Showing all Projects in Cities

  • Project

    Maternal mortality risk and gender gap in desired fertility

    High rates of urbanisation generate both positive and negative externalities in developing countries. While urbanisation is linked to productivity and economic growth, it places a strain on the already meager public infrastructure, leaving the housing, health, and education needs of the urban poor largely unmet. In Zambia, 36% of the population resides in urban cities and,...

    9 Jan 2017 | Nava Ashraf, Alessandra Voena, Erica Field

  • Project

    Environmental quality and economic development in Zambia: Filling the data gaps

    Understanding the effect environmental degradation has on economic development can’t be done without reliable information. Previously in Zambia, the quality and accessibility of environmental data has been low – due in part to the fact that the management of this data was highly decentralised. This project sought to centralise environmental data in Zambia on...

    10 Nov 2016 | Kelsey Jack

  • Project

    Job referrals and strategic network formation: Experimental evidence from urban neighbourhoods in Ethiopia

    This project poses the question: Do unemployed individuals use their job referral opportunities to strengthen their position in a geographically restricted social network? In particular, the project looks at whether there is reciprocity in the job referral process among individuals from the same geographic area. In addition, the laboratory experiment will be able to shed...

    8 Nov 2016 | Simon Quinn, Marc Witte

  • Project

    Smart congestion pricing: Testing travel incentives to reduce congestion in Bangalore

    This project will use a novel data collection strategy using smartphones and a field experiment to provide evidence on traffic congestion inefficiencies in Bangalore, India. It will also evaluate policy levers to counter congestion using monetary incentives and information. Severe peak-time traffic congestion is endemic in large cities in developing countries, both on...

    8 Nov 2016 | Gabriel Kreindler, Esther Duflo, Benjamin Olken

  • Project

    Rapid urbanisation, rural-to-urban migration and rural development: Evidence from 8000 Indian towns

    Rapid urbanisation and declining rural poverty are central features of many developing countries today, but there is little research on their relationship, especially on the impacts of rapid urbanisation on peri-urban and rural areas close to cities. Rural areas are expected to benefit from urban growth, but it is unclear whether these benefits take place via labour...

    8 Nov 2016 | Paul Novosad, Sam Asher

  • Project

    Best practice for implementing affordable housing in Kigali

    Supply of adequate low-income housing is vital for productive cities. Researchers provided valuable input into Rwanda’s planned incremental-build, low-income neighbourhood. Incremental housing has potential to provide home seekers with well-serviced land, infrastructure, and foundational structures for extendable homes. Kigali has a critical shortage of...

    1 Nov 2016 | Billy Ndengeyingoma, Laura Wainer, Sally Murray

  • Project

    Estimating the returns to human capital in the cities of developing countries

    The purpose of this project is to examine the relationship between returns to human capital, urbanisation, and growth, using a household survey and population census microdata to estimate the wage profiles for: (i) The urban areas of various groups of countries. (ii) The rural areas of the same countries. (iii) The largest city and the secondary cities of the same...

    28 Oct 2016 | Remi Jedwab, Paul Romer, Dietrich Vollrath, Daniel Pereira, Asif Islam

  • Project

    Moving in or dropping out? India's female migrants and urban labour force integration

    One important, yet understudied, constraint to FLFP is women’s inability to successfully migrate to where the jobs are - cities. In our pilot, young women and parents report being concerned for their safety when considering migrating to a major city for a job, but still reporting similar willingness to migrate for work as young men. Therefore, with proper support, young...

    27 Oct 2016 | Rohini Pande, Charity Troyer Moore, Soledad Artiz Prillaman

  • Project

    Managing accessibility for sustainable development

    Due to accelerated population growth, weak institutional capacity, inherent deficiencies in existing infrastructure services and limited fiscal space, most cities of the developing world are struggling to manage and guide harmonious development of their cities. The result is soaring deficiency of affordable housing, long commutes, congestion, pollution and steady...

    4 Oct 2016 | Jit Bajpai , Tatiana Peralta Quiros, Sally Murray

  • Project

    Urban transport systems and commuter mode choices: A field experiment in Ghana

    The traffic congestion resulting from too many cars moving to the central business district in the city is a symptom of an inefficient and ineffective public transport system. Such is the experience of Accra, a city with the third highest traffic in Sub-Saharan Africa following Lagos and Luanda. According to a recent World Bank study, transportation and land use concerns,...

    21 Sep 2016 | Gordon Abekah-Nkrumah, Patrick Asuming, Henry Telli