Showing all Projects in Tanzania

  • Project

    Decentralised pricing with motivated agents: Evidence from Tanzania

    A central assumption in economic models is that agents make choices that maximise their own utility and profit. A growing literature has, however, highlighted that in many instances agents appear to make choices that are inconsistent with profit maximisation. This project focuses on the market for publicly subsidised livestock vaccines in Tanzania. The Tanzanian...

    28 Sep 2016 | Florian Blum

  • Project

    Sustainable electricity pricing in Tanzania

    This project provided a brief summary of the history and detailed situational analysis of the energy sector in Tanzania. It was structured around two key questions: For a country anticipating a significant increase over the next 3-5 years in the supply of low-cost feedstock for electricity generation and given that high cost and poor availability of electricity is the...

    18 Aug 2016 | Donna Peng, Rahmatallah Poudineh

  • Project

    The cost of road construction in rural Tanzania: Random audits and contractor performance

    Cost effective infrastructure construction is a major concern in low income countries. Infrastructure is lacking: only 30% of roads in the average low-income country are paved, and only 3% in Tanzania.  Evidence suggests that low income countries are further getting poor value for money in road construction and maintenance: road costs are positively correlated with...

    14 Jun 2016 | Sam Asher, Martina Kirchberger, Paul Novosad

  • Project

    Equity finance for SMEs

    Access to affordable long-term finance is one of the biggest barriers to development of small and medium enterprises. Growth oriented small and medium enterprises face a momentous challenge of raising capital.  Debt finance is not only expensive and difficult to get, but also inconvenient given the relatively short maturities of loans. Equity finance offers an opportunity...

    4 Jan 2016 | Donath Olomi, Neema Mori

  • Project

    From the bottom up: Firm capabilities and the 'in-between' sector in Tanzania

    Recent employment growth and an increase in labour productivity in Tanzania has been driven by the non-farm MSME sector. By using newly released data, like the first MSME Survey conducted in Tanzania, this project found the bulk of productivity growth in the MSME sector can be attributed to a select few firms – the so-called ‘in-between’ sector. These...

    18 Nov 2015 | Margaret McMillan, Hazel Gray

  • Project

    Transport costs and fertiliser adoption in Tanzania

    Agricultural yields in Sub-Saharan Africa are low and have remained stagnant for decades, even while yields in other regions like South Asia increased substantially following the Green Revolution. A primary explanation for this fact is that the adoption of technologies like chemical fertiliser is lower in Africa than in other parts of the developing world (World Bank 2008)....

    5 Oct 2015 | Shilpa Aggarwal, Brian Giera, Jonathan Robinson, Alan Spearot

  • Project

    Tanzania: Impact of low-cost urban land tenure formalisation

    At close to 80%, Tanzania has one of the highest levels of urban informality world-wide. Informal land rights in urban areas are a major obstacle for sustainable urbanisation in a number of ways, in particular by (i) undermining the scope for generation of own-source revenue by local governments; (ii) raising the costs and reducing the benefits of forward-looking urban...

    5 Oct 2015 | Klaus Deininger, Daniel Ayalew Ali, Justin Sandefur

  • Project

    Rural electrification: The potential and limitations of solar power

    National grids in many African countries still struggle to provide reliable electricity to many of their citizens, especially in rural areas. Decentralised, small-scale solar panels have been proposed as one solution to the electrical impasse many rural communities in Sub-Saharan Africa currently face. This project provides much needed experimental evidence both on...

    4 Sep 2015 | Anna Aevarsdottir, Nick Barton , Tessa Bold

  • Project

    Urbanisation, growth, and poverty reduction: The role of secondary towns

    Researchers find that secondary towns are better at reducing poverty than mega cities and believe this is a result of their closer proximity to the rural poor. The push to middle-income status, which Tanzania aspires to, cannot be driven purely by concentrating on growth engines in the largest cities. Carefully thought-through secondary town development...

    28 Jul 2015 | Luc Christiaensen, Joachim De Weerdt

  • Project

    The impact of clean stoves on charcoal consumption in urban Africa: Evidence from a randomised controlled trial in Tanzania

    A large proportion of households in urban areas of Africa use charcoal as a main source of energy for cooking. The use of biomass fuel like charcoal has been documented to be one of the prime drivers of deforestation and forest degradation in African countries. Between 2001 and 2007, a period during which Tanzania experienced rapid economic growth, the proportion of...

    19 Mar 2015 | Yonas Alem, Peter Berck, Randall Bluffstone , Remidius Ruhinduka