Showing all Projects

  • Project

    COVID-19 and the value of relationships in informal economies

    Governments in many developing countries have put in place restrictions to economic activity and mobility to curb the spread of the coronavirus. This is true also in Uganda, where public transport and non-essential businesses were closed from early April to June. While firms were closed, there were reports of workers leaving cities and traveling back to their home villages....

    18 Feb 2021 | Vittorio Bassi, Esau Tugume, Ritwika Sen, Tommaso Porzio

  • Project

    Spatial analysis of firm productivity in Ghana: Misallocation versus market power

    There is mounting evidence, especially for developing countries, that resources are often not allocated to their optimal use. This manifests itself in a failure of first-order conditions to hold, such that the marginal (social) benefit of a production factor is not equated to its marginal cost. Such misallocation is often interpreted as resulting from frictions or market...

    18 Feb 2021 | Johannes Van Biesebroeck, Emmanuel Mensah

  • Project

    Estimating income losses and consequences of the COVID-19 crisis in Uganda

    COVID-19 continues to take its toll on the world and more recently, the African continent. While the continent still accounts for fewer cases or deaths, in cities such as Uganda the incidence of the disease has risen sharply. Uganda is not new to infectious diseases and has successfully battled outbreaks of Ebola, Marburg and even HIV/AIDS. Whilst COVID-19 has relatively...

    18 Feb 2021 | Nora Lustig, Stephen D. Younger

  • Project

    Charting Pakistan’s air quality policy landscape

    An IGC Evidence Paper on Energy & Environment (Dec 2019) states that human productivity drops by 6% on average on polluted days. It further lists Pakistanis among those severely exposed to PM2.5, one of the most harmful air pollutants. Moreover, the IGC's work on air pollution indicates that developing countries struggle to enforce environmental regulations, leading to...

    16 Feb 2021 | Sanval Nasim, Ali Habib

  • Project

    Salience and accessibility of disaster risk information in Mozambique

    Mozambique's coast is vulnerable to natural disasters and climate change. Quelimane, a city located by the mouth of the Rio dos Bons Sinais, is particularly exposed. Rapid population growth, due to a continuous influx of rural migrants, has resulted in an increase of informal settlements in flood-prone parts of the city. This introduced further vulnerability with poor...

    1 Feb 2021 | Stefan Leeffers

  • Project

    The selection and the making of civil servants: Evidence from China’s College Graduate Civil Services programme

    The quality, incentives, and ideologies of local civil servants greatly affect policy implementation and governance efficacy, especially in the developing world with weak formal institutions. This project aims to understand what shapes the background, preferences, attitudes, and behaviours of civil servants in rural China. Specifically, we focus on the College Graduate...

    29 Jan 2021 | David Yang

  • Project

    Formalizing informal taxation: Evidence from the D.R. Congo

    Informal taxation, which often involves contributing labour toward local public goods provision, is a frequently overlooked source of local public finance in developing countries. However, in most countries the incidence of informal taxation is regressive: poor households often contribute more work hours than better-off households, and at times the most disadvantaged...

    22 Jan 2021 | Augustin Bergeron, Gabriel Tourek, Jonathan Weigel

  • Project

    Tax evasion in customs: Firm level evidence from Uganda

    Developing countries are constrained by a lack of resources to fund growth enhancing public investments. Trade taxes are one important source of tax revenues for almost all of these economies. Uganda is no exception: In fiscal year 2017/18 revenues from import duties (tariffs) alone contributed about 8.5 percent to total tax collection. For this project we propose to...

    11 Jan 2021 | Nada Eissa, Jakob Rauschendorfer, Michael Best

  • Project

    Strengthening state capacity and enhancing bureaucratic effectiveness

    Developing state capacity is essential for promoting economic growth and development. This does not only involve developing fiscal capacity of the state by improving its resource mobilization techniques but also ensuring that a well-functioning and motivated bureaucracy is in place that can deliver essential services. Over the last decade, a reasonably large literature...

    11 Jan 2021 | Zahra Mansoor, Adnan Khan

  • Project

    A synthesis of evidence on take home rations

    According to the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4) in 2015-16, 38.4 percent of children in India under the age of five are stunted, i.e., have impaired growth and development. This rises to 41.2 percent in rural areas, ranking India 134th out of 151 countries. Devoting public resources to reducing micronutrient deficiencies in children is essential for improved health...

    11 Jan 2021 | Sudha Narayanan