Showing all Projects

  • Project

    Trade facilitation and informal cross border trade

    Informal cross border trade (ICBT) – trade activities which are unrecorded in official trade statistics – is pervasive in Africa. Economic theory suggests that the presence of informal trade depends on the relative costs of trading informally and formally (Golub, 2015; Eberhard-Ruiz & Moradi, 2018). Some of the factors spurring informal trade are expensive document...

    16 Jul 2019 | Jade Siu

  • Project

    Tanzania Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises Map

    Despite evidence of the contribution of fast-growing micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs) to private sector growth and economic transformation, academic studies and policymakers have struggled to effectively identify and support these high-growth MSMEs. The reality is that much of our understanding of the MSME sector comes from information drawn from low- or...

    24 May 2019 | Margaret McMillan, Cynthia Kinnan

  • Project

    Women’s experiences of agency and mobility in the megacity of Karachi and their labour force participation

    Economic growth in South Asia is associated with employment, and improved job quality in particular. However, employment rates in South Asia overtime have remained stubborn and below those in other regions, largely attributed to persistently low female employment and participation rates (Nayar et al. 2012). Female youth labour force participation (LFP) rates in South Asia...

    30 Apr 2019 | Asad Sayeed, Natasha Ansari

  • Project

    The political economy of power outages in Ghana: New measures and analysis

    Access to energy is crucial for economic growth. While global attention has focused heavily on increasing access, an under-recognised constraint in many countries is poor reliability of electricity supply. This project introduces a new measure of power supply reliability and outages based upon temporal variations in nighttime light output. This work builds upon ongoing...

    17 Apr 2019 | Brian Min

  • Project

    Rapid response to Pakistan’s Task Force on Energy Reforms

    Pakistan’s power sector is in deep need of reform. The sector suffers from chronic shortages not because of a lack of supply but due to the financial woes of the distribution companies operating throughout Pakistan. Of the electricity sold for use across the country, only 71% is recovered through bills. Such large losses risk collapsing the sector if left...

    17 Apr 2019 | Robin Burgess, Tim Dobermann, Michael Greenstone, Faraz Hayat, Usman Naeem

  • Project

    Managing agricultural risk in Mozambique

    Mozambique is primarily an agricultural economy with 81% of its population engaged in agriculture, which accounts for 32% of its GDP. “There are now 400 extreme weather events every year, four times as many as in 1970” (The Economist, 2017). The direct costs of these extreme events in the form of lost lives, assets, and habitat are evident. For farmers in...

    16 Apr 2019 | Alex Armand, Joseph Flavian Gomes, Ivan Kim Taveras

  • Project

    Search and matching frictions for day labourers

    The majority of households living in extreme poverty receive some income from causal day labour, picking up short jobs, typically 1-5 days, in construction, agriculture or manual labour. In South Asia, this is even starker, with 98% of households living below $1 a day engaging in casual labour. This labour market is characterized by low pay, short contracts, fixed wages...

    20 Mar 2019 | Christina Brown

  • Project

    Property taxation with flat rate systems in Tanzania

    The property tax system that the Tanzania Revenue Authority (TRA) inherited has a low proportion of total properties registered and an even smaller proportion valuated. It uses a valuation method that is regressive, expensive and significantly undervalues properties, and the effective tax rates are minuscule once true property value is taken into account. A flat tax...

    26 Feb 2019 | Mihaly Kopanyi, Tamim Amijee

  • Project

    Understanding unplanned settlement dynamics in the city of Kigali

    Kigali is Rwanda’s main urban centre and accommodates about half the urban population. Rapid urban growth in Kigali has led to the development of unplanned settlements. Unplanned areas, characterised by inferior living conditions such as limited access to infrastructure, limited plot accessibility, and rudimentary housing construction-materials, pose a long-term risk to...

    20 Feb 2019 | Patrick Hitayezu, Anirudh Rajashekar, Dimitri Stoelinga

  • Project

    Informal taxation and revenue mobilisation in Myanmar

    Taxation is essential to provide governments with the funds needed to deliver the public goods and services necessary for the social and economic development of a country. However, in Myanmar, the levels of formal taxation are among the lowest in the world, according to the IMF. These low levels are the subject of regularly commentary in the public sphere, often accompanied...

    7 Feb 2019 | Jared Bissinger