Showing all Projects in Cities

  • Project

    Infrastructure, incentives and institutions

    Expensive infrastructure is ineffective if it doesn't travel the last mile. In nineteenth-century New York and modern Zambia, disease spread when urbanites chose not to use newly built sanitation infrastructure to save money. Either subsidies or Pigouvian fines can internalise the externalities that occur when people don't use sanitation infrastructure, but with weak...

    23 Jun 2016 | Nava Ashraf, Edward Glaeser, Giacomo Ponzetto

  • Project

    Household responses to information, communication of actions of community, incentives on solid waste management actions: A case study of Delhi Households

    Delhi generates 8360 TPD (approx.) of municipal solid waste (MSW) per day. Studies have shown that there is a clear linear relationship between per capita solid waste generation rates and income levels for Indian households [Viswanathan, 2006] and that India’s per capita MSW generation rates are likely to keep pace with the economic growth rates [Goel, 2008], which means...

    14 Jun 2016 | Shivani Wadehra

  • Project

    Smart cities

    This paper sought to understand what a smart city would be in the Ethiopian context. The study investigated to what extent the urban data, technology, infrastructure, and networks allow for the implementation of future smart cities in Ethiopia. The management of rapid urbanisation has been a challenge in Ethiopia. A smart cities/smart solutions approach could...

    14 Jun 2016 | Belay File Garoma

  • Project

    Adaptation to persistent drought and groundwater depletion: Evidence from Karnataka

    Water stress is becoming the leading constraint on Indian agriculture. Groundwater resources are being fast-depleted and rainfall disruptions are increasingly frequent. Understanding how farmers adapt to this dual challenge is crucial for India’s agricultural growth, and transformation. The study seeks to investigate the combined impacts of persistent drought and...

    7 Apr 2016 | Ram Fishman, K.V. Raju, V.S. Prakash

  • Project

    Rural-urban migration in Bihar

    Migration in Bihar is common, both within the state and from the state to other parts of the country. However, there has been limited understanding of the forms that migration is taking. This study found that the vast majority of migration in Bihar is cyclical labour migration by vulnerable groups. Labour migrants’ mobility is hindered by their access to...

    7 Apr 2016 | Indrajit Roy

  • Project

    The impact of short-term driving restrictions on mobility and traffic congestion in Delhi

    Driving restrictions based on license plate numbers are a popular yet little understood policy in large cities in developing countries. This project used high frequency surveys to measure how drivers responded to such a policy in Delhi. Delhi's Odd-Even policy proved effective in reducing traffic congestion. However, many drivers switched to other private...

    7 Apr 2016 | Esther Duflo, Gabriel Kreindler, Benjamin Olken

  • Project

    Promoting job-rich urbanisation in Zambia

    Gregory Randolph and Dhruv Jain

    14 Mar 2016 | Gregory Randolph, Dhruv Jain

  • Project

    Upgrading sanitation in informal settlements in Lusaka

    Despite significant investments by governments, international donors and NGOs in bringing sanitation to low-income communities, the adoption of improved sanitation by low-income households has remained stubbornly low. Building on a recent but flourishing literature stressing the importance of social networks on influencing individuals’ behaviour, this study will address...

    14 Mar 2016 | Mũthoni Ngatia, William Parienté, Roland Rathelot

  • Project

    Spatial equilibrium effects of positive wealth shocks

    From the perspective of urban economics, a core constraint facing rural populations is likely their inability to concentrate purchasing power geographically. This is driven by the fact that (i) most primary export products (agricultural goods) require a lot of land, relative to labour for production, and (2) are exports are typically low-margin commodities.  We propose to...

    25 Feb 2016 | Edward Miguel, Paul Niehaus, Johannes Haushofer, Michael Walker

  • Project

    Subways and urban air pollution

    Urbanisation will be an important part of the development process for most low income countries, and demands for urban infrastructure construction will outpace the ability of policy makers to provide it. Given this, it is critical to develop an empirical basis for prioritising construction projects. What should policymakers do first? Build highways, subways, water treatment...

    25 Feb 2016 | Matthew Turner, Marco Gonzalez-Navarro