Showing all content in Cities

  • Event

    How to manage urban density post-COVID-19?

    The COVID-19 pandemic has brought urgency to the need to understand better the dynamics of urban density and examine how cities can overcome the downsides of density to create productive and livable cities through active policy decisions. This is particularly the case in developing countries that are undergoing rapid urbanisation with limited resources. This online event...

    7 October 2020

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    The impact of scaling up electric motorbikes in Rwanda

    Approximately one in five trips in Kigali are taken by petrol-fuelled motorcycle taxis, contributing to poor air quality, high demand for imported fuel, and rising Green House Gas emissions that contribute to climate change. This brief analyses the potential impact of scaling up the use of electric motorbikes to 100% (as a proportion of all motorbike taxis) in Kigali...

    24 Aug 2020 | Andrew Sudmant, Egide Kalisa, Jonathan Bower

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Water, sanitation, and hygiene policy in the time of COVID-19

    Investing in water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) is a no-regret policy for developing countries in the fight against COVID-19. According to numerous studies, for every $1 invested, the return in terms of healthcare savings, reduced time off work, and increased national productivity is between $2-4 for water and $5-9 for sanitation. This is particularly true for...

    30 Jun 2020 | Michael Blake, Edward Glaeser, Astrid Haas, Sebastian Kriticos, Naison Mutizwa-Mangiza

  • Blog post

    World Environment Day: Championing clean energy post COVID-19

    Combating climate change and ensuring clean air for all is an interdependent effort. As developing country governments electrify their populations, renewable energy offers a range of clean ways of doing so. The recent plunge in energy demand and oil prices, which threatens to reverse recent gains in renewables, should not act as a barrier to transitions towards clean energy...

    5 Jun 2020 | Joevas Asare

  • Blog post

    Freetown just implemented a new tax system that could quintuple revenue

    In the next few weeks, residents of Freetown are expecting to receive new property tax bills as part of a revamped and more progressive system. Approved as Sierra Leone was entering lockdown in mid-April, the revised arrangement places a greater onus on the richest and could increase the capital’s tax revenue five-fold. The new system has been in the works since Yvonne...

    26 May 2020 | Wilson Prichard, Abou Bakarr Kamara, Niccoló Meriggi

  • Blog post

    Urban agriculture: A viable safety net for the urban poor during times of crisis?

    One of the most devastating side effects of COVID-19 and the associated national lockdowns is the impact it is having on food access for the poor. Sub-Saharan Africa, with an already fragile food system, where rapid urbanisation and the rise of urban poverty pose substantial challenges to food security and nutrition, is likely to be hit the hardest. A simulation by the IGC...

    21 May 2020 | Thierry Hoza Ngoga, Victoria Delbridge

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    A road map for e-mobility transition in Rwanda

    Electric vehicles (EV) are gaining popularity among both governments and the private sector globally as an energy efficient mobility technology and the Government of Rwanda (GoR) embraces the fact that their expansion is now inevitable, as they aim to scale up their nascent e-moto industry. The researchers recommend e-mobility be implemented in the context of a wider...

    13 May 2020 | Jitendra Bajpai, Jonathan Bower

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    Optimal construction permit fees for Rwanda

    To successfully manage rapid urban growth and its attendant challenges, and to implement effective development control, municipal authorities need to increase revenue from construction permits and other sources. Rwanda’s ranking in the Dealing with Construction Permits subcomponent of the World Bank’s Doing Business index is rising, but the Government is keen to...

    4 May 2020 | Paida Hlambelo, Jonathan Bower, Umulisa Adia, Fred Mugisha

  • Blog post

    Behavioural economics of lockdown compliance: In search of lost time and well-behaved neighbours

    There are some crucial insights that behavioural economics and surrounding psychological evidence can bring to bear on public policies of a lockdown. Such insights are particularly pertinent to leveraging humans' 'predictable irrationality' in its design. Applying this evidence suggests that, where lockdowns are implemented, it might be better for policymakers to impose...

    4 May 2020 | Oliver Harman, Victoria Delbridge

  • Blog post

    Technology and property tax: Raising city revenue in Kampala

    Recent technology has proved effective in expanding the city’s tax base but requires up to date data and is no substitute for supportive policy and legislation. Property taxes are a hugely important potential source of revenue for cities. Faced with limited municipal revenues and rapidly growing populations, taxes on the value of land and property can offer a...

    14 Apr 2020 | Priya Manwaring, Tanner Regan