Showing all Projects in Cities

  • Project

    Rwanda land tenure Regularisation

    The registration of land rights is one of the key challenges facing policymakers today. Secure, legally enforceable, and marketable land rights allow cities to become a platform of productivity by ensuring that owners have the security to invest and transact land. They also allow governments to plan and tax land for the public good. Theirry Ngoga Hoza - who was closely...

    18 Dec 2019 | Thierry Hoza Ngoga

  • Project

    Improving customer repayments practices for water and sewer services in Kenyan informal settlements

    2.5 billion people in the developing world have no access to improved sanitation, and over a billion of them still practice open defecation.  Rapid urbanisation has resulted in an increase of 183 million urban residents without access to improved sanitation. The inability of the utilities to deliver adequate sanitation services has disproportionately hurt poor urban...

    16 Dec 2019 | Paul Gertler, Sebastian Galiani, Aidan Coville

  • Project

    Bringing property owners into the tax net: Avenues of fiscal capacity and local accountability. Experimental evidence from Dakar, Senegal.

    Property taxes are levied for local governments and often represent an important component in their budget funding. They play a crucial role in the face of increasing needs for public services in rapidly growing cities. In the context of developing countries - with cadastre shortcomings, weak administrative information and IT systems, and poor enforcement tools - most local...

    16 Dec 2019 | Justine Knebelmann

  • Project

    Understanding demand and funding for water supply in Mandalay City

    The Mandalay City Development Committee (MCDC) - the governing body of municipal Mandalay, Myanmar - faces significant problems surrounding their water services. Currently, piped water reaches only a fraction of the population, there is little water and sewage treatment capacity, and MCDC faces exorbitant financial losses (over K3700 mil, 2016-17). MCDC has been working...

    11 Dec 2019 | Tanvi Nagpal, Ankit Chatri

  • Project

    Assessing waste management services in Kigali

    Kigali is Rwanda's main urban centre and possesses the country’s highest population growth.  It is estimated that the city collects 300-350 tonnes of waste per day, all of which is dumped at a single landfill. High growth rates have put pressure on the city's existing waste management services including capacity constraints on the city's landfill and waste collection...

    10 Dec 2019 | Anirudh Rajashekar, Aiden Bowers

  • Project

    Brighter communities, safer cities

    Security provision is a fundamental service of the state. Personal and property security are necessary conditions for attracting local and foreign investment to drive economic growth. In Sierra Leone - where police lack the resources, capacity, and political legitimacy to provide community-level security - state and civil society actors combine to provide community...

    6 Dec 2019 | Daniel Posner, Kevin Grieco

  • Project

    Developing Kampala’s citizen charter: Citizen deliberation and bureaucratic responsiveness in service provision

    In the past two or three decades, deliberative processes have found widespread use across both developed (Fung & Wright, 2003) and developing countries (Wong, 2012). Beyond an end in themselves, they represent both a strategy to ensure that the resource allocation process takes a wide array of needs and preferences into account. Despite their ubiquity, there is scant...

    4 Dec 2019 | Macartan Humphreys, Constantin Manuel Bosancianu, Ana Garcia-Hernandez, Innocent Silver

  • Project

    Valuation models for property tax in Kampala, Uganda

    Property taxation is one of the most significant sources of revenue collected by the Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA) to fund vital public goods and services in Uganda’s capital. With rapid urban growth and increasing demands on public investment, the city is keen to undertake reforms that can help to improve revenue generation from this source. As part of ongoing...

    3 Dec 2019 | Tanner Regan, Priya Manwaring

  • Project

    Property taxes for urban development: A micro-simulation analysis for Ethiopia

    Property tax has been a relatively under-utilised source of urban finance in developing countries. This is especially pronounced in rapidly urbanising regions such as Africa and Asia. The United Nations Economic Commission for Africa reports that Africa’s urban population has reached 40 percent of the total in 2014 and is expected to reach 56 percent in 2050. This...

    29 Nov 2019 | Kiflu Molla, Tewodros Makonnen Gebrewolde

  • Project

    Industrialisation and urbanisation

    Ethiopia is a fast-growing low-income country with an expanding manufacturing sector. A key policy objective of the government of Ethiopia is to accelerate industrialisation through the creation of several industrial parks across the country. The parks are designed to offer high-quality government services and infrastructure (including a reliable energy supply), access to a...

    29 Nov 2019 | Antonio Caria, Stefan Dercon, Girum Abebe, Nicolas Lippolis