Showing all Projects in Cities

  • Project

    Smart congestion pricing: Testing travel incentives to reduce congestion in Bangalore

    This project will use a novel data collection strategy using smartphones and a field experiment to provide evidence on traffic congestion inefficiencies in Bangalore, India. It will also evaluate policy levers to counter congestion using monetary incentives and information. Severe peak-time traffic congestion is endemic in large cities in developing countries, both on...

    8 Nov 2016 | Gabriel Kreindler, Esther Duflo, Benjamin Olken

  • Project

    Rapid urbanisation, rural-to-urban migration and rural development: Evidence from 8000 Indian towns

    Rapid urbanisation and declining rural poverty are central features of many developing countries today, but there is little research on their relationship, especially on the impacts of rapid urbanisation on peri-urban and rural areas close to cities. Rural areas are expected to benefit from urban growth, but it is unclear whether these benefits take place via labour...

    8 Nov 2016 | Paul Novosad, Sam Asher

  • Project

    Best practice for implementing affordable housing in Kigali

    Supply of adequate low-income housing is vital for productive cities. Researchers provided valuable input into Rwanda’s planned incremental-build, low-income neighbourhood. Incremental housing has potential to provide home seekers with well-serviced land, infrastructure, and foundational structures for extendable homes. Kigali has a critical shortage of...

    1 Nov 2016 | Billy Ndengeyingoma, Laura Wainer, Sally Murray

  • Project

    Estimating the returns to human capital in the cities of developing countries

    The purpose of this project is to examine the relationship between returns to human capital, urbanisation, and growth, using a household survey and population census microdata to estimate the wage profiles for: (i) The urban areas of various groups of countries. (ii) The rural areas of the same countries. (iii) The largest city and the secondary cities of the same...

    28 Oct 2016 | Remi Jedwab, Paul Romer, Dietrich Vollrath, Daniel Pereira, Asif Islam

  • Project

    Moving in or dropping out? India's female migrants and urban labour force integration

    One important, yet understudied, constraint to FLFP is women’s inability to successfully migrate to where the jobs are - cities. In our pilot, young women and parents report being concerned for their safety when considering migrating to a major city for a job, but still reporting similar willingness to migrate for work as young men. Therefore, with proper support, young...

    27 Oct 2016 | Rohini Pande, Charity Troyer Moore, Soledad Artiz Prillaman

  • Project

    Managing accessibility for sustainable development

    Due to accelerated population growth, weak institutional capacity, inherent deficiencies in existing infrastructure services and limited fiscal space, most cities of the developing world are struggling to manage and guide harmonious development of their cities. The result is soaring deficiency of affordable housing, long commutes, congestion, pollution and steady...

    4 Oct 2016 | Jit Bajpai , Tatiana Peralta Quiros, Sally Murray

  • Project

    Urban transport systems and commuter mode choices: A field experiment in Ghana

    The traffic congestion resulting from too many cars moving to the central business district in the city is a symptom of an inefficient and ineffective public transport system. Such is the experience of Accra, a city with the third highest traffic in Sub-Saharan Africa following Lagos and Luanda. According to a recent World Bank study, transportation and land use concerns,...

    21 Sep 2016 | Gordon Abekah-Nkrumah, Patrick Asuming, Henry Telli

  • Project

    The political economy of urban transport in Yangon, Myanmar

    Traffic congestion in Yangon is undermining the city’s economic growth potential. We found that this is the result of a dysfunctional transport system and lack of coordination of transport policy for Yangon. To tackle this, a dedicated transport agency for Greater Yangon should be created, with a mandate to maximise urban mobility. Plans for a Bus Rapid...

    21 Sep 2016 | Sean Fox

  • Project

    Neighbourhood effects and social capital in urban housing: Evidence from random neighbourhood assignment

    In Africa, the population living in cities is set to triple by 2050. Government policy will play a key role in planning urban environments, including providing affordable housing and public goods for people moving to new urban neighbourhoods. How can urban policies be designed to promote flourishing communities and efficient delivery of public services? How can policy...

    22 Aug 2016 | Berihu Assefa Gebrehiwot, Simon Franklin, Alebel Weldesilassie

  • Project

    Transport infrastructure, urban growth, and market access in China

    In 2007, about 20% of World Bank lending was for transport infrastructure investments, more than its lending for social programs. In the same year, China invested about $200 billion in transport infrastructure. Understanding the impact of transportation infrastructure on the growth and spatial organization of cities is crucial if policymakers are to make wise infrastructure...

    19 Aug 2016 | Nathaniel Baum-Snow, Loren Brandt, Vernon Henderson, Matthew Turner, Qinghua Zhang