Showing all Projects in Cities

  • Project

    The political economy of urban transport in Yangon, Myanmar

    Traffic congestion in Yangon is undermining the city’s economic growth potential. We found that this is the result of a dysfunctional transport system and lack of coordination of transport policy for Yangon. To tackle this, a dedicated transport agency for Greater Yangon should be created, with a mandate to maximise urban mobility. Plans for a Bus Rapid...

    21 Sep 2016 | Sean Fox

  • Project

    Neighbourhood effects and social capital in urban housing: Evidence from random neighbourhood assignment

    In Africa, the population living in cities is set to triple by 2050. Government policy will play a key role in planning urban environments, including providing affordable housing and public goods for people moving to new urban neighbourhoods. How can urban policies be designed to promote flourishing communities and efficient delivery of public services? How can policy...

    22 Aug 2016 | Berihu Assefa Gebrehiwot, Simon Franklin, Alebel Weldesilassie

  • Project

    Transport infrastructure, urban growth, and market access in China

    In 2007, about 20% of World Bank lending was for transport infrastructure investments, more than its lending for social programs. In the same year, China invested about $200 billion in transport infrastructure. Understanding the impact of transportation infrastructure on the growth and spatial organization of cities is crucial if policymakers are to make wise infrastructure...

    19 Aug 2016 | Nathaniel Baum-Snow, Loren Brandt, Vernon Henderson, Matthew Turner, Qinghua Zhang

  • Project

    Infrastructure and economic growth: The role of airports

    Differences in productivity explain much of the gap in incomes between rich and poor countries.  A growing strand of research suggests that these differences in productivity are driven by capital misallocation: more productive firms in low income countries cannot obtain capital to expand their operations. If this is the case, policies that promote better capital allocation...

    19 Aug 2016 | Natalie Bau, Jesse Schreger

  • Project

    Migration and climate change: Environmental vulnerability and location choice in Bangladesh

    Climate change is poised to have dramatic effects on livelihoods around the world. In an effort to minimize the damages, individuals and policymakers alike will seek out strategies for mitigation and adaptation. While migration is only one of several possible strategies, it warrants special attention. Migration is an extreme response to environmental risk, used when other...

    19 Aug 2016 | Joyce Chen

  • Project

    Urban distances and labour market participation of the poor: The case of urban Ghana

    Over the last three decades, Ghana’s urban population has more than tripled, rising from 4 million in the mid-1980s to nearly 14 million people in 2015. The Greater Accra Metropolitan Area (GAMA) accounts for almost 4 million dwellers, making it one of the largest metropolitan areas in West Africa. Rapid urbanization has led to the emergence of several social problems...

    10 Aug 2016 | Ying Chen, Pascal Jaupart, Nathalie Picarelli

  • Project

    Growing together: Trust, spontaneous clusters, and the growth of micro, small, and medium enterprises in cities

    The rapid growth of cities in the African continent provides a new opportunity for the spread of innovative ideas and creates the conditions for the accumulation of social capital through repeated interactions. Urban density and social proximity can foster cooperation in the provision of public goods and the creation of win-win solutions which relax the economic constraints...

    6 Jul 2016 | Edward Glaeser, Nava Ashraf, Alexia Delfino

  • Project

    Infrastructure, incentives and institutions

    Expensive infrastructure is ineffective if it doesn't travel the last mile. In nineteenth-century New York and modern Zambia, disease spread when urbanites chose not to use newly built sanitation infrastructure to save money. Either subsidies or Pigouvian fines can internalise the externalities that occur when people don't use sanitation infrastructure, but with weak...

    23 Jun 2016 | Nava Ashraf, Edward Glaeser, Giacomo Ponzetto

  • Project

    Household responses to information, communication of actions of community, incentives on solid waste management actions: A case study of Delhi Households

    Delhi generates 8360 TPD (approx.) of municipal solid waste (MSW) per day. Studies have shown that there is a clear linear relationship between per capita solid waste generation rates and income levels for Indian households [Viswanathan, 2006] and that India’s per capita MSW generation rates are likely to keep pace with the economic growth rates [Goel, 2008], which means...

    14 Jun 2016 | Shivani Wadehra

  • Project

    Smart cities

    This paper sought to understand what a smart city would be in the Ethiopian context. The study investigated to what extent the urban data, technology, infrastructure, and networks allow for the implementation of future smart cities in Ethiopia. The management of rapid urbanisation has been a challenge in Ethiopia. A smart cities/smart solutions approach could...

    14 Jun 2016 | Belay File Garoma