Showing all Projects in Zambia

  • Project

    The impact of infrastructure improvement on urban life quality and firm output

    Zambia has embarked on an aggressive agenda of road-building in its bid for growth over the past couple of decades. Since landlocked countries tend to grow more slowly due to reduced openness to trade, infrastructure development is particularly critical for growth. Research shows that after reaching a certain level of infrastructure capacity, the continued construction...

    16 Aug 2019 | Cong Peng

  • Project

    Exploring scalable, efficient innovations to improve tax compliance among MSMEs

    In Zambia, tax compliance rates are very low, especially among the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs). Concerns have been raised by some MSMEs that the current institutions, modes, and approaches employed in taxing MSMEs are outdated, costly, or otherwise cumbersome. The objective of this research project is to explore the possible barriers to and solutions for...

    25 Sep 2018 | Dan Pemstein, Brigitte Seim, Twivwe Siwale

  • Project

    The spatial distribution of health services in Zambia

    While a lack of resources has been identified as a major issue in the health sector in many developing countries, little is known about misallocation of health resources within countries as a hindrance to health care provision. Existing evidence on the distribution of health workers across regions in African countries points towards large spatial imbalances and some have...

    20 Aug 2018 | Torsten Figueiredo Walter

  • Project

    Personal income taxation in Zambia

    Context and primary motivation Direct taxes, including turnover and PIT, represent an important share of total tax collection in Zambia. While this testifies to the strong initial enforcement capacity of the Zambia Revenue Authority (ZRA), there remain important sources of non-compliance in direct taxes. In particular, an important source of non-compliance is the failure...

    12 Jan 2018 | Anders Jensen

  • Project

    Urban informality, tax compliance, and accountability in Zambia

    What drives tax compliance among informal sector workers in Africa? And does taxation strengthen accountability between governments and the informal sector? These questions are hugely important in Africa for a number of reasons. First, the informal sector plays a critical role in contributing to structural transformation, particularly by facilitating production and...

    18 Sep 2017 | Danielle Resnick

  • Project

    Economic growth, inequality and poverty: Estimating the growth elasticity of poverty in Zambia

    Zambia's economy has experienced strong growth in recent years, with real GDP growth in the period 2005-13 averaging more than 6% annually. However, despite this impressive economic growth, reducing poverty and economic inequality has proved challenging. This is evident from the fact that 60% of the population currently live below the poverty line and 42% are considered to...

    14 Aug 2017 | Chrispin Mphuka, Oliver Kaonga

  • Project

    Formalisation of artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) through taxation: The case of Zambia

    In sub-Saharan Africa, few economic activities have been more overlooked than artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) – low-tech, labour-intensive mineral extraction and processing. This has been a significant oversight, given the sector's growing economic importance: it employs an estimated 30 million people directly worldwide; creates jobs for an additional 300 million...

    24 May 2017 | Gavin Hilson, Agatha Siwale, Godfrey Hampwaye

  • Project

    Property taxation, capital gains tax, and mining rights tax in Zambia: Current performance and options for reform

    The Government of Zambia has been undertaking series of tax reform measures since 2010 with the aim to broaden the tax base and increase revenue while promoting voluntary compliance by taxpayers. Among such measures relevant to this project include the increase in the property transfer rates from 3% to 5%; reform in the fiscal regime for mining companies, which entails...

    6 Feb 2017 | Samuel Jibao

  • Project

    Willingness and affordability to pay for improved electricity supply reliability in Zambia

    Zambia has had one of the world’s fastest growing economies for the past 10 years, with real GDP growth averaging 6.4% per annum between 2010 and 2014. Electricity demand has also increased by about 4% per annum since 2000. However, electricity generation capacity has not kept up with demand and as a result the Zambian electricity sector is employing costly emergency...

    1 Feb 2017 | Bothwell Batidzirai, Jiska de Groot, Louise Tait

  • Project

    Maternal mortality risk and gender gap in desired fertility

    High rates of urbanisation generate both positive and negative externalities in developing countries. While urbanisation is linked to productivity and economic growth, it places a strain on the already meager public infrastructure, leaving the housing, health, and education needs of the urban poor largely unmet. In Zambia, 36% of the population resides in urban cities and,...

    9 Jan 2017 | Nava Ashraf, Alessandra Voena, Erica Field