Showing all Projects in Energy

  • Project

    Willingness or ability to pay? Expanding electricity access with cost sharing and financing

    Access to electricity in Uganda remains low, and was estimated to be around 15% in 2012 (UBOS, 2013), with a stark rural-urban divide. Lack of access to electricity represents a large impediment to achieving higher income levels. The Government of Uganda has recognised this both in Vision 2040 and the National Development Plan, and set the goal of achieving universal...

    11 Oct 2017 | Kelsey Jack, Molly Lipscomb

  • Project

    Promoting energy and water efficiency in irrigation through direct and indirect incentives

    Groundwater irrigation has revolutionised agriculture in India, but in many areas, over-extraction is now worsening water quality, increasing poverty, and overloading the electric grid. Meanwhile, plenty of water- and energy-efficient techniques and technologies exist – such as micro-irrigation – but adoption remains low. What is the best way for governments, utilities,...

    11 Oct 2017 | Michael Greenstone, Nick Hagerty, Ariel Zucker

  • Project

    Powering the powerless: Economic impact of rural electrification in Ghana

    Even though rural electrification projects in Ghana started in 1970s, less than 50% of rural households in Ghana have access to electricity, compared to 72-75% at the national level. This suggests wide disparities in electricity access between rural and urban households, which could explain a large share of the observed inequalities in income and welfare between rural and...

    28 Sep 2017 | George Adu, Eric Oteng-Abayie, John Bosco Dramani

  • Project

    Monitoring Myanmar's electrification plan: Welfare effects and access issues

    Myanmar is in energy poverty. Venture outside Yangon or Mandalay at night and one will be mostly faced with darkness. The Government of Myanmar rightly sees electrification as a national priority for growth. The National Electrification Plan (NEP) is an ambitious plan by the government to provide access to electricity for all by 2030, up from 34% today. It aims to achieve...

    13 Sep 2017 | Nicholas Ryan, Michael Greenstone, Robin Burgess

  • Project

    Does restricting subsidised power and water supply reduce growth? Evidence from the dark zones of Gujarat

    The provision of heavily subsidised electricity to agricultural consumers in India is widely considered to be a major choke on India's energy sector. Most state governments resort to rationing the duration or access to agricultural power supply, with little information on the associated trade-offs and the impacts on growth. This study will investigate the impacts of one...

    31 Aug 2017 | Ram Fishman, Meha Jain, Saher Asad

  • Project

    Paying for urban services: Utility bills and the spending patterns of the poor

    Revenue recovery is a challenge for electricity providers in developing countries. Poor customers often struggle to pay monthly bills, and providers face both cost and political economy barriers to enforcing payment. Increasingly, prepayment is used to solve this problem in the electricity and water sectors. However, little work has been done so far to understand how...

    24 Aug 2017 | Kelsey Jack, Kathryn McDermott, Anja Sautmann

  • Project

    Rural electrification with off-grid community microgrids: An impact evaluation in Uttar Pradesh, India

    Randomised controlled trial measuring effect of installing solar microgrids in 81 villages in Uttar Pradesh who previously had no electricity and used kerosene lamps to light their homes. Villagers spent considerably less money on buying kerosene after subscribing to the solar service. However, researchers found no evidence of broader socio-economic impacts on...

    17 May 2017 | Michaël Aklin, Patrick Bayer, S.P. Harish, Johannes Urpelainen

  • Project

    Electrification effects on firm productivity in Ethiopia

    Energy as a driver of growth appears intuitive to most observers, and access to reliable sources of energy is especially understood to be an engine of industrialisation and growth in developing countries. However, policymakers and academics are still in the dark about the extent and the exact mechanisms of how energy investments translate into growth. This underlying...

    10 May 2017 | Niclas Moneke

  • Project

    Non-price energy conservation programme and household energy consumption in Bangladesh

    In order to meet the growing energy demand in developing countries and the obligation to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in dealing with greenhouse gases emissions mitigation, various governments are striving for higher energy production and better energy conservation while achieving sustainable economic development. As a result, countries across the...

    8 May 2017 | Asadul Islam, Liang Choon Wang, Ahsanuzzaman A

  • Project

    Building environmental regulation that enables growth

    Industry has not only fuelled rapid growth and increased living standards in China and India but also contributed to air and water pollution.  Pollution concentrations in these and other developing countries exceed the highest levels recorded in the developed world. Industrial regulations in India have a history of heavy-handedness, characterised by onerous licensing and...

    2 Feb 2017 | Michael Greenstone, Rohini Pande, Nicholas Ryan, Anant Sudarshan