Showing all Projects in Energy

  • Project

    The political economy of power outages in Ghana: New measures and analysis

    Access to energy is crucial for economic growth. While global attention has focused heavily on increasing access, an under-recognised constraint in many countries is poor reliability of electricity supply. This project introduces a new measure of power supply reliability and outages based upon temporal variations in nighttime light output. This work builds upon ongoing...

    17 Apr 2019 | Brian Min

  • Project

    Rapid response to Pakistan’s Task Force on Energy Reforms

    Pakistan’s power sector is in deep need of reform. The sector suffers from chronic shortages not because of a lack of supply but due to the financial woes of the distribution companies operating throughout Pakistan. Of the electricity sold for use across the country, only 71% is recovered through bills. Such large losses risk collapsing the sector if left...

    17 Apr 2019 | Robin Burgess, Tim Dobermann, Michael Greenstone, Faraz Hayat, Usman Naeem

  • Project

    Diagnosing energy-efficient and resilient urban development in Dar es Salaam: A spatial planning approach

    With a population of over 5 million people, Dar es Salaam is the largest city and economic hub of Tanzania. By the year 2050, Dar es Salaam will be one of Africa’s largest megacities with a population exceeding 10 million people. Yet, what impact will future population growth have on residential energy use dynamics in the city? Enabling a sustainable and resilient energy...

    7 Dec 2018 | Heather MacLean, Chibulu Luo

  • Project

    Investigating the environmental and economic benefits of energy efficient brick kilns

    Conventional brick kilns—Bull’s Trench Kiln (BTK)—in Pakistan’s Punjab province are a significant source of greenhouse gas emissions and harmful particulates which exacerbate climate change and deteriorate ambient air quality. Targeting emissions from brick kilns provides an avenue for Punjab’s Environmental Protection Department (EPD) to bring the provincial...

    17 Sep 2018 | Faiza Sharif, Sanval Nasim, Ijaz Nabi

  • Project

    Impacts of smart meters on losses in electricity distribution, electricity reliability, and household investments in energy efficiency

    Theft/non-payment for electricity services is a concern for the utilities in the Kyrgyz Republic, as with electricity utilities in many developing countries. Low payment rates jeopardise the financial stability of the utilities and their ability to carry-out maintenance activities in the short run, as well as limit their ability to make longer run investments necessary to...

    12 Jan 2018 | Robyn Christine Meeks

  • Project

    Liquidity constraint, LPG stoves and charcoal consumption: Evidence from a randomised controlled trial in Tanzania

    A significant proportion of households in urban parts of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) use charcoal as their main source of cooking energy. In the urban parts of Tanzania - the country on which we focus in this paper - the proportion of households that use charcoal to meet their main cooking needs has increased from 47 percent in 2001 to 71 percent in 2007, and Dar es Salaam...

    17 Nov 2017 | Yonas Alem, Peter Berck, Remidius Ruhinduka

  • Project

    The vicious circle of power outages and bill payment: Evidence from Ghana

    One of the primary challenges facing developing countries that are attempting to build a robust electric grid is “tariff under-recovery” – many customers do not pay their electric bills. A consequence is that utilities are unable to cover operating expenses, maintain their existing infrastructure, and fund new investment to accommodate growth in electricity demand. In...

    6 Nov 2017 | James Dzansi, Steve Puller

  • Project

    Willingness or ability to pay? Expanding electricity access with cost sharing and financing

    Access to electricity in Uganda remains low, and was estimated to be around 15% in 2012 (UBOS, 2013), with a stark rural-urban divide. Lack of access to electricity represents a large impediment to achieving higher income levels. The Government of Uganda has recognised this both in Vision 2040 and the National Development Plan, and set the goal of achieving universal...

    11 Oct 2017 | Kelsey Jack, Molly Lipscomb

  • Project

    Promoting energy and water efficiency in irrigation through direct and indirect incentives

    Groundwater irrigation has revolutionised agriculture in India, but in many areas, over-extraction is now worsening water quality, increasing poverty, and overloading the electric grid. Meanwhile, plenty of water- and energy-efficient techniques and technologies exist – such as micro-irrigation – but adoption remains low. What is the best way for governments, utilities,...

    11 Oct 2017 | Michael Greenstone, Nick Hagerty, Ariel Zucker

  • Project

    Powering the powerless: Economic impact of rural electrification in Ghana

    Even though rural electrification projects in Ghana started in 1970s, less than 50% of rural households in Ghana have access to electricity, compared to 72-75% at the national level. This suggests wide disparities in electricity access between rural and urban households, which could explain a large share of the observed inequalities in income and welfare between rural and...

    28 Sep 2017 | George Adu, Eric Oteng-Abayie, John Bosco Dramani