Showing all Projects in Cities

  • Project

    Infrastructure and economic growth: The role of airports

    Differences in productivity explain much of the gap in incomes between rich and poor countries.  A growing strand of research suggests that these differences in productivity are driven by capital misallocation: more productive firms in low income countries cannot obtain capital to expand their operations. If this is the case, policies that promote better capital allocation...

    19 Aug 2016 | Natalie Bau, Jesse Schreger

  • Project

    Migration and climate change: Environmental vulnerability and location choice in Bangladesh

    Climate change is poised to have dramatic effects on livelihoods around the world. In an effort to minimize the damages, individuals and policymakers alike will seek out strategies for mitigation and adaptation. While migration is only one of several possible strategies, it warrants special attention. Migration is an extreme response to environmental risk, used when other...

    19 Aug 2016 | Joyce Chen

  • Project

    Urban distances and labour market participation of the poor: The case of urban Ghana

    Over the last three decades, Ghana’s urban population has more than tripled, rising from 4 million in the mid-1980s to nearly 14 million people in 2015. The Greater Accra Metropolitan Area (GAMA) accounts for almost 4 million dwellers, making it one of the largest metropolitan areas in West Africa. Rapid urbanization has led to the emergence of several social problems...

    10 Aug 2016 | Ying Chen, Pascal Jaupart, Nathalie Picarelli

  • Project

    Growing together: Trust, spontaneous clusters, and the growth of micro, small, and medium enterprises in cities

    The rapid growth of cities in the African continent provides a new opportunity for the spread of innovative ideas and creates the conditions for the accumulation of social capital through repeated interactions. Urban density and social proximity can foster cooperation in the provision of public goods and the creation of win-win solutions which relax the economic constraints...

    6 Jul 2016 | Edward Glaeser, Nava Ashraf, Alexia Delfino

  • Project

    Infrastructure, incentives and institutions

    Expensive infrastructure is ineffective if it doesn't travel the last mile. In nineteenth-century New York and modern Zambia, disease spread when urbanites chose not to use newly built sanitation infrastructure to save money. Either subsidies or Pigouvian fines can internalise the externalities that occur when people don't use sanitation infrastructure, but with weak...

    23 Jun 2016 | Nava Ashraf, Edward Glaeser, Giacomo Ponzetto

  • Project

    Household responses to information, communication of actions of community, incentives on solid waste management actions: A case study of Delhi Households

    Delhi generates 8360 TPD (approx.) of municipal solid waste (MSW) per day. Studies have shown that there is a clear linear relationship between per capita solid waste generation rates and income levels for Indian households [Viswanathan, 2006] and that India’s per capita MSW generation rates are likely to keep pace with the economic growth rates [Goel, 2008], which means...

    14 Jun 2016 | Shivani Wadehra

  • Project

    Smart cities

    This paper sought to understand what a smart city would be in the Ethiopian context. The study investigated to what extent the urban data, technology, infrastructure, and networks allow for the implementation of future smart cities in Ethiopia. The management of rapid urbanisation has been a challenge in Ethiopia. A smart cities/smart solutions approach could...

    14 Jun 2016 | Belay File Garoma

  • Project

    Adaptation to persistent drought and groundwater depletion: Evidence from Karnataka

    Water stress is becoming the leading constraint on Indian agriculture. Groundwater resources are being fast-depleted and rainfall disruptions are increasingly frequent. Understanding how farmers adapt to this dual challenge is crucial for India’s agricultural growth, and transformation. The study seeks to investigate the combined impacts of persistent drought and...

    7 Apr 2016 | Ram Fishman, K.V. Raju, V.S. Prakash

  • Project

    Rural-urban migration in Bihar

    Migration in Bihar is common, both within the state and from the state to other parts of the country. However, there has been limited understanding of the forms that migration is taking. This study found that the vast majority of migration in Bihar is cyclical labour migration by vulnerable groups. Labour migrants’ mobility is hindered by their access to...

    7 Apr 2016 | Indrajit Roy

  • Project

    The impact of short-term driving restrictions on mobility and traffic congestion in Delhi

    Driving restrictions based on license plate numbers are a popular yet little understood policy in large cities in developing countries. This project used high frequency surveys to measure how drivers responded to such a policy in Delhi. Delhi's Odd-Even policy proved effective in reducing traffic congestion. However, many drivers switched to other private...

    7 Apr 2016 | Esther Duflo, Gabriel Kreindler, Benjamin Olken