Showing all Publications in Covid 19

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Firms in Ethiopia’s industrial parks: COVID-19 impacts, challenges, and government response

    The COVID-19 pandemic poses an unprecedented challenge for Ethiopia’s ambitious industrialisation agenda focused on export-oriented light manufacturing. To quantify the impacts of COVID-19 on firms in Ethiopia’s export processing zones, the World Bank Group in cooperation with the Government of Ethiopia administered a phone survey of firms. Survey data suggest...

    23 Oct 2020 | Pramila Krishnan, Eduard Krkoska, Koen Maaskant, Andualem Mengistu, Christian Meyer

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Coping with COVID 19: Protecting lives, employment, and incomes in Myanmar

    The Government of Myanmar (GoM) is quite constrained in the extent to which it can provide effective and well-targeted economic support to workers, households, and businesses. Therefore, GoM should be very cautious of introducing health measures that have a large negative impact on economic activity, employment, and incomes. Short-term employment and labour...

    23 Oct 2020 | Emanuele Brancati, Paul Minoletti, Aung Hein, Guillem Riambau

  • Publication - Project Report

    Coping with COVID-19: Protecting lives, employment, and incomes in Myanmar

    21 Oct 2020 | Emanuele Brancati, Paul Minoletti, Aung Hein, Guillem Riambau

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Informality and COVID-19 in sub-Saharan Africa

    The size, nature, and significance of the informal sector in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) have important implications for how countries are affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as how policymakers can manage the ensuing socio-economic shocks. This policy brief discusses how informality complicates the implementation of COVID-19 containment measures. It addresses...

    20 Oct 2020 | Egas Daniel, Michael Danquah, Camilla Sacchetto , Henry Telli

  • Publication - Project Report

    Densification without contagion? Overcrowding and pandemic risk hotspots in Rwanda

    In this paper, we estimate the location of overcrowding hotspots in Kigali and five secondary cities in Rwanda using a variant of the methodology used recently by the World Bank in Mumbai, Kinshasa and Greater Cairo. This is of interest for three key reasons. First, whilst overcrowding is an imperfect proxy for the type of close interpersonal contact that spreads...

    12 Oct 2020 | Anirudh Rajashekar, Jonathan Bower

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Agro-dealer and farmer COVID-19 survey: April – June 2020

    The researchers interviewed 973 crop farmers, 99 dairy farmers, and 483 agro-dealers to help assess the impacts of COVID-19 on smallholder farmers and other actors across the agricultural value chain. The researchers make several findings, including that a majority of farmers report financial distress and agro-dealers were seeing lower footfall traffic. However,...

    23 Sep 2020 | Tomoko Harigaya, Kaitlyn Turner, Hannah Timmis, Torsten Figueiredo Walter, Siyao Jessica Zhu

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    The COVID-19 impact on Ugandan supply chains: The importance of imports

    Ugandan firms do not operate in isolation: Supply chains depend on the quick supply of goods and services as inputs for productive activities. Crucially, Uganda sources these inputs both domestically as well as from foreign firms. This study first investigates the impact of COVID-19 at the outset of the pandemic on Uganda’s trade. Starting from the documented...

    18 Aug 2020 | Jakob Rauschendorfer, John Spray

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Informal traders and COVID-19 in Africa: An opportunity to strengthen the social contract

    Government policy reactions to COVID-19, and peoples’ compliance with such measures, reveal the strength of the social contract between states and their citizens. In sub-Saharan Africa, informal traders often have a weak social contract with the state, and this has exacerbated their vulnerability during the COVID-19 pandemic. This brief examines the special...

    6 Aug 2020 | Danielle Resnick, Ella Spencer, Twivwe Siwale

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Low oil prices during COVID-19 and the case for removing fuel subsidies

    Global oil prices have decreased due to a fall in demand resulting from COVID-19 containment measures. This presents a timely opportunity for removing fuel subsidies, in turn lowering the knock-on impact on citizens. The revenue gained from removing fuel subsidies could provide additional resources for governments to respond with immediate interventions to address...

    3 Aug 2020 | Joevas Asare, Mar Reguant, Moussa Saab, Camilla Sacchetto

  • Publication - Growth Brief

    Do social assistance programmes reach the poor? Micro-evidence from 123 countries

    Governments around the world rely on social assistance to reduce poverty, but the poorest are left behind. There has been a sharp reduction in global poverty over the past 25 years, from 36% in 1990 to 10% in 2015. Yet, 736 million people continue to live on less than USD 1.90 a day (World Bank, 2015), most of them in middle-income countries. In recent years, the largest...

    7 Jul 2020 | Nidhi Parekh, Oriana Bandiera