Showing all Projects in Tanzania

  • Project

    Urbanisation, growth, and poverty reduction: The role of secondary towns

    Researchers find that secondary towns are better at reducing poverty than mega cities and believe this is a result of their closer proximity to the rural poor. The push to middle-income status, which Tanzania aspires to, cannot be driven purely by concentrating on growth engines in the largest cities. Carefully thought-through secondary town development...

    28 Jul 2015 | Luc Christiaensen, Joachim De Weerdt

  • Project

    The impact of clean stoves on charcoal consumption in urban Africa: Evidence from a randomised controlled trial in Tanzania

    A large proportion of households in urban areas of Africa use charcoal as a main source of energy for cooking. The use of biomass fuel like charcoal has been documented to be one of the prime drivers of deforestation and forest degradation in African countries. Between 2001 and 2007, a period during which Tanzania experienced rapid economic growth, the proportion of...

    19 Mar 2015 | Yonas Alem, Peter Berck, Randall Bluffstone , Remidius Ruhinduka

  • Project

    Population growth, internal migration, and urbanisation in Tanzania - Phase 2

    The aim of this project is to make use of the migration and urbanisation propensities obtained in Phase 1 to shed light on what is driving migration and urbanisation in Tanzania, thereby providing a stronger evidential basis for policies affecting internal migration and urbanisation. Specifically, Phase 2 aims to investigate how regions with high rural out-migration differ...

    13 Feb 2015 | Hugh Wenban-Smith

  • Project

    Impact of property rights in urban Tanzania: the role of infrastructure

    Formalising land rights is one market-based tool to alleviate poverty, thought to reduce expropriation risk, encourage investment  and, by enabling the collateral value of land, giving property owners increased access to credit. Despite these assumptions, few studies have examined the impact of property rights interventions in urban areas, particularly in Sub-Saharan...

    10 Oct 2014 | Stefan Dercon, Andrew Zeitlin, Klaus Deininger

  • Project

    Powering small business: Understanding the impact of solar energy under different pricing schemes

    587 million people, roughly 69.5% of the population, lack access to electricity in Sub-Saharan Africa. Retailers with poor access to electricity have limited means to keep their shops open at night. This limits their ability to operate during evening hours and reach customers who might be at work during the day. Solutions like kerosene do a poor job of lighting the room and...

    10 Oct 2014 | Tavneet Suri, Billy Jack

  • Project

    Economic Impact of Urban Property Rights in Tanzania: The Role of Infrastructure

    Formalising land rights is thought to reduce expropriation risk, encourage investment  and, by enabling the collateral value of land, giving property owners increased access to credit. Despite these assumptions, few studies have examined the impact of property rights interventions in urban areas, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. Furthermore, while formal land titling is...

    10 Oct 2014 | Christopher Adam, Stefan Dercon, Andrew Zeitlin, Justin Sandefur, Daniel Ayalew Ali

  • Project

    Transportation Costs, Food Markets, and Structural Transformation in Tanzania

    The growing wealth of nations has, throughout history, been associated the movement of people off the land, out of subsistence agriculture and into more dynamic forms of economic activity, in large-scale agriculture, in export-oriented manufacturing and in the services sector.  Underpinning this transformation is rising productivity in agriculture which provides for both...

    10 Oct 2014 | Christopher Adam, David Bevan, Douglas Gollin, Beatrice Kalinda Mkenda

  • Project

    Displacement and urbanisation: Assessing the levels of vulnerability of the refugee and urban slum populations in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

    The majority of the world’s population now live in urban areas, but the inability to plan and manage rapid urban growth in the context of economic and social development constitutes a failure of governance which is increasingly manifest as a humanitarian challenge through large-scale disasters. Assessing the vulnerability of refugee groups attempting to meet their...

    4 Sep 2014 | Aisling O’Loghlen

  • Project

    Growth and Informality in Urban Africa

    Tanzania and Ghana have both seen improvements in their growth rates and, in the case of Ghana, a halving of the poverty rate between 1991 and 2005. Yet a common trend in both countries has been the growth in informality in the labour force. Growth has occurred but this has not led to a structural transformation of the economy from small scale to larger scale activities....

    4 Sep 2014 | Francis Teal

  • Project

    Population growth, internal migration and urbanisation in Tanzania - Phase 1

    The aim of this project is to obtain a better understanding of the interaction between population growth, internal migration and urbanisation in Tanzania, and their relationship to the changing structure of the economy from soon after independence to the present day. The aims of this first phase were: to obtain from the 2012 census the best possible data on the number,...

    4 Sep 2014 | Hugh Wenban-Smith