Showing all content in Energy

  • Project

    Investigating the environmental and economic benefits of energy efficient brick

    Conventional brick kilns, known as Bull’s Trench Kiln (BTK), in Pakistan’s Punjab province are a significant source of greenhouse gas emissions and harmful particulates, which exacerbate climate change and deteriorate ambient air quality. Targeting emissions from brick kilns provides an avenue for Punjab’s Environmental Protection Department (EPD) to bring the...

    20 Sep 2019 | Faiza Sharif, Sanval Nasim, Ijaz Nabi

  • Blog post

    Non-price energy conservation and household energy consumption: Experimental evidence from Bangladesh

    Household electricity consumption accounts for 40% of global energy related CO2 emissions and this is expected to grow globally by 58% by 2030 if no measures are introduced (Rasul & Hollywood 2012).  Residential energy consumption is also made worse by a supply-demand mismatch in developing countries. Bangladesh Bangladesh is rated the 6th most vulnerable nation to...

    13 Sep 2019 | Ahsanuzzaman A, Liang Choon Wang, Asad Islam

  • Blog post

    When price is not the whole story: Why rural consumers in Rwanda have low demand for electricity

    At first glance, the 7th Sustainable Development Goal seems uncontroversial: “ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all.” However, delve into the recent literature on electrification in sub-Saharan Africa and you will discover a growing number of studies that call into question where electrification should fit as a policy priority. In...

    13 Sep 2019 | Megan Lang

  • Blog post

    Pre-paid electricity metering and its effects on the poor

    Pre-paid meters for electricity or water are spreading rapidly in the developing world. Households that switched from post-paid monthly bills to pre-paid meters in South Africa, reduced their electricity usage drastically. Given that the energy demand of households is typically relatively unresponsive to prices, the question arises as to where these reductions came from....

    11 Sep 2019 | Kelsey Jack, Kathryn McDermott, Anja Sautmann

  • Publication - Sub-thematic summary

    Energy: A summary of IGC research

    This sub-thematic summary highlights the IGC’s research on energy over the past 10 years. Access to reliable and affordable energy, as enunciated in Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 7, is at the core of IGC’s research on energy. Achieving reliable, widespread access to electricity will be transformative for many developing countries. It has significant effects on...

    10 Sep 2019 | Rayner Tabetando

  • Blog post

    Flexible payment plans for improved access to off-grid energy in Pakistan

    There are approximately 144 million individuals in Pakistan who reside in either completely off-grid areas – areas that are too far away to connect to the grid - or in ‘bad’-grid areas where load shedding exceeds 12 hours per day (IFC, 2015). Households and businesses in off-grid and bad-grid areas spend an average of 14% of their monthly disposable income on kerosene...

    9 Sep 2019 | Jacopo Bonan, Giovanna D'Adda, Mahreen Mahmud, Farah Said

  • News Item

    Treating electricity as a right is detrimental to expanding access

    To expand access to electricity, governments in low-income countries should treat electricity as a private good, not a right, a new publication argues. It is a widespread belief in developing countries that electricity is a right to be enjoyed by all citizens. In practice, this social norm regularly results in customers not paying their electricity bills, stealing...

    9 Sep 2019

  • Publication - Working Paper

    Electricity is not a right (paper)

    Electricity courses through our lives. Yet, there are still more than a billion people worldwide who are not connected to the grid, and many more get abysmal supply, unlike the 24/7/365 flow that rich countries take for granted. We argue that these shortfalls are due to a sad irony: treating electricity as a right for the poor has limited electricity access.

    9 Sep 2019 | Robin Burgess, Michael Greenstone, Nicholas Ryan, Anant Sudarshan

  • Publication - Growth Brief

    Electricity is not a right: How social norms constrain access to electricity

    The norm that electricity is a right, as opposed to a private good, constrains access to energy and leads to widespread rationing in developing countries. Many developing countries suffer from low electricity access and frequent outages that restrict economic growth. These conditions arise from two primary factors: the norm that electricity is a right guaranteed by the...

    6 Sep 2019 | Robin Burgess, Michael Greenstone, Nicholas Ryan, Anant Sudarshan, Matei Alexianu

  • Publication - Policy Brief

    The cost of power outages to Zambia’s manufacturing sector

    The researchers surveyed 146 large manufacturing firms in Zambia’s industrial hubs in 2018 to assess the impacts of power outages on Zambia’s manufacturing sector, and firms’ coping mechanisms. Following the outages of 2015 and 2016, manufacturing’s share of energy delivered by Zambian energy utility ZESCO dropped and had not recovered by 2017. The...

    28 Aug 2019 | Imaduddin Ahmed, Michelle Baddeley, D'Maris Coffman, Jim Meikle, Graham Sianjase