Showing all Growth Brief

  • Publication - Growth Brief

    Do social assistance programmes reach the poor? Micro-evidence from 123 countries

    Governments around the world rely on social assistance to reduce poverty, but the poorest are left behind. There has been a sharp reduction in global poverty over the past 25 years, from 36% in 1990 to 10% in 2015. Yet, 736 million people continue to live on less than USD 1.90 a day (World Bank, 2015), most of them in middle-income countries. In recent years, the largest...

    7 Jul 2020 | Nidhi Parekh, Oriana Bandiera

  • Publication - Growth Brief

    Information and electoral accountability

    Do more informed voters elect more qualified candidates? Numerous studies of varying scale and context reveal mixed evidence. Evidence appears stronger for structural interventions and mass communication than for more targeted interventions. Democracy is said to give citizens agency, as elections make it possible for them to remove poorly performing politicians....

    11 Dec 2019 | Guy Grossman, Macartan Humphreys, Valerie Mueller

  • Publication - Growth Brief

    Suffocating prosperity: Air pollution and economic growth in developing countries

    Air pollution is a silent killer that imposes substantial welfare and economic costs. Yet, people and governments underinvest in clean air. Policymakers must intervene with innovative solutions. Historically, economic growth and the externalities of growth have been studied and dealt with separately. However, we are now reaching the point where the externalities of...

    5 Dec 2019 | Paulina Oliva, Matei Alexianu, Rania Nasir

  • Publication - Growth Brief

    The prospects for manufacturing-led growth in Africa’s cities

    Many African countries are urbanising rapidly despite limited growth in manufacturing. Although other sectors could spur job creation and development, much like manufacturing, they need active public policy to support urban connectivity and business scale. Although the growth of cities in Africa has been closely linked to rising incomes across the continent, many...

    1 Nov 2019 | Sebastian Kriticos, Vernon Henderson

  • Publication - Growth Brief

    Making the workplace work for women

    The traditional economic rationale for increased female labour force participation is that it benefits women directly and society indirectly. A new argument looks at how increased female labour force participation can boost aggregate economic growth and hence, benefit everyone, on average. Yet, several factors hinder women’s productive employment. This Growth Brief...

    8 Oct 2019 | Nalini Gulati, Farzana Afridi, Oriana Bandiera

  • Publication - Growth Brief

    Information and innovation in the public sector

    Bureaucrats frequently make difficult policy choices with limited information. Public service incentives to seek out quality information and schemes to lower the cost of accessing that information could transform decision-making and help support innovations that lead to growth. Through its civil service, a capable state raises revenues and provides key public goods and...

    4 Oct 2019 | Walter Brown, Daniel Rogger, Ella Spencer, Martin Williams

  • Publication - Growth Brief

    Financer les villes à croissance rapide

    Beaucoup de villes des pays en développement grandissent à un rythme sans précédent. Pour répondre à cette expansion aussi rapide que non planifiée, les autorités municipales auront intérêt à la fois à accroitre leurs sources de revenus existantes et à étudier de nouvelles options de financement pour s’adapter à une demande accrue en services...

    16 Aug 2019 | Astrid Haas, Paul Collier

  • Publication - Growth Brief

    Saving microfinance through innovative lending

    The traditional microfinance model has had limited impact on the income and productivity of borrowers. More innovative and flexible lending models can boost entrepreneurship and welfare.

    13 Mar 2019 | Vikas Dimble, Ahmed Mushfiq Mobarak

  • Publication - Growth Brief

    Filling the gap: How information can help jobseekers

    This Growth Brief presents new evidence on interventions that target gaps in labour market information. It finds interventions that certify skills are particularly effective at helping jobseekers secure higher-paying jobs.

    29 Jan 2019 | Stefano Caria, Theres Lessing

  • Publication - Growth Brief

    Value Added Tax in developing countries: Lessons from recent research

    The Value Added Tax has become one of the most important instruments of revenue mobilisation in the developing world. A recent and growing body of research highlights its strengths and some of the challenges it faces. Today, Value Added Taxes (VAT) exist in more than 160 countries, including in many developing countries that have modernised their tax systems in the past...

    6 Jun 2018 | Francois Gerard, Joana Naritomi