Showing all Policy Brief

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Impact of COVID-19 on fresh produce supply chains

    Farming remains the predominant occupation and source of income for 48% of the population of Punjab, Pakistan. Recent studies have provided suggestive evidence on the exploitation of farmers by middlemen through low offer prices and informal loans. Very little research has been done to investigate this influential position occupied by the different tiers of...

    25 Oct 2022 | Ijaz Nabi, Sher Afghan Asad, Omar Gondal, Shirin Naz, Irfan Dogar

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Constraints to female-run microenterprises in Pakistan: The role of goals and aspirations

    The national rate of active labour participation in Pakistan is low, at a little less than 44%, with a disproportionate gender gap. The rate of female participation equals only one-third of the male participation rate at 22%. This study tests if low-cost, light-touch training to boost aspirations and setting goals for the future can help in promoting microenterprise...

    3 Oct 2022 | Giovanna D'Adda, Mahreen Mahmud, Farah Said, Diego Ubfal

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Government demand and domestic firm growth: Evidence from Uganda

    Government procurement is an important mechanism for private sector development in Uganda. The 2014 Buy Uganda Build Uganda policy aims to expand domestic consumption of locally produced goods and services, setting a target of awarding at least 20% of the value of public procurement contracts to Ugandan firms. We study the impact of participation in public...

    28 Sep 2022 | Bernard Hoekman, Marco Sanfilippo, Filippo Santi, Rohit Ticku

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Inflation in Ethiopia: Supply-side drivers

    This brief explores several dimensions of supply-side drivers of food inflation in Ethiopia. Given the persistence of food inflation in macroeconomic analysis, managing inflationary expectations through effective communication of the country’s macroeconomic policy stance and its adjustments is critical. On the supply side, marketable surplus of grain has not kept...

    31 Aug 2022 | Seneshaw Tamru, Tewodros Makonnen Gebrewolde, Kathie Krumm, Alemayehu Seyoum Taffesse, Christopher Adam

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Strengthening low-income household support programmes

    This policy brief investigates how integrating actions to improve air and water quality and create income earning opportunities for women can improve low-income support programmes.

    12 Aug 2022 | Kulsum Ahmed, Ijaz Nabi, Sanval Nasim, Amna Mahmood, Farah Said

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Increasing productivity in Pakistan through a gender and vulnerability lens

    This policy brief examines recommendations to encourage female participation in the labour force in Pakistan.

    12 Aug 2022 | Kulsum Ahmed, Farah Said

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Prioritising climate action through a health and vulnerability lens

    This brief describes a six-point policy agenda to tackle air pollution, focusing on actions that could involve a broader effort to tackle climate change.

    12 Aug 2022 | Kulsum Ahmed, Sanval Nasim

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    ICT investments on productivity: The example of mobile towers in Ethiopia

    After experiencing sustained and high economic growth, Ethiopia entered a reform period to realign economic incentives and encourage private sector-driven growth. Investments in the information, communication, and technology (ICT) sector have emerged as one potential engine of future growth and productivity. This includes the construction of mobile towers and giving...

    27 Jul 2022 | Niclas Moneke

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Recovery from the COVID-19 shock and the informal labour market in urban Uganda

    We conducted a phone survey of a representative sample of manufacturing firms and their workers in Uganda in Spring 2022, two years after the onset of the pandemic. We find that the second lockdown implemented in Uganda in June- July 2021 resulted in a sharp increase in business closures, but these were largely temporary. However, a sizeable share of firm owners...

    25 Jul 2022 | Vittorio Bassi, Jung Hyuk Lee, Alessandra Peter, Tommaso Porzio, Ritwika Sen, Esau Tugume

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Improving access to renewable energy in rural Sierra Leone

    Download the policy brief here. In Sierra Leone, only about 5% of the population in rural areas have access to electricity. The United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) is supporting the Government of Sierra Leone to increase access to electricity through the Rural Renewable Energy Project (RREP) with funding from the UK’s Foreign, Commonwealth and...

    30 Jun 2022 | Madison Levine, Niccoló Meriggi, Ahmed Mushfiq Mobarak, Vasudha Ramakrishna, Lennart Sattlegger, Maarten Voors, Ariful Islam, Sellu Kallon, Julia Liborio