Showing all Projects in Energy

  • Project

    Reducing Pakistan's circular debt: Facilitating growth through energy sector reforms

    Pakistan's power sector is in crisis. Although subsidies protect consumers from the real costs, the government is burdened with serious debt. The stock of debt in the power sector has reached a staggering ~1.72 trillion rupees (£8.56bn), nearly 4% of GDP. In comparison, Pakistan spends just over 2.4% of GDP on education; more is spent on subsidising electricity prices each...

    8 Jun 2021 | Robin Burgess, Usman Naeem, Tim Dobermann, Faraz Hayat, Michael Greenstone

  • Project

    Reinventing Pakistan's welfare state: Replacing energy subsidies with targeted transfers

    A welfare state faces two fundamental challenges: targeting people who need support the most and delivering the benefits in a cost-effective manner. In some developing countries, weak data leads to poor targeting, while weak institutions lead to poor delivery mechanisms. This means that these limited benefits are often availed by the less deserving, leaving less behind for...

    4 Jun 2021 | Robin Burgess, Tim Dobermann, Michael Greenstone, Faraz Hayat, Usman Naeem

  • Project

    Electric mobility and transport leapfrogging in Kigali, Rwanda

    Rapid advances in technology, seen in fast-charging electric buses, electric motorbikes with replaceable batteries, dock less bicycles and scooters, and a host of other innovations, may have led to a greater change to way we think about urban transport over the last 5 years than over the previous 50. Whether these technologies succeed in helping address climate change,...

    21 May 2021 | Andrew Sudmant, Andrew Gouldson

  • Project

    Determinants of global air pollution exposure

    Air pollution is harmful to health and growing literature suggests it is also harmful to productivity. This project aims to understand the determinants of exposure, that is, concentrations of people living in polluted places. We plan to assess the reduction in exposure that follows from policy interventions affecting urbanisation, power generation, transportation,...

    21 May 2021 | Matthew Turner, Lint Barrage

  • Project

    Scoping study: Using network theory to promote adoption of new agricultural technologies in Sierra Leone

    Despite substantial improvements in agricultural productivity across the world since the 1980s, productivity levels in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) have not experienced similar increases. Such agricultural stagnation has significant implications for the majority of the sub-continent’s population who are engaged in smallholder farming, as agricultural development is integral...

    30 Mar 2021 | Ahmed Mushfiq Mobarak

  • Project

    Electrifying growth in Sierra Leone: Energy access for productive use

    In Sierra Leone, just 26% of the total population and only 6% of the rural population have access to electricity. Without electricity, 83% of rural households cook mainly using wood, resulting in deforestation, and health centres and schools not functioning effectively and efficiently. Researchers are working with the United Nations Office for Project Service and...

    10 Mar 2021 | Ahmed Mushfiq Mobarak, Kevin Grieco, Niccoló Meriggi, Maarten Voors, Alex Gilchrist

  • Project

    Charting Pakistan’s air quality policy landscape

    An IGC Evidence Paper on Energy & Environment (Dec 2019) states that human productivity drops by 6% on average on polluted days. It further lists Pakistanis among those severely exposed to PM2.5, one of the most harmful air pollutants. Moreover, the IGC's work on air pollution indicates that developing countries struggle to enforce environmental regulations, leading to...

    16 Feb 2021 | Sanval Nasim, Ali Habib

  • Project

    Do farmers’ ability and community networks matter in agricultural adaptation to climate change? A case study of Bihar

    The consequences of climate change have led to significant implications for agricultural productivity. Most especially in poorer Indian states such as Bihar, where farmers rely on traditional agricultural practices, have less room-to-maneuver in response to climate uncertainty – and the resulting changes to overall agricultural productivity. Although, mitigation and...

    10 Dec 2020 | Meeta Keswani Mehra

  • Project

    Leveraging energy data for better residential energy subsidy targeting

    A welfare state faces two fundamental challenges: targeting those who need support most and delivering benefits in an effective manner. In developing countries, weak data leads to poor targeting, while weak institutions lead to poor delivery. The benefits intended for the poor therefore only reach a fraction of the planned amounts. Targeting is challenging because of the...

    25 Nov 2020 | Michael Greenstone, Usman Naeem, Tim Dobermann, Robin Burgess, Faraz Hayat

  • Project

    Longitudinal analysis of cooking behaviour in rural Bihar, India

    In India, household air pollution from the combustion of solid fuels like firewood, dung, charcoal, and agricultural residues for daily energy requirements accounts for more than 400,000 premature deaths annually. Through Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY), the Government of India is engaged in an ambitious national effort to provide access to clean-burning liquefied...

    23 Nov 2020 | Johannes Urpelainen, S.P. Harish, Carlos Gould, Faraz Usmani