Showing all Projects in Cities

  • Project

    How do rural roads affect development? Evidence from India

    Despite a broad consensus that high transportation costs are a large barrier to economic development, many of the world's poor live in rural communities without paved roads, impeding their access to outside markets and public services. The high cost of roads means that the tradeoffs are steep in terms of other public goods and services. Nevertheless, the impact of rural...

    9 May 2017 | Paul Novosad, Sam Asher

  • Project

    Assessing the economic benefits of transit trade: The case of Tanzania

    The aim of this study is to assess the economic benefits of transit trade (the trade arising from the passage of goods through one country or region to another) to a transit country, using the case study of Tanzania. Transit trade is vital in facilitating economic transformation and regional trade, while contributing to the growth of employment, incomes, tax revenues, and...

    8 May 2017 | Josaphat Kweka, Solomon Michael

  • Project

    Understanding slum formation and designing an urban housing policy for the poor in Bihar

    Bihar with just an urban population of 11 percent as against 31 percent for India, is the least urbanised among the major states, although it has the highest density of population in the country (1193 person per square km.). The state has the highest population growth rate in India, but the growing labour force is absorbed largely in the urban areas outside the state (IHD,...

    21 Mar 2017 | Abhinav Alakshendra

  • Project

    The potential of taxing vacant land in Kampala’s central division

    In a previous IGC-funded research project at the request of the Directorate of Revenue Collection (DRC) in the Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA), Dr Mihaly Kopanyi analysed various ways that KCCA could potentially raise its own source revenue. One of the main recommendations was to explore the issue of taxation of vacant land. Land tax overall is a major potential...

    15 Mar 2017 | Mihaly Kopanyi, Astrid Haas

  • Project

    An effective building tax rate for Rwanda

    This project analyses the impacts of a proposed and various alternative buildings tax for Rwanda. It will also include commenting on the buildings tax threshold, sales tax, land tax provisions and planned valuation procedures, due to their interaction and inclusion in the same draft law.

    14 Mar 2017 | Mihaly Kopanyi

  • Project

    Evaluating the impacts of the Dar es Salaam Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system

    Across the developing world, tens of millions of people live in large cities in which the cost of commuting and transport in general is extremely high. Existing evidence suggests that these costs may reduce the ability of poor households to access jobs and important amenities. Cities across the developing world are making significant investments in urban transport...

    25 Jan 2017 | Gharad Bryan, Bilal Siddiqi, Melanie Morten

  • Project

    Cholera outbreaks and floods: An empirical analysis through the lense of urban patterns in Dar es Salaam

    Albeit highly treatable and preventable, diarrhoea ranks third in terms of mortality causes in Tanzania and sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) in general. Tanzania has experienced yearly outbreaks of cholera (an acute diarrhoeal illness) until the mid-2000s, and sporadically since then with the latest one in late 2015 reporting 7,155 cumulative cases and 96 deaths (as of early...

    9 Jan 2017 | Nathalie Picarelli , Ying Chen, Pascal Jaupart

  • Project

    Maternal mortality risk and gender gap in desired fertility

    High rates of urbanisation generate both positive and negative externalities in developing countries. While urbanisation is linked to productivity and economic growth, it places a strain on the already meager public infrastructure, leaving the housing, health, and education needs of the urban poor largely unmet. In Zambia, 36% of the population resides in urban cities and,...

    9 Jan 2017 | Nava Ashraf, Alessandra Voena, Erica Field

  • Project

    Environmental quality and economic development in Zambia: Filling the data gaps

    Understanding the effect environmental degradation has on economic development can’t be done without reliable information. Previously in Zambia, the quality and accessibility of environmental data has been low – due in part to the fact that the management of this data was highly decentralised. This project sought to centralise environmental data in Zambia on...

    10 Nov 2016 | Kelsey Jack

  • Project

    Job referrals and strategic network formation: Experimental evidence from urban neighbourhoods in Ethiopia

    This project poses the question: Do unemployed individuals use their job referral opportunities to strengthen their position in a geographically restricted social network? In particular, the project looks at whether there is reciprocity in the job referral process among individuals from the same geographic area. In addition, the laboratory experiment will be able to shed...

    8 Nov 2016 | Simon Quinn, Marc Witte