Showing all Policy Brief

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Exchange rate reform in Sudan

    Since 2018, Sudan had been in severe economic distress, with a growing divergence between the official and parallel exchange rates and high and rising inflation, fueled by Sudan’s significant fiscal deficit, which reached 11% of GDP in 2019. With limited access to financial markets and concessional financing, Sudan was bridging the fiscal deficit...

    23 Oct 2021 | Sarah Logan

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    The economic effects of COVID-19 on garment factories in Bangladesh

    COVID-19 poses a challenge to the future of Bangladesh’s apparel sector and its economy. This research provides evidence on its economic impact from a survey with a representative random sample of members from the Bangladesh Garment Manufacturers and Exports Association (BGMEA)’s members. Our survey shows that, on average, BGMEA member factories experienced a...

    13 Oct 2021 | Laura Boudreau, Farria Naeem

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Urban agriculture: a productive land-use for cities?

    As urban populations rapidly increase in the developing world, so do the challenges of feeding those who live there. This policy brief explores the ways that city governments can harness the benefits of urban agriculture, without disrupting the core purpose of a city of density and connectivity.

    12 Oct 2021 | Victoria Delbridge, Thierry Hoza Ngoga

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    She wins: Electing women in ethnically divided societies

    We conducted survey experiments across 2,000 respondents living in four districts in the state of Bihar and, within them, eight state legislative assembly constituencies equally divided between low and high communal violence districts. We find that women voters prefer women candidates, all candidates who offer protection, and especially women candidates who offer...

    20 Sep 2021 | Arindam Banerjee, Sayan Banerjee, Charles Hankla, Kunal Singh, Anjali Thomas

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Informal transport reform in Kampala city

    Public transport services in Kampala city are largely made up of minibus and motorbike taxis. While the current transport sector provides a critical means of livelihood to many individuals in the city, the jobs offered are relatively low-paid and the job market is increasingly saturated. Given the limited potential for the current transportation industry to...

    2 Sep 2021 | Priya Manwaring, Shahrukh Wani

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Gender, social change, and urbanisation in North India

    In the coming years, India will seek to reap the benefits of a demographic dividend that will maximise the growth potential of its economy. However, this potential dividend will likely be squandered if half of the country’s population—namely women—face continued steep barriers to social and economic empowerment. This study examines how gender, urbanisation, and...

    16 Aug 2021 | Neelanjan Sircar, Milan Vaishnav

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Unleashing the power of urbanisation for Uganda’s new cities

    Kampala dominates Uganda’s urban system across a number of metrics, including population, production of GDP, and formal employment opportunities. However, research has shown that such urban primacy can be detrimental to economic growth for countries at lower-income levels. People are settling in these cities faster than infrastructure investments can be made,...

    9 Aug 2021 | Astrid Haas

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    City of dreams no more, a year on: Worklessness and active labour market policies in urban India

    Ten months on from the lockdown months of April to June 2020 in India, we conducted a new field survey in lower-income states of Bihar, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh during February and March 2021. The new survey expanded coverage of the target group through a boost sample of individuals who have lost work due to the pandemic. Forty percent of recontacted workers...

    3 Aug 2021 | Swati Dhingra, Fjolla Kondirolli

  • Photo: Bishop Cotton Boys’ School/Creative Commons/UN Women
    Publication - Policy Brief

    Can gender-transformative education make young men less violent?

    Violence against women and girls is pervasive in India. Working with young men from an early age to transform traditional gender norms has been proposed as a potential solution to reduce violence against women and girls. However, little is known about whether young men who are exposed to gender-transformative life skills education turn out to be less violent. This...

    27 Jul 2021 | K. Santhya, Francis Zavier

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Implementing the new Industrial Policy in Uganda: Key lessons from cross-country experience

    Leveraging industrialisation for growth in the long run in Uganda will require active policy reform to address key constraints to value addition and to unlock globally competitive production. In light of this, the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Cooperatives has developed a revised 2021 Industrial Policy which provides direction to Uganda’s future industrialisation...

    22 Jul 2021 | Priya Manwaring