Showing all Growth Brief

  • Publication - Growth Brief

    Sustainable urbanisation in developing countries: Cities as places to innovate, trade, and work

    As the transition to a net zero global economy takes hold, there will be new opportunities for growth across a wide range of urban industries and services. City governments in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia need to proactively plan how they will leverage this to deliver on local productivity and job creation objectives. The climate crisis urgently calls for a new...

    20 Nov 2022 | Victoria Delbridge, Oliver Harman, Juliana Oliveira-Cunha, Tony Venables

  • Publication - Growth Brief

    Sustainable urbanisation in developing countries: Cities as places to live

    Climate change has presented cities with new challenges and opportunities for improving their liveability. If well-managed, cities offer both adaptation and mitigation benefits, as well as sustainable development opportunities, that other forms of living cannot. Climate change can no longer be ignored. Estimates suggest that inaction could cost the global economy between...

    21 Oct 2022 | Victoria Delbridge, Oliver Harman, Juliana Oliveira-Cunha, Tony Venables

  • Publication - Growth Brief

    Risk and resilience: Agricultural adaptation to climate change in developing countries

    Successful adaptation to climate change will require more accurate weather forecasts that can inform investment and production decisions, alongside financial products that can help farmers manage shocks. Key messages: Climate change will make agriculture less productive Adapting to higher weather variability will be more challenging than adapting to increases in...

    29 Mar 2022 | Kelsey Jack, Nick Wilkinson

  • Publication - Growth Brief

    Do social assistance programmes reach the poor? Micro-evidence from 123 countries

    Governments around the world rely on social assistance to reduce poverty, but the poorest are left behind. There has been a sharp reduction in global poverty over the past 25 years, from 36% in 1990 to 10% in 2015. Yet, 736 million people continue to live on less than USD 1.90 a day (World Bank, 2015), most of them in middle-income countries. In recent years, the largest...

    7 Jul 2020 | Nidhi Parekh, Oriana Bandiera

  • Publication - Growth Brief

    Information and electoral accountability

    Do more informed voters elect more qualified candidates? Numerous studies of varying scale and context reveal mixed evidence. Evidence appears stronger for structural interventions and mass communication than for more targeted interventions. Democracy is said to give citizens agency, as elections make it possible for them to remove poorly performing politicians....

    11 Dec 2019 | Guy Grossman, Macartan Humphreys, Valerie Mueller

  • Publication - Growth Brief

    Suffocating prosperity: Air pollution and economic growth in developing countries

    Air pollution is a silent killer that imposes substantial welfare and economic costs. Yet, people and governments underinvest in clean air. Policymakers must intervene with innovative solutions. Historically, economic growth and the externalities of growth have been studied and dealt with separately. However, we are now reaching the point where the externalities of...

    5 Dec 2019 | Paulina Oliva, Matei Alexianu, Rania Nasir

  • Publication - Growth Brief

    The prospects for manufacturing-led growth in Africa’s cities

    Many African countries are urbanising rapidly despite limited growth in manufacturing. Although other sectors could spur job creation and development, much like manufacturing, they need active public policy to support urban connectivity and business scale. Although the growth of cities in Africa has been closely linked to rising incomes across the continent, many...

    1 Nov 2019 | Sebastian Kriticos, Vernon Henderson

  • Publication - Growth Brief

    Making the workplace work for women

    The traditional economic rationale for increased female labour force participation is that it benefits women directly and society indirectly. A new argument looks at how increased female labour force participation can boost aggregate economic growth and hence, benefit everyone, on average. Yet, several factors hinder women’s productive employment. This Growth Brief...

    8 Oct 2019 | Nalini Gulati, Farzana Afridi, Oriana Bandiera

  • Publication - Growth Brief

    Information and innovation in the public sector

    Bureaucrats frequently make difficult policy choices with limited information. Public service incentives to seek out quality information and schemes to lower the cost of accessing that information could transform decision-making and help support innovations that lead to growth. Through its civil service, a capable state raises revenues and provides key public goods and...

    4 Oct 2019 | Walter Brown, Daniel Rogger, Ella Spencer, Martin Williams

  • Publication - Growth Brief

    Financer les villes à croissance rapide

    Beaucoup de villes des pays en développement grandissent à un rythme sans précédent. Pour répondre à cette expansion aussi rapide que non planifiée, les autorités municipales auront intérêt à la fois à accroitre leurs sources de revenus existantes et à étudier de nouvelles options de financement pour s’adapter à une demande accrue en services...

    16 Aug 2019 | Astrid Haas, Paul Collier