jonathan Argent

  • Project

    The EAC Common External Tariff (CET) and Rwanda

    A major pillar of Rwanda’s economic policy, beginning with its Vision 2020 document of 2000, has been to work toward deeper integration into regional and international markets. It took a major step forward on this front with its membership in the East African Community (EAC) in 2007, and then with its implementation of the Common External Tariff (CET) of the EAC on July...

    20 Oct 2014 | Garth Frazer

  • Project

    Diffusion of Technologies within Social Networks: Evidence from a Coffee Training Program in Rwanda

    Coffee is one of Rwanda’s major exports but coffee production is dominated by small producers. Finding ways to improve yields could help small‐scale farmers shift out of subsistence farming into more profitable activities. Assuming that knowledge deficits are the main hindrance to the adoption of productivity‐enhancing agronomic practices, training on agricultural...

    4 Sep 2014 | Esther Duflo, Tavneet Suri

  • Project

    Social networks, phone money transfers, and rainfall shocks: evidence from Rwanda

    Social networks can help people deal with shocks. Much of the existing evidence focuses on risk sharing within small, local communities. When an entire community is affected by a massive shock, local social networks are often unable to cope. This research documents how a new technology is being used to share risk quickly over relatively long distances. Using detailed data...

    4 Sep 2014 | Marcel Fafchamps, Nathan Eagle, Joshua Blumenstock

  • Project

    Pre-conditions for a successful monetary union

    Adverse asymmetric shocks within a monetary union pose a serious problem to jobs and production if prices and wages are rigid and capital and labour are immobile. For a small open economy like Rwanda, the most important price is the value of the Rwandan franc. Even though prices and wages are flexible in Rwanda, the inability to adjust the exchange rate if it were in a...

    3 Sep 2014 | Dick Durevall, Richard Newfarmer, Måns Söderbom

  • Project

    Competition within EAC telecommunications markets

    Rwanda has seen explosive growth in mobile telecommunications over the past decade. Uptake of mobile communications has grown from less than 100,000 subscribers in 2003 to more than 4 million today, with annual growth in the market in the double digits for most of the past decade. The market for mobile telephony is currently served by two firms: MTN and Rwandatel. Rwanda...

    3 Sep 2014 | Neil Polgorelsky, Jonathan Argent

  • Project

    Imports in a Low-Income Country

    International trade has been an integral part of every successful development strategy. This research project will focus on the benefit of imports, and whether imports provide low-income countries with access to high-quality or high-technology goods, which enable an expansion in their firm capabilities. The research will include exploration of the benefit of import trade...

    1 Mar 2014 | Garth Frazer

  • Project

    Revenue and Welfare Consideration to Help the EAC Conclude a Full EPA with the EU

    At the end of the Cotonou Partnership Agreement, its members agreed to put in place a WTO-compatible free trade area. WTO-compatibility implies that 90% of the bilateral trade between the European Union (EU) and the Africa-Caribbean-Pacific (ACP) countries would have to be duty free and quota free within a reasonable (unspecified) period (e.g., 80% duty-free for ACP...

    1 Oct 2013 | Jaime de Melo, Julie Regolo

  • Project

    Options for PIT indexation

    This report evaluates the need for and effect of personal income tax indexation in Rwanda, including an assessment of the effect of changing the number of tax brackets. Using data from social security declarations lodged with the Rwanda Social Security Board (RSSB), this report focuses on the effect of PIT on total tax return in addition to changes in the net income...

    1 Jun 2013 | Lennart Flood